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Published in: Journal of Business and Psychology 1/2022

19-03-2021 | Original Paper

The Combined Effects of Destructive and Constructive Leadership on Thriving at Work and Behavioral Empowerment

Authors: Léandre Alexis Chénard-Poirier, Alexandre J.S. Morin, Jean-Sébastien Boudrias, Nicolas Gillet

Published in: Journal of Business and Psychology | Issue 1/2022

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Abstract

This study investigates the within-domain exacerbation phenomenon in relation to employees’ perception of their supervisors’ leadership behaviors. This phenomenon proposes that exposure to supervisors relying on a combination of destructive leadership behaviors (DLB; operationalized as petty tyranny) and constructive leadership behaviors (CLB; operationalized as transformational leadership) should have more negative consequences on followers’ levels of thriving and behavioral empowerment than exposure to supervisors relying more exclusively on DLB or CLB. This phenomenon was tested using a person-centered mixture regression approach with a sample of 2104 Canadian employees from a police organization. Three profiles of employees were identified, representing those exposed to moderately transformational (mostly CLB), destructive (mostly DLB), and inconsistent (CLB and DLB) supervisors. Members of the inconsistent profile displayed the lowest levels of thriving and behavioral empowerment, followed by members of the destructive profile, and finally by members of the moderately transformational profile. Results also suggest that the inability to determine if a supervisor is more destructive or constructive might explain the within-domain exacerbation phenomenon. Indeed, in the inconsistent profile, leadership clarification seemed beneficial for employees. Increases in DLB resulted in a matching increase in empowered behaviors centered on the group and organization, while increases in CLB resulted in increases in thriving and empowered behaviors centered on individual performance.
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Metadata
Title
The Combined Effects of Destructive and Constructive Leadership on Thriving at Work and Behavioral Empowerment
Authors
Léandre Alexis Chénard-Poirier
Alexandre J.S. Morin
Jean-Sébastien Boudrias
Nicolas Gillet
Publication date
19-03-2021
Publisher
Springer US
Published in
Journal of Business and Psychology / Issue 1/2022
Print ISSN: 0889-3268
Electronic ISSN: 1573-353X
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10869-021-09734-7

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