Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Hint

Swipe to navigate through the articles of this issue

Published in: Journal of Business and Psychology 5/2022

01-03-2022 | Original Paper

The Relative Importance and Interaction of Contextual and Methodological Predictors of Mean rWG for Work Climate

Authors: Michael J. Burke, Kristin Smith-Crowe, Maura I. Burke, Ayala Cohen, Etti Doveh, Shuhua Sun

Published in: Journal of Business and Psychology | Issue 5/2022

Login to get access
share
SHARE

Abstract

A variety of collective phenomena are understood to exist to the extent that workers agree on their perceptions of the phenomena, such as perceptions of their organization’s climate or perceptions of their team’s mental model. Researchers conducting group-level studies of such phenomena measure individuals’ perceptions via surveys and then aggregate data to the group level if the mean within-group agreement for a sample of groups is sufficiently high. Despite this widespread practice, we know little about the factors potentially affecting mean within-group agreement. Here, focusing on work climate, we report an investigation of a number of expected contextual (social interaction) and methodological predictors of mean rWG, a common statistic for judging within-group agreement in applied psychology and management research. We used the novel approach of meta-CART, which allowed us to assess the relative importance and possible interactions of the predictor variables. Notably, mean rWG values are driven by both contextual (average number of individuals per group and cultural individualism-collectivism) and methodological factors (the number of items in a scale and scale reliability). Our findings are largely consistent with expectations concerning how social interaction affects within-group agreement and psychometric arguments regarding why adding more items to a scale will not necessarily increase the magnitude of an index based on a Spearman-Brown “stepped-up correction.” We discuss the key insights from our results, which are relevant to the study of multilevel phenomena relying on the aggregation of individual-level data and informative for how meta-analytic researchers can simultaneously examine multiple moderator variables.
Appendix
Available only for authorised users
Literature
go back to reference Abdelhadi, N., & Drach-Zahavy, A. (2012). Promoting patientcare: Work engagement as a mediator between ward service climate and patient-centered care. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 68, 1276–1287. PubMedCrossRef Abdelhadi, N., & Drach-Zahavy, A. (2012). Promoting patientcare: Work engagement as a mediator between ward service climate and patient-centered care. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 68, 1276–1287. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference *Afsharian, A., Zadow, A., Dollard, M. F., Dormann, C., & Ziaian, T. (2018). Should psychosocial safety climate theory be extended to include climate strength? Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 23, 496–507. PubMedCrossRef *Afsharian, A., Zadow, A., Dollard, M. F., Dormann, C., & Ziaian, T. (2018). Should psychosocial safety climate theory be extended to include climate strength? Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 23, 496–507. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference *Alfes, K., Shantz, A. D., & Ritz, A. (2018). A multilevel examination of the relationship between role overload and employee subjective health: The buffering effect of support climates. Human Resource Management, 57, 659–673. CrossRef *Alfes, K., Shantz, A. D., & Ritz, A. (2018). A multilevel examination of the relationship between role overload and employee subjective health: The buffering effect of support climates. Human Resource Management, 57, 659–673. CrossRef
go back to reference Allen, M. J., & Yen, W. M. (1979). Introduction to measurement theory. Brooks/Cole Publishing Company. Allen, M. J., & Yen, W. M. (1979). Introduction to measurement theory. Brooks/Cole Publishing Company.
go back to reference *Ambrose, M. L., Schminke, M., & Mayer, D. M. (2013). Trickle-down effects of supervisor perceptions of interactional justice: A moderated mediation approach. Journal of Applied Psychology, 98, 678–689. PubMedCrossRef *Ambrose, M. L., Schminke, M., & Mayer, D. M. (2013). Trickle-down effects of supervisor perceptions of interactional justice: A moderated mediation approach. Journal of Applied Psychology, 98, 678–689. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference *Anderson, N. R., & West, M. A. (1998). Measuring climate for work group innovation: Development and validation of the team climate inventory. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 19, 235–258. CrossRef *Anderson, N. R., & West, M. A. (1998). Measuring climate for work group innovation: Development and validation of the team climate inventory. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 19, 235–258. CrossRef
go back to reference *Auh, S., Menguc, B., & Jung, Y. S. (2014). Unpacking the relationship between empowering leadership and service-oriented citizenship behaviors: A multilevel approach. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 42, 558–579. CrossRef *Auh, S., Menguc, B., & Jung, Y. S. (2014). Unpacking the relationship between empowering leadership and service-oriented citizenship behaviors: A multilevel approach. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 42, 558–579. CrossRef
go back to reference *Bai, Y., Lin, L., & Liu, J. T. (2017). Leveraging the employee voice: A multi-level social learning perspective of ethical leadership. The International Journal of Human Resource Management. *Bai, Y., Lin, L., & Liu, J. T. (2017). Leveraging the employee voice: A multi-level social learning perspective of ethical leadership. The International Journal of Human Resource Management.
