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About this book

The book provides an introduction to logistics and supply chain management and the application of evolutionary computation, focusing on specific fields related to supply chain issues, from strategic sourcing decisions, and production planning and control to inventory to logistics and its application using evolutionary / heuristics techniques. Bridging the gap between management research, decision-making and computer analysis, this interdisciplinary book features state-of-the-art descriptions of the corresponding problems and advanced methods for solving them.

Table of Contents

Frontmatter

Supply Chain

Frontmatter

An Overview of Supply Chain Dynamics from a Behavioral Operations Perspective

Abstract
This chapter provides an overview of the state of the art in Behavioral Operations Management studies focusing on supply chain dynamics. Specifically, we show how, in the last decade, this field of study has been gaining momentum in scholarly research. Additionally, we focus on supply chain dynamics and perform a systematic literature review on the behavioral causes of the bullwhip effect. Finally, we offer an illustration of how multi-method research can enrich behavioral operations management by presenting the results of a study in which a behavioral cause of supply chain dynamics, namely risk aversion is explored by combining human experiments and simulation.
Carmela Di Mauro, Salvatore Cannella, Roberto Dominguez, Alessando Ancarani

Classification of Factors Associated with a Closed-Loop Supply Chain System, Their Modelling Methods and Strategies

Abstract
Environmental impact of the industries has been one of the primary concerns of the society today due to increased carbon emission and non-sustainability in their open-end supply chain systems. Closed-loop supply chain system (CLSC) is an improved system often suggested by researchers to enhance sustainability and lower environmental degradation by closing the loop of the product lifecycle and encouraging product returns and other green activities. The concept was strengthened by the introduction of various policies and regulations by the government for the sake of maintaining the health of the environment. In this paper, a thorough investigation of the CLSC system and categories/groups of factors influencing the optimal parameters of a CLSC system have been reported. Modelling of CLSC strategies involves different uncertainty problems which are required to be solved using different mathematical models. These uncertainty problems are governed by the varying numbers assigned to the uncertainty factors. This paper gives an account of various modelling methods and solution strategies commonly used in the research of CLSC systems for solving the uncertainty problems and analyze different aspects of the practical system for an optimized supply chain system.
Hridayjit Kalita, Kaushik Kumar, J. Paulo Davim

Project-Based Supply Chain Intelligence and Digital Fabrication for a Sustainable Film Industry

Abstract
There is a societal, political and legislative drive towards greater transparency and accountability for environmental, social and economic sustainability in business. There is also the recognition of the complexities involved in monitoring operations in manufacturing and construction industries, and in particular where those are project-based. Developments in digital technology provide new ways of tracking elements within supply chain operations, as well as new communication platforms, fabrication techniques and data analysis capabilities. This chapter provides an argument for the need for transition research in project-based manufacturing and construction industries, with film production as an example, to provide the conceptualisation of supply chain constructs to respond to contemporary aspirations for society. These should exploit the opportunities digital technologies provide in the development of supply chain intelligence, whilst working with cultural and practical complexities within the industry, to create the paradigm shifts necessary for an effective re-organisation of practice. This chapter discusses the issues and challenges involved in adapting project-based supply chains for sustainability legislative oversight, and the development of sustainable supply chain practices enabled by digital technology, to propose alternative practices for project-based industries overall.
Jennifer Loy

Cold Chain

Frontmatter

Cold Chain and Its Application

Abstract
In the global age, customer satisfaction, the safety of food and health products is at the topmost priority. The cold chain technology seems to be an essential aspect of preserving food products, perishables, and delivering them in the right conditions to the open market. Any changes in the supply chain regarding time, temperature, distance, environmental conditions result in the decline of the net present value of the products. This chapter deals with all the factors responsible for the quality assurance of the cold chain products. It gives a complete idea about the mechanism, processes, and monitoring functions, operational conditions for the cold chain logistics. This chapter provides insights on the temperature standards, and organizations set up the regulations for the cold chains. Future aspects related to this technology to produce, store, and handling all the produced goods have been discussed in this article. The primary focus is given to the temperature-sensitive pharmaceutical products, vaccines, distribution practices, quality management aspects for the cold chain technology.
Dheeraj Kumar, Ravi Kant Singh, Apurba Layek

