Skip to main content
Top

Hint

Swipe to navigate through the chapters of this book

2020 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

Sustainable Modes of Mobility in New Urban Neighborhoods in UAE: Assessing Walkability and Bikability

share
SHARE

Abstract

Sustainable modes of mobility within local communities are not only enhancing the physical and mental health of the residents, but they have significant social benefits. As residents are encouraged to abandon using their cars to access locally provided amenities, they develop more cohesive social relationships within their local communities. UAE has recently adopted a sustainable development agenda that endorses eco-community development where the conventional car-dependent sprawl urban forms are being transformed into more compact ones. This new trend has been reflected in recent new designs of urban communities in which it is claimed that sustainable urbanism principles, including sustainable modes of mobility, have been considered. However, there is a lack of reliable evidence that can assess the prospective performance of these new urban forms in terms of walkability and bikability. This study compares ‘walkability’ and ‘bikability’ scores, that range from 0 to 100, in both a conventionally developed urban sprawl neighborhood, and a recently designed more compact urban neighborhood. For investigating the two modes of mobility, the UMI urban modeling simulation tool has been utilized in this study to test walkability and bikability proximity to the points of interest for the provided local amenities in each of the two case studies. Walkability and bikability scores were obtained through constructing a pedestrian/cyclist travel network and performing a series of shortest path calculations using Dijkstra’s algorithm. It has been surprisingly found out that the new neighborhood achieved lower walkability and bikability scores despite being more compact where walkability scored 61 versus 66 for the conventional sprawl case study. The same result has been found out for bikability, where the score was 85 for the former and 96 for the later. These unexpected results indicate that the new ‘compact’ design has not reached to a sufficient and appropriate degree of compactness that takes into consideration not only the Floor Area Ratio, but also other important walkability/bikability factors including catchment distances, variety and sufficiency of provided amenities, global and destination weights of amenities, street intersection densities and average block length.
Literature
go back to reference Abu Dhabi Urban Planning Council: Abu Dhabi Community Facility Planning Standards, Standards Report. Version 1.0. ADUPC, Abu Dhabi (2014a) Abu Dhabi Urban Planning Council: Abu Dhabi Community Facility Planning Standards, Standards Report. Version 1.0. ADUPC, Abu Dhabi (2014a)
go back to reference Abu Dhabi Urban Planning Council: Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual. ADUPC, Abu Dhabi (2014b) Abu Dhabi Urban Planning Council: Abu Dhabi Public Realm Design Manual. ADUPC, Abu Dhabi (2014b)
go back to reference ADHA (Abu Dhabi Housing Authority): Abu Dhabi National Housing Guidelines For Integrated Communities, Planning Guidelines. V 1.0. ADHA, Abu Dhabi (2016) ADHA (Abu Dhabi Housing Authority): Abu Dhabi National Housing Guidelines For Integrated Communities, Planning Guidelines. V 1.0. ADHA, Abu Dhabi (2016)
go back to reference Barton, H. (ed.): Sustainable Communities. Earthscan Publications Ltd., Cambridge (2000) Barton, H. (ed.): Sustainable Communities. Earthscan Publications Ltd., Cambridge (2000)
go back to reference Frey, H.: Designing the City: Towards A More Sustainable Urban Form. Spon Press, London (1999) Frey, H.: Designing the City: Towards A More Sustainable Urban Form. Spon Press, London (1999)
go back to reference Koschinsky, J., Talen, E., Alfonzo, M., Sungduck, L.: How walkable is Walker’s paradise? Environ. Plan. 44(2), 343–363 (2017) Koschinsky, J., Talen, E., Alfonzo, M., Sungduck, L.: How walkable is Walker’s paradise? Environ. Plan. 44(2), 343–363 (2017)
go back to reference Masoud, M.: Evaluation of social capital, considering sociability and walkability in urban fabrics: the case of Isfahan City, Iran, Asian. Soc. Sci. 7(10), 216–228 (2011) Masoud, M.: Evaluation of social capital, considering sociability and walkability in urban fabrics: the case of Isfahan City, Iran, Asian. Soc. Sci. 7(10), 216–228 (2011)
go back to reference Mazumdar, S., Learnihan, V., Cochrane, T., Davey, R.: The built environment and social capital: a systematic review. Environ. Behav. 50(2), 119–158 (2018) CrossRef Mazumdar, S., Learnihan, V., Cochrane, T., Davey, R.: The built environment and social capital: a systematic review. Environ. Behav. 50(2), 119–158 (2018) CrossRef
go back to reference Paranagamage, P., Price, A., Khandokar, F., Austin, S.: Urban design and social capital: lessons from a case study in Braunstone, Leicester. In: 3rd World Construction Symposium: Sustainability and Development in Built Environment Proceedings, Colombo, Sri Lanka, 20–22 June (2014) Paranagamage, P., Price, A., Khandokar, F., Austin, S.: Urban design and social capital: lessons from a case study in Braunstone, Leicester. In: 3rd World Construction Symposium: Sustainability and Development in Built Environment Proceedings, Colombo, Sri Lanka, 20–22 June (2014)
go back to reference Rogers, H., Gardner, K., Carlson, C.: Social capital and walkability as social aspects of sustainability. Sustainability 5, 3473–3483 (2013) CrossRef Rogers, H., Gardner, K., Carlson, C.: Social capital and walkability as social aspects of sustainability. Sustainability 5, 3473–3483 (2013) CrossRef
Metadata
Title
Sustainable Modes of Mobility in New Urban Neighborhoods in UAE: Assessing Walkability and Bikability
Author
Khaled Galal Ahmed
Copyright Year
2020
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-32902-0_33

Premium Partner