go back to reference *Bain, P. G., Mann, L., & Pirola-Merlo, A. (2001). The innovation imperative: The relationships between team climate, innovation, and performance in research and development teams. Small Group Research, 32, 55–73. CrossRef *Bain, P. G., Mann, L., & Pirola-Merlo, A. (2001). The innovation imperative: The relationships between team climate, innovation, and performance in research and development teams. Small Group Research, 32, 55–73. CrossRef
go back to reference Bandalos, D., & Enders, C. (1996). The effects of nonnormality and number of response categories on reliability. Applied Measurement in Education, 9, 151–160. CrossRef Bandalos, D., & Enders, C. (1996). The effects of nonnormality and number of response categories on reliability. Applied Measurement in Education, 9, 151–160. CrossRef
go back to reference *Berson, Y., Da’as, R., & Waldman, D. (2015). How do leaders and their teams bring about organizational learning and outcomes? Personnel Psychology, 68, 79–108. CrossRef *Berson, Y., Da’as, R., & Waldman, D. (2015). How do leaders and their teams bring about organizational learning and outcomes? Personnel Psychology, 68, 79–108. CrossRef
go back to reference Biemann, T., Cole, M. S., & Voelpel, S. (2012). Within-group agreement: On the use (and misues) of r WG and rWG( J) in leadership research and some best practice guidelines. The Leadership Quarterly, 23, 66–80. CrossRef Biemann, T., Cole, M. S., & Voelpel, S. (2012). Within-group agreement: On the use (and misues) of r WG and rWG( J) in leadership research and some best practice guidelines. The Leadership Quarterly, 23, 66–80. CrossRef
go back to reference Biemann, T., Ellwart, T., & Rack, O. (2014). Quatifying similarity of team mental models: An introduction of the rRG index. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 17, 125–140. CrossRef Biemann, T., Ellwart, T., & Rack, O. (2014). Quatifying similarity of team mental models: An introduction of the rRG index. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 17, 125–140. CrossRef
go back to reference *Bilinska, P., Wegge, J., & Kliegel, M. (2016). Caring for the elderly but not for one’s own old employees? Journal of Personnel Psychology, 15(3), 95–105. CrossRef *Bilinska, P., Wegge, J., & Kliegel, M. (2016). Caring for the elderly but not for one’s own old employees? Journal of Personnel Psychology, 15(3), 95–105. CrossRef
go back to reference *Bin, D.A. (2018). Organizational climate and climate strength: Three essays. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Lausanne, Switzerland. *Bin, D.A. (2018). Organizational climate and climate strength: Three essays. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Lausanne, Switzerland.
go back to reference *Binci, D. (2011). Climate for innovation and ICT implementation effectiveness: A missing link in Italian e-government projects. International Journal of Public Administration, 34, 49–53. CrossRef *Binci, D. (2011). Climate for innovation and ICT implementation effectiveness: A missing link in Italian e-government projects. International Journal of Public Administration, 34, 49–53. CrossRef
go back to reference Bliese, P. D. (2000). Within-group agreement, non-independence, and reliability: Implications for data aggregation and analysis. In K. J. Klein & S. W. Kozlowski (Eds.), Multilevel theory, research, and methods in organizations (pp. 349–381). Jossey-Bass. Bliese, P. D. (2000). Within-group agreement, non-independence, and reliability: Implications for data aggregation and analysis. In K. J. Klein & S. W. Kozlowski (Eds.), Multilevel theory, research, and methods in organizations (pp. 349–381). Jossey-Bass.
go back to reference *Bodla, A.A., Tang, N., Jiang, W., & Tian, L. (2016). Diversity and creativity in cross-national teams: The role of team knowledge sharing and inclusive climate. Journal of Management and Organization, 1–19. *Bodla, A.A., Tang, N., Jiang, W., & Tian, L. (2016). Diversity and creativity in cross-national teams: The role of team knowledge sharing and inclusive climate. Journal of Management and Organization, 1–19.
