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01-04-2014 | Issue 3/2014

Quality of Life Research 3/2014

The impact of severe preeclampsia on maternal quality of life

Journal:
Quality of Life Research > Issue 3/2014
Authors:
Christina Stern, Eva-Maria Trapp, Eva Mautner, Maria Deutsch, Uwe Lang, Mila Cervar-Zivkovic
Important notes
Stern Christina and Trapp Eva-Maria have contributed equally to this article.

Abstract

Purpose

Preeclampsia (PE) is a serious life event that can change women’s psychological profile. The aim of this study was to evaluate the physical and mental health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) in women after PE and the impact of contributing factors.

Methods

Ninety-five women who had suffered from PE answered the Short-Form-12 Health Survey on general state of health. Comparison was made with the reference values and among the study cohorts, namely mild (14.7 %), severe (74.7 %) and superimposed PE (10.5 %). Medical parameters were evaluated as additional factors, and age served as covariate.

Results

Quality of mental life was significantly worse in all patients (p < 0.01), especially in those after severe PE (p < 0.01) compared to the reference range. These women demonstrated significantly worse results than those affected by the mild form (p = 0.03). Women who had had superimposed PE were neither physically nor mentally impaired compared to the standard population values (p = 0.94 and p = 0.90, respectively). After controlling for medical parameters and age, differences remained statistically significant. Multiparous women scored significantly worse on the mental scale than primiparous (p = 0.02), and pregnant women scored significantly worse than non-pregnant women on the physical level (p = 0.04).

Conclusions

This study shows that women who have suffered from severe PE are substantially reduced in their mental quality of life. An extensive medical care including HR-QoL parameters might improve pregnancy outcome.

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