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2018 | Book

The Management of Additive Manufacturing

Enhancing Business Value


About this book

This book introduces readers to additive technology and its application in different business sectors. It explores the fundamental impact additive has on technology, particularly on operations, innovation, supply chains, the environment and customer relations. Subsequently, on the basis of a broad survey of the best technology adopters, it offers advice on how to enhance business value by implementing the technology in different industrial and commercial environments.

Additive manufacturing (AM) is a new area of manufacturing that has already brought about phenomenal changes to industry and business models. It affects nearly all aspects of the managerial and organizational thinking that was applied to conventional manufacturing. Currently, the technology is being adopted in manufacturing areas that involve high-value products with complex geometries, and small to medium production volumes. It boosts the productivity of new product development processes by slashing costs, reducing time and promoting creativity and innovativeness. Further, it shrinks supply chains by bringing firms closer to their customers. This unique book offers abundant empirical and practical evidence confirming the value of this new technology.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1. What Is Additive Manufacturing? Additive Systems, Processes and Materials
This chapter introduces the current status of additive technologies. It initially discusses various terminologies used by researchers and practitioners to define this emerging technology, in order to reach the most appropriate phrase.
Mojtaba Khorram Niaki, Fabio Nonino
Chapter 2. Industries and Applications
This chapter provides details of AM application sectors. It starts with the status of the technology in the global economic market and goes on to discuss three leading application sectors, namely the healthcare, automotive and aerospace industries as well as applications relating to consumer goods. Empirical evidence and the status of AM implementation in these industries is thoroughly described. It also outlines the main advantages to each industry of adopting AM technologies. The chapter discusses other application sectors as well, including building and architecture, food, and pharmaceutical industries along with applications for education and research institutes.
Mojtaba Khorram Niaki, Fabio Nonino
Chapter 3. The Value for Sustainability
Forced by competition, by international and national politics and by the “green paradigm”, in recent decades managers have been increasingly considering the sustainability aspects of value creation. Sustainability, or perhaps better, sustainable development “involves the simultaneous pursuit of economic prosperity, environmental quality, and social equity” (Elkington, 2002) while sustainable manufacturing (see Sect. 4.​2) refers to the creation of manufactured products that use processes that are non-polluting, conserve energy and natural resources, and are economically sound and safe for employees, communities, and consumers alike. In an integrational perspective, the key characteristic is the integration of economic, environmental, and social aspects, and the relationships between them (Lozano in J Cleaner Product 16:1838–1846, 2008).
Mojtaba Khorram Niaki, Fabio Nonino
Chapter 4. The Value for Business and Operations Strategy
This chapter begins with a discussion of the value of AM for business strategies, and describes the impacts it has on a firm’s competitiveness. It then shows how AM can drive creativity and innovation, and the nature of the innovation that may occur thanks to AM. Then, the capability of the technology to offer new online services is explained.
Mojtaba Khorram Niaki, Fabio Nonino
Chapter 5. The Value for Operations
Three fundamental processes in manufacturing organizations are new product development, manufacturing (processing of materials) and logistics (material handling). Nevertheless, the effects of the introduction of AM technologies exist outside the company boundaries and influence the whole of the supply chain. This chapter begins by discussing the value for the new product development process, and goes on to explain the new design methodology for AM technologies and the exclusive benefits that AM brings to the design process.
Mojtaba Khorram Niaki, Fabio Nonino
Chapter 6. Strategic Alignment of Additive Manufacturing
Previous chapters underlined the value of AM to industry, business and operation strategies, and manufacturing and operations. Regarding the general impacts, our survey results (illustrated in the exhibits) identify and confirm the positive impacts on time, cost, quality, environment and business flexibility performance. It is not feasible to identify a specific factor common to all circumstances, or to generalize all the factors to a specific circumstance. The chapter proposes a framework containing some of the building blocks necessary for the strategic alignment of a company’s business model with the adoption of AM. It discusses business and operations strategies for introducing additive technologies and continues with identifying contingency factors driving AM performance. These factors are categorized as organizational, operational, and products’ characteristics. The chapter ends with an economic analysis providing the detail of break-even analysis to identify economically sustainable production volumes.
Mojtaba Khorram Niaki, Fabio Nonino
Chapter 7. Selection and Implementation of Additive Manufacturing
Potential AM adopters can recognize the suitability of AM technology to their circumstance through the analysis provided in pervious chapter. This chapter discusses the technology selection and implementation processes. It begins with an analysis of the technology and then attempts to depict the future of AM technology. It describes the future possible beneficiaries of this technology and introduces the process for AM technology selection. It presents appropriate selection criteria and proposes a process for selecting a system from among the different manufacturing technologies available as well as selecting from different AM technologies. The chapter goes on to describe the implementation process for AM technologies in an organization. A detailed discussion on the changes required in an organization, its operations and supply chains is provided. As for the operational changes, the chapter analyzes the design process, production planning and control, quality control, and the role of the Internet of Things (IoT) in implementation.
Mojtaba Khorram Niaki, Fabio Nonino
The Management of Additive Manufacturing
Mojtaba Khorram Niaki
Fabio Nonino
Copyright Year
Electronic ISBN
Print ISBN

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