Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Hint

Swipe to navigate through the chapters of this book

2014 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

8. The Contact and Channel Approach (C&C2-A): Relating a System’s Physical Structure to Its Functionality

Authors: Albert Albers, Eike Wintergerst

Published in: An Anthology of Theories and Models of Design

Publisher: Springer London

share
SHARE

Abstract

Research on theories and models of design is often motivated from observations in designing, i.e. they address a specific purpose and are intended to describe, explain or predict certain phenomena that pose an unsolved challenge both for the research community and for design practitioners. This chapter is dedicated to one of these present challenges in engineering design: to explain and to provide efficient means to describe how the quality of a product’s technical functions and properties depend on the design of its physical characteristics.
Footnotes
1
Examples can be found e.g. in literature about the XiL-framework [30], where Connectors are used in automotive validation scenarios to describe interfaces and models of the external systems ‘street’, ‘environment’, ‘driver’ and ‘remaining drive-train’, e.g. for validating powertrains on a test bench that is implemented into a virtual reality.
 
Literature
1.
go back to reference Kim KM, Lee KP (2010) Two types of design approaches; regarding Industrial design and engineering design in product design. In: Proceedings of DESIGN 2010, Dubrovnik Kim KM, Lee KP (2010) Two types of design approaches; regarding Industrial design and engineering design in product design. In: Proceedings of DESIGN 2010, Dubrovnik
2.
go back to reference Albers A, Ebel B, Lohmeyer Q (2012) System of objectives in complex product development. In: Proceedings of TMCE2012, Karlsruhe Albers A, Ebel B, Lohmeyer Q (2012) System of objectives in complex product development. In: Proceedings of TMCE2012, Karlsruhe
3.
go back to reference Hacker W (1997) Improving engineering design—contributions of cognitive ergonomics, Ergonomics, 40(10):1088–1096 Hacker W (1997) Improving engineering design—contributions of cognitive ergonomics, Ergonomics, 40(10):1088–1096
4.
go back to reference Israel JH (2009) Hybride Interaktionstechniken des immersiven Skizzierens in frühen Phasen der Produktentwicklung, PhD Thesis, Berlin Israel JH (2009) Hybride Interaktionstechniken des immersiven Skizzierens in frühen Phasen der Produktentwicklung, PhD Thesis, Berlin
5.
go back to reference Eckert C, Alink T, Albers A (2010) Issue driven analysis of an existing product at different levels of abstraction. In: Proceedings of the DESIGN 2010, Dubrovnik Eckert C, Alink T, Albers A (2010) Issue driven analysis of an existing product at different levels of abstraction. In: Proceedings of the DESIGN 2010, Dubrovnik
6.
go back to reference Hacker W (2002) Denken in der Produktentwicklung VDF Hochschulverlag Zürich Hacker W (2002) Denken in der Produktentwicklung VDF Hochschulverlag Zürich
7.
go back to reference Hannah R, Joshi S, Summers JD (2012) A user study of interpretability of engineering design representations. J Eng Des 23(6):443–468 Hannah R, Joshi S, Summers JD (2012) A user study of interpretability of engineering design representations. J Eng Des 23(6):443–468
8.
go back to reference Pahl G, Beitz W, Feldhusen J, Grote KH (2007) Konstruktionslehre—Grundlagen erfolgreicher Produktentwicklung. Springer, Berlin Pahl G, Beitz W, Feldhusen J, Grote KH (2007) Konstruktionslehre—Grundlagen erfolgreicher Produktentwicklung. Springer, Berlin
9.
go back to reference Matthiesen S (2011) Seven years of product development in industry—experiences and requirements for supporting engineering design with ‘thinking tools’. In: Proceedings of ICED2011, Copenhagen Matthiesen S (2011) Seven years of product development in industry—experiences and requirements for supporting engineering design with ‘thinking tools’. In: Proceedings of ICED2011, Copenhagen
