This volume presents a collection of rail orientated research articles, covering a variety of topics on rail operations research and management of rail systems as well as innovation, particularly focusing on sustainability aspects. The material consists of the most recent research work of the authors. The authorship is international, which makes it an interesting read for rail academics and professionals around the world. Although the material has a rail research focus the material is also excellent for preparation and delivery of rail, transport and logistics orientated courses and programmes. The target audience primarily comprises research experts in transport research, but the book may also be beneficial for graduate students alike.