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Published in: Journal of Business and Psychology 3/2022

09-06-2021 | Original Paper

Switching Gears: A Self-Regulatory Approach and Measure of Nonwork Role Re-Engagement Following After-Hours Work Intrusions

Authors: Angela R. Grotto, Maura J. Mills, Erin M. Eatough

Published in: Journal of Business and Psychology | Issue 3/2022

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Abstract

As employees’ personal lives are increasingly splintered by work demands, the boundary between work and nonwork domains is becoming ever more blurred. Grounded within a self-regulatory approach and the executive control function of inhibitory control, we operationalize and examine nonwork role re-engagement (NWRR)—the extent to which individuals can redirect attentional resources back to nonwork tasks following work-related intrusions. In phases 1 and 2, we develop and refine a psychometrically sound unidimensional measure for NWRR aligned with the self-regulatory processes of self-control and interference control underlying inhibitory control. In phase 3, we confirm the factor structure with a new sample. In phase 4 we validate the measure using the samples from phases 2 and 3 to provide evidence of criterion-related, convergent, and discriminant validity. NWRR was related to important well-being and work-related outcomes above and beyond existing self-regulatory and boundary management constructs. We offer theoretical and practical implications and an agenda to guide future research, as attentional agility becomes increasingly relevant in a home life replete with interruptions from work.
Appendix
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Footnotes
1
For the final 8-item NWRR scale, users may consider slightly rewording the lead-in and item text so the same lead-in text can be used for all eight items (“Following an intrusion from work during my nonwork hours, I am typically…”).
 
2
To rule out the alternative explanation that the outcome variables predict NWRR, we used data from sample 2 to regress NWRR on all outcome variables simultaneously. Time-based WLC was related to NWRR (β =  − .17, p = .013), but strain-based WLC was not (β =  − .11, p = .267). Emotional exhaustion was related to NWRR (β =  − .27, p = .002), but the coefficient was weaker than when tested as an outcome. Career satisfaction and work engagement were not related to NWRR (β = .08, p = .271, β = .05, p = .441). To provide further support that NWRR can positively impact well-being, we examined the correlations of both forms of WLC and emotional exhaustion with the intrusion impediment item (“Intrusions from work during my nonwork hours impede on my personal life”) using data from sample 2. The impediment item was positively correlated with time-based WLC, strain-based WLC, and emotional exhaustion (r = .369, r = .362, r = .353, p < .01, p < .01, respectively).
 
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Metadata
Title
Switching Gears: A Self-Regulatory Approach and Measure of Nonwork Role Re-Engagement Following After-Hours Work Intrusions
Authors
Angela R. Grotto
Maura J. Mills
Erin M. Eatough
Publication date
09-06-2021
Publisher
Springer US
Published in
Journal of Business and Psychology / Issue 3/2022
Print ISSN: 0889-3268
Electronic ISSN: 1573-353X
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10869-021-09754-3

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