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2022 | Book

The New Age of Development

The Geopolitical Assertion of Eurasia


About this book

This book focuses on current trends in development, arguing that the digital revolution will shape today’s race for global supremacy. The volume explores how the technological race, driven by AI advances, will decisively contribute to shaping a new world order. Every leap in technological advancement changes the rules of the game and initiate new cycles of economic growth. The main argument of the authors is that these changes are particularly intense in Eurasia, the main geopolitical hotspot at the moment. Starting from recent statistical data, the authors underline this new ascent of the Asian continent - a shift that can be best described as a historical change of relay not between two countries, but between two continents. Lastly, the volume discusses the consequences of these shifts in power and influence, by reflecting on the possible new world order to follow. Effectively providing an overview of the challenges that will decisively shape future geopolitical relations, this volume will be of use to researchers and students interested in globalization studies, international relations, geopolitics, and development.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1. AI First
Why do we start this book with a chapter on the digital revolution? Because we consider it the most important phenomenon of the first part of our century. It seems to be a predominantly technical problem; in reality, it is a political phenomenon of prime importance, with a decisive impact on contemporary development. All the technological revolutions of the modern period have consecrated a power of the moment. The first technological revolution imposed Britain as the dominant power. Then the center of gravity of technological innovation moved across the ocean, and the USA became the undisputed superpower of the twentieth century. We are of the digital revolution. According to the data highlighted by this beginning of a century, it seems that the new revolution will surpass the others in scale and impact and will reshape the world spectacularly and especially extremely fast. We note in favor of the above statement two really shocking examples.
Paul Dobrescu, Flavia Durach
Chapter 2. The Can-Do Power
If today there is agreement on one fundamental thing, it refers to the fact that the world is not evolving well. And this, regardless of whether this characterization refers to realities within or between states, to political or social issues, to short-term or long-term ones. An atmosphere of mistrust and uncertainty has set in recent years, which we can only understand as a result of a major confluence of several trends; some in the process of exhaustion, others just beginning, but all suggesting that they are out of control. The pandemic has only developed the state of the world today and strengthened the atmosphere of uncertainty we were talking about.
Paul Dobrescu, Flavia Durach
Chapter 3. “The Successive Discredits” of the Western Vision of Development
The International order is, after all, a balance of power. When this balance shifts, the order weakens. The question is not so much why the international order is changing, but how has the balance of power changed so quickly? We will find that the real root of the change in the international order is represented by the different pace of development recorded by various countries, which has made today’s world look completely different from the one at the end of the Cold War. Here, in the field of development and of the factors that propel this process, we can identify the core of the problems facing the current international order. It is a perspective that, in our opinion, better highlights what is happening in the international arena, the transformations that can be foreseen for the next period. How can an “international coat” (order) fit much-changed state and regional contours? It is clear: by changing the structure of global power, the international order will follow the same trend. Sooner or later, the international order will change and will hold for the Western world the importance this world will have in economic, technological, cultural terms. Indisputably, there will be exceptions, deviations from this basic rule, but in its essence, the correlation will be observed.
Paul Dobrescu, Flavia Durach
Chapter 4. The Supply Chains: The Battle Is for Control, Not for Liberalization!
Five hundred years ago, Venice’s intense trade with East Asia gave birth to a thought that we ignore too easily. “Whoever is Lord of Malacca, has his hand on the throat of Venice” (Words attributed to the Portuguese Tomé Pires, who lived for three years in Malacca, during the time when the strait was controlled by Portugal in the sixteenth century). “The world’s busiest strait” (Malacca connects the Indian and the Pacific Oceans) had power of control over the first European trading power (Venice), which the people of those times did not deny. The words above also contain a warning. The commercial thread of that time has taken today the form of complex supply chains. Can the “Malacca” of modern supply chains no longer get its hands on the throat of any world economy?
Paul Dobrescu, Flavia Durach
Chapter 5. Eurasia’s Geopolitical Development
If we could imagine a force with cosmic powers determined to test the state of the world today, then the litmus test sheet was the pandemic. It is the true scan of today’s world, with its strengths and great syncope, its structural imbalances and weaknesses. It is as if nothing remained unexamined and unrevealed. Let’s not hurry, the pandemic is not exhausted at all. We would even say that, in terms of consequences, it has not even peaked! In just a few years, today’s world will be so changed that it will be hardly recognizable. The pandemic has played the role of a true history accelerator.
Paul Dobrescu, Flavia Durach
Chapter 6. Romania: 30 Years of Improvisation
Every important era means a new gong for the development race; societies are invited to decipher the nature of the new periods and to find appropriate answers. This is the lesson that history keeps “teaching,” especially in the modern age. Whoever “reads” well what is unfolding succeeds. And, of course, whoever is more determined, more decisive.
Paul Dobrescu, Flavia Durach
The New Age of Development
Paul Dobrescu
Flavia Durach
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