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17-06-2019 | Issue 14/2019

Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics 14/2019

Synthesis and physicochemical properties of doped nano oxides-dilute magnetic semiconductors

Journal:
Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics > Issue 14/2019
Authors:
M. B. Khanvilkar, A. K. Nikumbh, R. A. Pawar, N. J. Karale, D. V. Nighot, G. S. Gugale
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Abstract

Doped nano oxides based dilute magnetic semiconductors such as Zn0.97Fe0.03O, Ce0.8Nd0.2O2, Sn0.99Mn0.01O2, Ni0.99Fe0.01O, and γ-Fe2O3 have synthesized by the chemical coprecipitation method. These powders have been characterized with respect to compositional analysis (ICPES and EDAX), structural analysis (XRD), morphology (TEM), semiconducting properties (d.c. electrical conductivity, thermoelectric powder, and Hall effect measurements), dielectric properties and magnetization measurements (VSM and SQUID magnetometer). A slight decrease in the lattice parameter has observed for all compounds. The SAED pattern exhibited the lattice planes which indicate that the particle is crystalline with no defect. The infrared spectra of these compounds reveal two absorption bands associated with the stretching and bending vibrations. From TEM images, the average particle size of these oxides has found between 10 to 81 nm, which confirmed the nano-sized oxides have formed. The temperature of conductivity for all doped nano oxides showed a definite break which corresponding to extrinsic to intrinsic semiconducting properties. Thermoelectric power (TEP) and Hall effect measurements for all compounds are found to be n-type semiconductors. Magnetization measurement at room temperature gave a typical hysteresis loop for all compounds except Sn0.99Mn0.01O2, indicating room temperature ferromagnetism. The observed magnetism is due to the exchange interaction between the defect and magnetic dopant ions. The Sn0.99Mn0.01O2 sample showed to be antiferromagnetism. The zero-field cooled and field-cooled magnetization measurement in temperature range 5–325 K at 100 Oe confirmed the coexistence of magnetic coupling in the sample.

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