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2023 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

5. The Effect of Earthquake Damages Created by Shaking Table Tests on Dynamic Characteristics of Masonry Structures

Authors : Ali Kaya, Boudjamaa Roudane, Ahmet Can Altunışık, Suleyman Adanur

Published in: Advances in Smart Materials and Innovative Buildings Construction Systems

Publisher: Springer Nature Switzerland

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Abstract

Masonry constructions are edifices created through the amalgamation of fragile substances like stones, bricks, and pumice utilizing mortar. The masonry structures, which do not show the desired ductile behavior against dynamic effects, show a brittle behavior. In scenarios like earthquakes, when masonry structures surpass their load-bearing capabilities, this circumstance leads to heavy damage. Knowing the dynamic behavior of masonry constructions will help to take precaution to minimize the loss of life and property, since a significant part of people live in masonry buildings. Both analytical and experimental methods are employed to determine the damping ratios, natural frequencies and mode shapes of the buildings. which depend on the dynamic properties of the structures subjected to dynamic loads. This study explored variations in the dynamic attributes of a half-scale, single-span, and single-story masonry model constructed with hollow bricks under various damage scenarios. To acquire varying levels of damage cases, the model is tested on a shaking table with gradually different earthquake data. To observe the earthquake damages experimentally, the modal parameters of the masonry model were ascertained through ambient vibration tests conducted under both intact and impaired conditions. Also, A nonlinear analytical one-story masonry model is developed using finite element ABAQUS software with macro modelling methodology for examining the characteristics of masonry models subjected to different earthquakes. Six different test cases using same model are investigated analytically.

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Metadata
Title
The Effect of Earthquake Damages Created by Shaking Table Tests on Dynamic Characteristics of Masonry Structures
Authors
Ali Kaya
Boudjamaa Roudane
Ahmet Can Altunışık
Suleyman Adanur
Copyright Year
2023
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-47428-6_5