go back to reference *Boehm, S. A., Dwertmann, D. J. G., Bruch, H., & Shamir, B. (2015). The missing link? Investigating organizational identity strength and transformational leadership climate as mechanisms that connect CEO charisma with firm performance. The Leadership Quarterly, 26, 156–171. CrossRef *Boehm, S. A., Dwertmann, D. J. G., Bruch, H., & Shamir, B. (2015). The missing link? Investigating organizational identity strength and transformational leadership climate as mechanisms that connect CEO charisma with firm performance. The Leadership Quarterly, 26, 156–171. CrossRef
go back to reference Bogaert, S., Boone, C., & van Witteloostuijn, A. (2012). Social value orientation and climate strength as moderators of the impact of work group cooperative climate on affective commitment. Journal of Management Studies, 49, 918–944. CrossRef Bogaert, S., Boone, C., & van Witteloostuijn, A. (2012). Social value orientation and climate strength as moderators of the impact of work group cooperative climate on affective commitment. Journal of Management Studies, 49, 918–944. CrossRef
go back to reference Borman, W. C., Kubisiak, C., & Schneider, R. J. (1999). Work styles. In N. G. Peterson, M. D. Mumford, W. C. Borman, P. R. Jeanneret, & E. A. Fleishman (Eds.), An occupational information system for the 21st century: The development of O*NET (pp. 213–226). American Psychological Association. CrossRef Borman, W. C., Kubisiak, C., & Schneider, R. J. (1999). Work styles. In N. G. Peterson, M. D. Mumford, W. C. Borman, P. R. Jeanneret, & E. A. Fleishman (Eds.), An occupational information system for the 21st century: The development of O*NET (pp. 213–226). American Psychological Association. CrossRef
go back to reference *Bornay-Barrachina, M., & Herrero, I. (2018). Team creative environment as a mediator between CWX and R&D team performance and moderating boundary conditions. Journal of Business and Psychology, 33, 311–323. PubMedCrossRef *Bornay-Barrachina, M., & Herrero, I. (2018). Team creative environment as a mediator between CWX and R&D team performance and moderating boundary conditions. Journal of Business and Psychology, 33, 311–323. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference *Borucki, C. C., & Burke, M. J. (1999). An examination of service-related antecedents to retail store performance. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 20, 943–962. CrossRef *Borucki, C. C., & Burke, M. J. (1999). An examination of service-related antecedents to retail store performance. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 20, 943–962. CrossRef
go back to reference *Bosak, J., Dawson, J., Flood, P., & Peccei, R. (2017). Employee involvement climate and climate strength: A study of employee attitudes and organizational effectiveness in UK hospitals. Journal of Organizational Effectiveness: People and Performance, 4, 18–38. CrossRef *Bosak, J., Dawson, J., Flood, P., & Peccei, R. (2017). Employee involvement climate and climate strength: A study of employee attitudes and organizational effectiveness in UK hospitals. Journal of Organizational Effectiveness: People and Performance, 4, 18–38. CrossRef
go back to reference *Bosak, J., Fu, N., Ma, Q., & Flood, P. (2016). Intellectual capital and organizational ambidexterity in Chinese and Irish professional service firms. Journal of Organizational Effectiveness: People and Performance, 3, 94–114. CrossRef *Bosak, J., Fu, N., Ma, Q., & Flood, P. (2016). Intellectual capital and organizational ambidexterity in Chinese and Irish professional service firms. Journal of Organizational Effectiveness: People and Performance, 3, 94–114. CrossRef
go back to reference *Boyce, A.S. (2010). Organizational climate and performance: An examination of causal priority. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI. *Boyce, A.S. (2010). Organizational climate and performance: An examination of causal priority. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI.
go back to reference *Brahm, T., & Kunze, F. (2012). The role of trust climate in virtual teams. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 27, 595–614. CrossRef *Brahm, T., & Kunze, F. (2012). The role of trust climate in virtual teams. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 27, 595–614. CrossRef
go back to reference Brieman, L., Friedman, J. H., Olshen, R. A., & Stone, C. J. (1998). Classification and regression trees. Chapman and Hall/CRC. Brieman, L., Friedman, J. H., Olshen, R. A., & Stone, C. J. (1998). Classification and regression trees. Chapman and Hall/CRC.
go back to reference *Bronkhorst, B., & Vermeeren, B. (2016). Safety climate, worker health and organizational health performance. International Journal of Workplace Health Management, 9(270), 289. *Bronkhorst, B., & Vermeeren, B. (2016). Safety climate, worker health and organizational health performance. International Journal of Workplace Health Management, 9(270), 289.