10.
go back to reference Weber C (2008) How to derive application-specific design methodologies. In: Proceedings of the design 2008, Dubrovnik Weber C (2008) How to derive application-specific design methodologies. In: Proceedings of the design 2008, Dubrovnik
11.
go back to reference Suh NP (1998) Axiomatic design theory for systems. Res Eng Design 10:189–209 CrossRef Suh NP (1998) Axiomatic design theory for systems. Res Eng Design 10:189–209 CrossRef
12.
go back to reference Lindemann U, Deubzer F (2009) Networked modelling—use and interaction of product models and methods during analysis and synthesis. In: Proceedings of the ICED 2009, Stanford Lindemann U, Deubzer F (2009) Networked modelling—use and interaction of product models and methods during analysis and synthesis. In: Proceedings of the ICED 2009, Stanford
13.
go back to reference Koller, R (1994) Konstruktionslehre für den Maschinenbau: Grundlagen zur Neu- und Weiterentwicklung technischer Produkte mit Bespielen. Springer, Berlin Koller, R (1994) Konstruktionslehre für den Maschinenbau: Grundlagen zur Neu- und Weiterentwicklung technischer Produkte mit Bespielen. Springer, Berlin
14.
go back to reference Roth KH (1994) Konstruieren mit Konstruktionskatalogen, vol 1. Springer, Berlin CrossRef Roth KH (1994) Konstruieren mit Konstruktionskatalogen, vol 1. Springer, Berlin CrossRef
15.
go back to reference Grabowski H, Geiger K (1997) Neue Wege zur Produktentwicklung. Raabe, Stuttgart Grabowski H, Geiger K (1997) Neue Wege zur Produktentwicklung. Raabe, Stuttgart
16.
go back to reference Lindemann U, Pulm U (2001) Enhanced systematics for functional product structuring. In: Proceedings of ICED2001, Glasgow Lindemann U, Pulm U (2001) Enhanced systematics for functional product structuring. In: Proceedings of ICED2001, Glasgow
18.
go back to reference Erden M, Komoto H, van Beek T, D’Amelio V, Echavarria E, Tomiyama T (2008) A review of function modelling: approaches and applications. Artif Intell Eng Des Anal Manuf 22(2):147–169 Erden M, Komoto H, van Beek T, D’Amelio V, Echavarria E, Tomiyama T (2008) A review of function modelling: approaches and applications. Artif Intell Eng Des Anal Manuf 22(2):147–169
19.
go back to reference Vermaas P (2010) Technical Functions: towards accepting different engineering meanings with one overall account. In: Proceedings of TMCE2010, Ancona Vermaas P (2010) Technical Functions: towards accepting different engineering meanings with one overall account. In: Proceedings of TMCE2010, Ancona
21.
go back to reference Lemburg JP (2009) Methodik der stufenweisen Gestaltsynthese, PhD Thesis, Aachen Lemburg JP (2009) Methodik der stufenweisen Gestaltsynthese, PhD Thesis, Aachen
22.
go back to reference Araujo CS (2001) Acquisition of product development tools in industry, PhD Thesis, 2001, Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby Araujo CS (2001) Acquisition of product development tools in industry, PhD Thesis, 2001, Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby
23.
go back to reference Eckert C, Albers A, Ohmer M (2004) Engineering in a different way: a cognitive perspective on the contact and channel model approach. In: Third international Conference on Visual and Spatial Reasoning in Design. MIT Cambridge, USA Eckert C, Albers A, Ohmer M (2004) Engineering in a different way: a cognitive perspective on the contact and channel model approach. In: Third international Conference on Visual and Spatial Reasoning in Design. MIT Cambridge, USA
24.
go back to reference Geis C, Bierhals R, Schuster I, Badke-Schaub P, Birkhofer H (2008). Methods in practice—a study on transfer of design methods. In: Proceedings of the Design 2008, Dubrovnik Geis C, Bierhals R, Schuster I, Badke-Schaub P, Birkhofer H (2008). Methods in practice—a study on transfer of design methods. In: Proceedings of the Design 2008, Dubrovnik
25.