To Analyse the Impact and Benefits of Cold Chain Applications for Frozen Food at High-Temperature Zone: A Case Study of Rajasthan, India

Abstract
Cold chain is a series of actions and equipment applied to maintain a product within a specified low-temperature range from harvest or production to consumption. In other words, cold chain is a supply chain where temperature is being controlled. Farmers are putting their efforts in using the green revolution technologies for strengthening food and income security, in addition to generating surplus production. India has tripled the growth of food processing industry, increasing its level of processing from 6 to 20%. But, due to lack of proper transportation and cold chain facility, the edibles were getting wasted. If we are able to save food with negligible expense, we will be able to feed the poor population with low cost strengthening the economy of country. We can minimize the expense of food processing procedure through the development and enhancement of basic facilities for storage of agricultural food produce, transportation and processing. The Indian agricultural sector’s growth is quite poor due to the lack of infrastructural amenities. The administration must put an effort to allocate funds for the interest of the nation for setting up of warehouses, contemporary widespread market and agro-logistics hub along with cold chain facilities. There is a requirement not only for the cold chain system but also there is a growing need for modern incubation centres, quality testing laboratories and storage amenities for enhancing the process of manufacturing. To cater the needs of the people, the cold chain system for processed food became highly recommendable. Rajasthan was selected for the study which is known for its varied climate. It has all kinds of produce due to rich quality of soil in most places. In this paper, we will observe the effectiveness of cold chain on edibles to retain its quality and to be available for the ultimate customer.
Anju Bharti, Shivangi Sahay

Block Chain

Frontmatter

Block Chain and Its Application

Abstract
In this research article, the investigation has been made possible to gather some ideas about Block Chain technology and its recent applications. It has also been tried to explore some other implementations of the related protocols. At the initial stage, discussions on the Bitcoin (the first-ever application of the technology) are being provided. Block Chain technology is known as the technological basis on which Bitcoin is built. This technology has made it possible that every kind of transaction is executed in a proper manner of decentralized way. It does not require any trusted kind of the third party in between the whole transaction. By offering a distributed, undisputable, public verified records of the transactions, the Block Chain technology potentials to renovate many industries. In this chapter, a critical and detailed survey has been performed aiming toward the area of application of the Block Chain technology, its impact on the society, and its possible use cases. The idea purpose of this chapter is to provide that much ability to the readers to familiarize and to understand the state of the art of the Block Chain world, in both the society and technology also.
Dheeraj Kumar, Ravi Kant Singh, Apurba Layek

Application

Frontmatter

Inventory Modeling and Inventory Control Application

Abstract
In this chapter, the basic motivation of inventory modeling will be discussed. Briefly description of the developmental history of dynamic inventory models will be given. Different inventory control strategies will be reviewed. Modern inventory control method via dynamical system approach will be illustrated. Stability of the models will be discussed. Finally, application areas and usefulness of the models will be reported from real-life inventory control point of view. In the conclusion section, summary of the chapter will be written. Moreover, the areas for future research will be discussed.
Sayantani Mondal, Aman Khatoon, Swarup Poria

Radial Data Envelopment Analysis Approach to Performance Measurement: Study on Indian Banking System

Abstract
Altering customer demands with augmented competitive pressures significantly change the operating environment of Indian banks. Being competitive, banks are continuously keeping themselves on a platform of performance as set by them. Traditional methods for evaluation of performance are not working properly due to different issues as floated in this sector. Considering all the above issues, performance measurement is very complex as well as critical in terms of banks long-term sustainability. This study adopts a non-traditional method of measuring performance via Data Envelopment Analysis; a frontier-based radial approach to measure performance between public and private sector banks for last five years (2015–2019). Using non-parametric test, this study also tests the hypothesis that ‘there exist no statistical efficiency differences between the public and private sector banks’. Analyses show a significant result that: no bank is found to be overall technically efficient with all banks scoring less than one, and the private sector banks is 1.5% more technically efficient than public sector banks. Most significantly, strong ownership effect is proofed to be significant on the performance of Indian banking system.
Preeti, Supriyo Roy, Kaushik Kumar

Backmatter

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