go back to reference Brown, R. D., & Hauenstein, N. M. A. (2005). Interrater agreement reconsidered: An alternative to the rWG indices. Organizational Research Methods, 8(2), 165–184. CrossRef Brown, R. D., & Hauenstein, N. M. A. (2005). Interrater agreement reconsidered: An alternative to the rWG indices. Organizational Research Methods, 8(2), 165–184. CrossRef
go back to reference Burke, M. J., Chan-Serafin, S., Salvador, R., Smith, A., & Sarpy, S. (2008). The role of national culture and organizational climate in safety training effectiveness. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 17, 133–154. CrossRef Burke, M. J., Chan-Serafin, S., Salvador, R., Smith, A., & Sarpy, S. (2008). The role of national culture and organizational climate in safety training effectiveness. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 17, 133–154. CrossRef
go back to reference Burke, M. J., Cohen, A., Doveh, E., & Smith-Crowe, K. (2018). Central tendency and matched difference approaches for assessing interrater agreement. Journal of Applied Psychology, 103, 1198–1229. PubMedCrossRef Burke, M. J., Cohen, A., Doveh, E., & Smith-Crowe, K. (2018). Central tendency and matched difference approaches for assessing interrater agreement. Journal of Applied Psychology, 103, 1198–1229. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Burke, M. J., Finkelstein, L. M., & Dusig, M. S. (1999). On average deviation indices for estimating interrater agreement. Organizational Research Methods, 2, 49–68. CrossRef Burke, M. J., Finkelstein, L. M., & Dusig, M. S. (1999). On average deviation indices for estimating interrater agreement. Organizational Research Methods, 2, 49–68. CrossRef
go back to reference Burke, M. I., Landis, R. L., & Burke, M. J. (2017). Estimating group-level relationships: General recommendations and considerations for the use of intraclass correlation coefficients. Journal of Business and Psychology, 32, 611–626. CrossRef Burke, M. I., Landis, R. L., & Burke, M. J. (2017). Estimating group-level relationships: General recommendations and considerations for the use of intraclass correlation coefficients. Journal of Business and Psychology, 32, 611–626. CrossRef
go back to reference *Buvik, M. P., & Tvedt, S. D. (2016). The impact of commitment and climate strength on the relationship between trust and performance in cross-functional project teams: A moderated mediation analysis. Team Performance Management, 22, 114–138. CrossRef *Buvik, M. P., & Tvedt, S. D. (2016). The impact of commitment and climate strength on the relationship between trust and performance in cross-functional project teams: A moderated mediation analysis. Team Performance Management, 22, 114–138. CrossRef
go back to reference *Carrasco, H., Martínez-Tur, V., Peiró, J. M., & Moliner, C. (2012). Validation of a measure of service climate in organizations. Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 28, 69–80. *Carrasco, H., Martínez-Tur, V., Peiró, J. M., & Moliner, C. (2012). Validation of a measure of service climate in organizations. Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 28, 69–80.
go back to reference Chan, D. (1998). Functional relations among constructs in the same content domain at different levels of analysis: A typology of composition models. Journal of Applied Psychology, 83, 234–246. CrossRef Chan, D. (1998). Functional relations among constructs in the same content domain at different levels of analysis: A typology of composition models. Journal of Applied Psychology, 83, 234–246. CrossRef
go back to reference *Chen, S., Zhang, G., Zhang, A., & Xu, J. (2016). Collectivism-oriented human resource management and innovation performance: An examination of team reflexivity and team psychological safety. Journal of Management & Organization, 22, 535–554. CrossRef *Chen, S., Zhang, G., Zhang, A., & Xu, J. (2016). Collectivism-oriented human resource management and innovation performance: An examination of team reflexivity and team psychological safety. Journal of Management & Organization, 22, 535–554. CrossRef
go back to reference *Chen, X. P., Liu, D., & Portnoy, R. (2012). A multilevel investigation of motivational cultural intelligence, organizational diversity climate, and cultural sales: Evidence from U.S. real estate firms. Journal of Applied Psychology, 97, 93–106. PubMedCrossRef *Chen, X. P., Liu, D., & Portnoy, R. (2012). A multilevel investigation of motivational cultural intelligence, organizational diversity climate, and cultural sales: Evidence from U.S. real estate firms. Journal of Applied Psychology, 97, 93–106. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference *Chuang, C., & Liao, H. (2010). Strategic human resource management in service context: Taking care of business by taking care of employees and customers. Personnel Psychology, 63, 153–196. CrossRef *Chuang, C., & Liao, H. (2010). Strategic human resource management in service context: Taking care of business by taking care of employees and customers. Personnel Psychology, 63, 153–196. CrossRef