go back to reference Albers A, Braun A, Sadowski E, Wyatt D, Wynn D, Clarkson J (2011) System architecture modelling in a software tool based on the contact and channel approach (C&C-A). J Mech Des. doi: 10.​1115/​1.​4004971 Albers A, Braun A, Sadowski E, Wyatt D, Wynn D, Clarkson J (2011) System architecture modelling in a software tool based on the contact and channel approach (C&C-A). J Mech Des. doi: 10.​1115/​1.​4004971
26.
go back to reference Albers A, Alink T, Thau S, Matthiesen S (2008) Support of system analyses and improvement in industrial design trough the contact and channel model. In: Proceedings of the DESIGN 2008, Dubrovnik Albers A, Alink T, Thau S, Matthiesen S (2008) Support of system analyses and improvement in industrial design trough the contact and channel model. In: Proceedings of the DESIGN 2008, Dubrovnik
27.
go back to reference Wyatt D, Eckert CM and Clarkson PJ (2009) Design of product architectures in incrementally developed complex products. In: ICED’09, Stanford, CA, USA, 2009, vol 4, pp 167–178 Wyatt D, Eckert CM and Clarkson PJ (2009) Design of product architectures in incrementally developed complex products. In: ICED’09, Stanford, CA, USA, 2009, vol 4, pp 167–178
29.
go back to reference Rodenacker WG, Claussen U (1973) Regeln des Methodischen Konstruierens; Mainz Rodenacker WG, Claussen U (1973) Regeln des Methodischen Konstruierens; Mainz
30.
go back to reference Albers A, Schwarz, A, Behrendt M, Hettel, R (2012) Time-efficient method for test-based optimization of technical systems using physical models. In: Proceedings of TMCE2012, Karlsruhe Albers A, Schwarz, A, Behrendt M, Hettel, R (2012) Time-efficient method for test-based optimization of technical systems using physical models. In: Proceedings of TMCE2012, Karlsruhe
31.
go back to reference Matthiesen S (2002) A contribution to the basis definition of the element model “Working Surface Pairs & Channel and Support Structures” about the correlation between layout and function of technical systems, PhD Thesis, Karlsruhe Matthiesen S (2002) A contribution to the basis definition of the element model “Working Surface Pairs & Channel and Support Structures” about the correlation between layout and function of technical systems, PhD Thesis, Karlsruhe
33.
go back to reference Albers A, Börsting P (2011) A functions catalogue to support distributed and hybrid micro systems development. In: Proceedings of HARMST 2011, Himeji Albers A, Börsting P (2011) A functions catalogue to support distributed and hybrid micro systems development. In: Proceedings of HARMST 2011, Himeji
34.
go back to reference Matthiesen S, Ruckpaul A (2012) New insights on the contact and channel approach—modelling of systems with several logical states. In: Proceedings of DESIGN 2012, Dubrovnik Matthiesen S, Ruckpaul A (2012) New insights on the contact and channel approach—modelling of systems with several logical states. In: Proceedings of DESIGN 2012, Dubrovnik
35.
go back to reference Albers A, Oerding J, Alink T (2010) Abstract objectives can become more tangible with the contact and channel model (C&CM). In: Proceedings of CIRP 2010, Nantes Albers A, Oerding J, Alink T (2010) Abstract objectives can become more tangible with the contact and channel model (C&CM). In: Proceedings of CIRP 2010, Nantes
36.
go back to reference Zingel C, Albers A, Matthiesen S, Maletz M (2012) Experiences and advancements from one year of explorative application of an integrated model-based development technique using C&C 2-A in SysML. IAENG Int J Comput Sci 39(2):165–181 Zingel C, Albers A, Matthiesen S, Maletz M (2012) Experiences and advancements from one year of explorative application of an integrated model-based development technique using C&C 2-A in SysML. IAENG Int J Comput Sci 39(2):165–181
Metadata
Title
The Contact and Channel Approach (C&C2-A): Relating a System’s Physical Structure to Its Functionality
Authors
Albert Albers
Eike Wintergerst
Copyright Year
2014
Publisher
Springer London
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4471-6338-1_8

Premium Partners