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Published in: Journal of Materials Science 6/2019

06-12-2018 | Energy materials

Synergistic effects between Cu metal–organic framework (Cu-MOF) and carbon nanomaterials for the catalyzation of the thermal decomposition of ammonium perchlorate (AP)

Authors: Shuang Wang, Baoyun Ye, Chongwei An, Jingyu Wang, Qianbing Li

Published in: Journal of Materials Science | Issue 6/2019

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Abstract

In this study, a novel Cu-MOF@Carbon nanomaterial composite was prepared to catalyze the thermal decomposition of ammonium perchlorate (AP). The structure was characterized by using scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray energy-dispersive spectrum (EDS), and X-ray diffraction (XRD); the specific surface area was estimated by Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) method; and the pore volumes and pore size distributions were derived from the adsorption branches of isotherms using the Barrett–Joyner–Halenda (BJH) model. And the thermal decomposition behavior was investigated by using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetry analysis (TGA). The results indicated that all products showed excellent catalytic activity. Among the samples investigated here, Cu-MOF@CNT-rGO exhibited the best catalytic activity, since the high-temperature decomposition peak of AP decreased to 313.8 °C, which is reduced nearly 100 °C than the raw material (409.7 °C). And this was attributed to the high thermal and electrical conductivities of carbon nanomaterials, and the large surface area of both Cu-MOF and carbon nanomaterials. This study provides a new choice to be used as the promising catalysts in modifying the burning performance of AP-based composite propellant.

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Metadata
Title
Synergistic effects between Cu metal–organic framework (Cu-MOF) and carbon nanomaterials for the catalyzation of the thermal decomposition of ammonium perchlorate (AP)
Authors
Shuang Wang
Baoyun Ye
Chongwei An
Jingyu Wang
Qianbing Li
Publication date
06-12-2018
Publisher
Springer US
Published in
Journal of Materials Science / Issue 6/2019
Print ISSN: 0022-2461
Electronic ISSN: 1573-4803
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-018-03219-4

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