go back to reference *Cole, M. S., Carter, M., & Zhang, Z. (2013). Leader-team congruence in power distance values and team effectiveness: The mediating role of procedural justice climate. Journal of Applied Psychology, 98, 962–973. PubMedCrossRef *Cole, M. S., Carter, M., & Zhang, Z. (2013). Leader-team congruence in power distance values and team effectiveness: The mediating role of procedural justice climate. Journal of Applied Psychology, 98, 962–973. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Colquitt, J. A., Noe, R. A., & Jackson, C. L. (2002). Justice in teams: Antecedents and consequences of procedural justice climate. Personnel Psychology, 55, 83–109. CrossRef Colquitt, J. A., Noe, R. A., & Jackson, C. L. (2002). Justice in teams: Antecedents and consequences of procedural justice climate. Personnel Psychology, 55, 83–109. CrossRef
go back to reference *Costa, A. C. (2003). Work team trust and effectiveness. Personnel Review, 32, 605–622. CrossRef *Costa, A. C. (2003). Work team trust and effectiveness. Personnel Review, 32, 605–622. CrossRef
go back to reference *Darr, W., & Johns, G. (2004). Political decision-making climates: Theoretical processes and multi-level antecedents. Human Relations, 57, 169–200. CrossRef *Darr, W., & Johns, G. (2004). Political decision-making climates: Theoretical processes and multi-level antecedents. Human Relations, 57, 169–200. CrossRef
go back to reference *de Jong, A., de Ruyter, K., & Lemmink, J. (2005). Service climate in self-managing teams: Mapping the linkage of team member perceptions and service performance outcomes in a business-to-business setting. Journal of Management Studies, 42, 1593–1620. CrossRef *de Jong, A., de Ruyter, K., & Lemmink, J. (2005). Service climate in self-managing teams: Mapping the linkage of team member perceptions and service performance outcomes in a business-to-business setting. Journal of Management Studies, 42, 1593–1620. CrossRef
go back to reference *Dietz, J., Pugh, S. D., & Wiley, J. (2004). Service climate effects on customer attitudes: An examination of boundary conditions. Academy of Management Journal, 47, 81–92. *Dietz, J., Pugh, S. D., & Wiley, J. (2004). Service climate effects on customer attitudes: An examination of boundary conditions. Academy of Management Journal, 47, 81–92.
go back to reference *Ehrhart, M. G. (2004). Leadership and procedural justice climate as antecedents of unit-level organizational citizenship behavior. Personnel Psychology, 57, 61–94. CrossRef *Ehrhart, M. G. (2004). Leadership and procedural justice climate as antecedents of unit-level organizational citizenship behavior. Personnel Psychology, 57, 61–94. CrossRef
go back to reference *Eisenbeiss, S., Knippenberg, D. V., & Boerner, S. (2008). Transformational leadership and team innovation: Integrating team climate principles. Journal of Applied Psychology, 93, 1438–1446. PubMedCrossRef *Eisenbeiss, S., Knippenberg, D. V., & Boerner, S. (2008). Transformational leadership and team innovation: Integrating team climate principles. Journal of Applied Psychology, 93, 1438–1446. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference *Elche, D., Ruiz-Palomino, P., & Linuesa-Langreo, J. (2020). Servant leadership and organizational citizenship behavior: The mediating effect of empathy and service climate. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 32, 2035–2053. CrossRef *Elche, D., Ruiz-Palomino, P., & Linuesa-Langreo, J. (2020). Servant leadership and organizational citizenship behavior: The mediating effect of empathy and service climate. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 32, 2035–2053. CrossRef
go back to reference Enders, C., & Bandalos, D. (1999). The effects of heterogeneous item distributions on reliability. Applied Measurement in Education, 12, 133–150. CrossRef Enders, C., & Bandalos, D. (1999). The effects of heterogeneous item distributions on reliability. Applied Measurement in Education, 12, 133–150. CrossRef
go back to reference *Frazier, M. L., & Bowler, W. M. (2015). Voice climate, supervisor undermining, and work outcomes: A group-level examination. Journal of Management, 41, 841–863. CrossRef *Frazier, M. L., & Bowler, W. M. (2015). Voice climate, supervisor undermining, and work outcomes: A group-level examination. Journal of Management, 41, 841–863. CrossRef
go back to reference *Frazier, M. L., & Fainshmidt, S. (2012). Voice climate, work outcomes, and the mediating role of psychological empowerment: A multilevel examination. Group & Organization Management, 37, 691–715. CrossRef *Frazier, M. L., & Fainshmidt, S. (2012). Voice climate, work outcomes, and the mediating role of psychological empowerment: A multilevel examination. Group & Organization Management, 37, 691–715. CrossRef
go back to reference *Gelade, G. A., & Young, S. (2005). Test of a service profit chain model in the retail-banking sector. Journal of Occupational & Organizational Psychology, 78, 1–22. CrossRef *Gelade, G. A., & Young, S. (2005). Test of a service profit chain model in the retail-banking sector. Journal of Occupational & Organizational Psychology, 78, 1–22. CrossRef
go back to reference *Getachew, D. S., & Zhou, E. (2018). The influences of transformational leadership on collective efficacy: The moderating role of perceived organizational support. The International Journal of Organizational Innovation, 10, 7–15. *Getachew, D. S., & Zhou, E. (2018). The influences of transformational leadership on collective efficacy: The moderating role of perceived organizational support. The International Journal of Organizational Innovation, 10, 7–15.
go back to reference Ginsburg, L., & Oore, D. G. (2016). Patient safety climate strength: A concept that requires more attention. BMJ Quality & Safety, 25, 680–687. CrossRef Ginsburg, L., & Oore, D. G. (2016). Patient safety climate strength: A concept that requires more attention. BMJ Quality & Safety, 25, 680–687. CrossRef
go back to reference *Gonzalez, J. A., & Denisi, A. S. (2009). Cross-level effects of demography and diversity climate on organizational attachment and firm effectiveness. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 30, 21–40. CrossRef *Gonzalez, J. A., & Denisi, A. S. (2009). Cross-level effects of demography and diversity climate on organizational attachment and firm effectiveness. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 30, 21–40. CrossRef
go back to reference *Gonzalez-Mulé, E., Courtright, S. H., DeGeest, D., Seong, J.-Y., & Hong, D.-S. (2016). Channeled autonomy: The joint effects of autonomy and feedback on team performance through organizational goal clarity. Journal of Management, 42, 2018–2033. CrossRef *Gonzalez-Mulé, E., Courtright, S. H., DeGeest, D., Seong, J.-Y., & Hong, D.-S. (2016). Channeled autonomy: The joint effects of autonomy and feedback on team performance through organizational goal clarity. Journal of Management, 42, 2018–2033. CrossRef
go back to reference *Gonzalez-Roma, V., & Hernandez, A. (2014). Climate uniformity: Its influence on team communication quality, task conflict, and team performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 99, 1042–1058. PubMedCrossRef *Gonzalez-Roma, V., & Hernandez, A. (2014). Climate uniformity: Its influence on team communication quality, task conflict, and team performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 99, 1042–1058. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Gonzalez-Roma, V., & Peiro, J. (2014). Climate and culture strength. In B. Schneider & K. M. Barbera (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of organizational climate and culture (pp. 496–531). Oxford University Press. Gonzalez-Roma, V., & Peiro, J. (2014). Climate and culture strength. In B. Schneider & K. M. Barbera (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of organizational climate and culture (pp. 496–531). Oxford University Press.
go back to reference Gonzalez-Roma, V., Peiro, J. M., & Tordera, N. (2002). An examination of the antecedents and moderator influences of climate strength. Journal of Applied Psychology, 87, 465–473. PubMedCrossRef Gonzalez-Roma, V., Peiro, J. M., & Tordera, N. (2002). An examination of the antecedents and moderator influences of climate strength. Journal of Applied Psychology, 87, 465–473. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference *Griffith, J. (2006). A compositional analysis of the organizational climate-performance relation: Public schools as organizations. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 36, 1848–1880. CrossRef *Griffith, J. (2006). A compositional analysis of the organizational climate-performance relation: Public schools as organizations. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 36, 1848–1880. CrossRef
go back to reference Guolo, A., & Varin, C. (2017). Random-effects meta-analysis: The number of studies matters. Statistical Methods in Medical Research, 26, 1500–1518. PubMedCrossRef Guolo, A., & Varin, C. (2017). Random-effects meta-analysis: The number of studies matters. Statistical Methods in Medical Research, 26, 1500–1518. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference *Guerrero, E. G., Fenwick, K., & Kong, Y. (2017). Advancing theory development: Exploring the leadership–climate relationship as a mechanism of the implementation of cultural competence. Implementation Science, 12, 1–12. CrossRef *Guerrero, E. G., Fenwick, K., & Kong, Y. (2017). Advancing theory development: Exploring the leadership–climate relationship as a mechanism of the implementation of cultural competence. Implementation Science, 12, 1–12. CrossRef
go back to reference Gupta, V., Hanges, P. J., & Dorfman, P. (2002). Cultural clusters: Methodology and findings. Journal of World Business, 37, 11–15. CrossRef Gupta, V., Hanges, P. J., & Dorfman, P. (2002). Cultural clusters: Methodology and findings. Journal of World Business, 37, 11–15. CrossRef
go back to reference Hare, A. P. (1981). Group size. American Behavioral Scientist, 24, 695–708. CrossRef Hare, A. P. (1981). Group size. American Behavioral Scientist, 24, 695–708. CrossRef
go back to reference Hayes, T., Usami, S., Jacobucci, R., & McArdle, J. J. (2015). Using classification and regression trees (CART) and random forests to analyze attrition: Results from two simulations. Psychology and Aging, 30, 911–929. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Hayes, T., Usami, S., Jacobucci, R., & McArdle, J. J. (2015). Using classification and regression trees (CART) and random forests to analyze attrition: Results from two simulations. Psychology and Aging, 30, 911–929. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
go back to reference Hedges, L. V., & Olkin, I. (1985). Statistical methods for meta-analysis. Academic Press. Hedges, L. V., & Olkin, I. (1985). Statistical methods for meta-analysis. Academic Press.
go back to reference *Heled, E., Somech, A., & Waters, L. (2016). Psychological capital as a team phenomenon: Mediating the relationship between learning climate and outcomes at the individual and team levels. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 11, 303–314. CrossRef *Heled, E., Somech, A., & Waters, L. (2016). Psychological capital as a team phenomenon: Mediating the relationship between learning climate and outcomes at the individual and team levels. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 11, 303–314. CrossRef
go back to reference Higgins, J. P. T., & Thompson, S. G. (2002). Quantifying heterogeneity in a meta-analysis. Statistics in Medicine, 21, 1539–1558. PubMedCrossRef Higgins, J. P. T., & Thompson, S. G. (2002). Quantifying heterogeneity in a meta-analysis. Statistics in Medicine, 21, 1539–1558. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference *Hirst, G., Budhwar, P., Cooper, B. K., West, M., Long, C., Chongyuan, X., & Shipton, H. (2008). Cross-cultural variations in climate for autonomy, stress and organizational productivity relationships: A comparison of Chinese and UK manufacturing organizations. Journal of International Business Studies, 39, 1343–1358. CrossRef *Hirst, G., Budhwar, P., Cooper, B. K., West, M., Long, C., Chongyuan, X., & Shipton, H. (2008). Cross-cultural variations in climate for autonomy, stress and organizational productivity relationships: A comparison of Chinese and UK manufacturing organizations. Journal of International Business Studies, 39, 1343–1358. CrossRef
go back to reference *Hofmann, D. A., & Mark, B. (2006). An investigation of the relationship between safety climate and medication errors as well as other nurse and patient outcomes. Personnel Psychology, 59, 847–869. CrossRef *Hofmann, D. A., & Mark, B. (2006). An investigation of the relationship between safety climate and medication errors as well as other nurse and patient outcomes. Personnel Psychology, 59, 847–869. CrossRef
go back to reference *Hofmann, D. A., & Stetzer, A. (1996). A cross-level investigation of factors influencing unsafe behaviors and accidents. Personnel Psychology, 49, 307–339. CrossRef *Hofmann, D. A., & Stetzer, A. (1996). A cross-level investigation of factors influencing unsafe behaviors and accidents. Personnel Psychology, 49, 307–339. CrossRef
go back to reference Hofstede, G. (2001). Culture’s consequences: Comparing values, behaviors, institutions and organizations across nations (2nd ed.). Sage. Hofstede, G. (2001). Culture’s consequences: Comparing values, behaviors, institutions and organizations across nations (2nd ed.). Sage.
go back to reference Hofstede, G., Hofstede, G. J., & Minkov, M. (2010). Cultures and organizations (3rd ed.). McGraw-Hill. Hofstede, G., Hofstede, G. J., & Minkov, M. (2010). Cultures and organizations (3rd ed.). McGraw-Hill.
go back to reference Hothorn, T., Bretz, F., & Westfall, P. (2008). Simultaneous inference in general parametric models. Biometrical Journal, 50(3), 346–363. PubMedCrossRef Hothorn, T., Bretz, F., & Westfall, P. (2008). Simultaneous inference in general parametric models. Biometrical Journal, 50(3), 346–363. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference *Huang, C.-C., & Hsieh, P.-N. (2017). Inspiring creativity in teams: Perspectives of transactive memory systems. Journal of Pacific Rim Psychology, 11, 1–14. CrossRef *Huang, C.-C., & Hsieh, P.-N. (2017). Inspiring creativity in teams: Perspectives of transactive memory systems. Journal of Pacific Rim Psychology, 11, 1–14. CrossRef
go back to reference *Huang, Y.-H., Verma, S. K., Chang, W.-R., Courtney, T. K., Lombardi, D. A., Brennan, M. J., & Perry, M. J. (2012). Supervisor vs. employee safety perceptions and association with future injury in US limited-service restaurant workers. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 47, 45–51. CrossRef *Huang, Y.-H., Verma, S. K., Chang, W.-R., Courtney, T. K., Lombardi, D. A., Brennan, M. J., & Perry, M. J. (2012). Supervisor vs. employee safety perceptions and association with future injury in US limited-service restaurant workers. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 47, 45–51. CrossRef
go back to reference Huang, X., & van de Vliert, E. (2004). Job level and national culture as joint roots of job satisfaction. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 53, 329–348. CrossRef Huang, X., & van de Vliert, E. (2004). Job level and national culture as joint roots of job satisfaction. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 53, 329–348. CrossRef
go back to reference Huedo-Medina, T. B., Sanchez-Meca, J., Marın-Martınez, F., & Botella, J. (2006). Assessing heterogeneity in meta-analysis: Q Statistic or I 2 Index? Psychological Methods, 11(2), 193–206. PubMedCrossRef Huedo-Medina, T. B., Sanchez-Meca, J., Marın-Martınez, F., & Botella, J. (2006). Assessing heterogeneity in meta-analysis: Q Statistic or I 2 Index? Psychological Methods, 11(2), 193–206. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference *Hui, C. H., Chiu, W. C. K., Yu, P. L. H., Cheng, K., & Tse, H. (2007). The effects of service climate and the effective leadership behaviour of supervisors on frontline employee service quality: A multi-level analysis. Journal of Occupational & Organizational Psychology, 80, 151–172. CrossRef *Hui, C. H., Chiu, W. C. K., Yu, P. L. H., Cheng, K., & Tse, H. (2007). The effects of service climate and the effective leadership behaviour of supervisors on frontline employee service quality: A multi-level analysis. Journal of Occupational & Organizational Psychology, 80, 151–172. CrossRef
go back to reference *Huo, W., Cai, Z., Luo, J., Men, C., & Jia, R. (2016). Antecedents and intervention mechanisms: A multi-level study of R&D team’s knowledge hiding behavior. Journal of Knowledge Management, 20, 880–897. CrossRef *Huo, W., Cai, Z., Luo, J., Men, C., & Jia, R. (2016). Antecedents and intervention mechanisms: A multi-level study of R&D team’s knowledge hiding behavior. Journal of Knowledge Management, 20, 880–897. CrossRef
go back to reference *Idris, M. A., Dollard, M. F., Coward, J., & Dormann, C. (2012). Psychosocial safety climate: Conceptual distinctiveness and effect on job demands and worker psychological health. Safety Science, 50, 19–28. CrossRef *Idris, M. A., Dollard, M. F., Coward, J., & Dormann, C. (2012). Psychosocial safety climate: Conceptual distinctiveness and effect on job demands and worker psychological health. Safety Science, 50, 19–28. CrossRef
go back to reference James, L. R., Choi, C. C., Ko, C.-H.E., McNeil, P. K., Minton, M. K., Wright, M. A., & Kim, K.-i. (2008). Organizational and psychological climate: A review of theory and research. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 17, 5–32. CrossRef James, L. R., Choi, C. C., Ko, C.-H.E., McNeil, P. K., Minton, M. K., Wright, M. A., & Kim, K.-i. (2008). Organizational and psychological climate: A review of theory and research. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 17, 5–32. CrossRef
go back to reference James, D. L., Demaree, R. G., & Wolf, G. (1984). Estimating within-group interrater reliability with and without response bias. Journal of Applied Psychology, 69, 85–98. CrossRef James, D. L., Demaree, R. G., & Wolf, G. (1984). Estimating within-group interrater reliability with and without response bias. Journal of Applied Psychology, 69, 85–98. CrossRef
go back to reference James, L. A., & James, L. R. (1989). Integrating work environment perceptions: Exploration into the measurement of meaning. Journal of Applied Psychology, 74, 739–751. CrossRef James, L. A., & James, L. R. (1989). Integrating work environment perceptions: Exploration into the measurement of meaning. Journal of Applied Psychology, 74, 739–751. CrossRef
go back to reference Jeanneret, P.R., Borman, W.C., Kubisiak, U.C., & Hanson, M.A. (1999). Generalized work activities. In N.G. Peterson, M.D. Mumford, W.C. Borman, P.R. Jeanneret, and E.A. Fleishman (Eds.), An occupational information system for the 21 st century: The development of O*NET, 105–125. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association. Jeanneret, P.R., Borman, W.C., Kubisiak, U.C., & Hanson, M.A. (1999). Generalized work activities. In N.G. Peterson, M.D. Mumford, W.C. Borman, P.R. Jeanneret, and E.A. Fleishman (Eds.), An occupational information system for the 21 st century: The development of O*NET, 105–125. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.
go back to reference *Jiang, K., Chuang, C., & Chiao, Y. (2015). Developing collective customer knowledge and service climate: The interaction between service-oriented high-performance work systems and service leadership. Journal of Applied Psychology, 100, 1089–1106. PubMedCrossRef *Jiang, K., Chuang, C., & Chiao, Y. (2015). Developing collective customer knowledge and service climate: The interaction between service-oriented high-performance work systems and service leadership. Journal of Applied Psychology, 100, 1089–1106. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference *Jiang, W., & Gu, Q. (2016). How abusive supervision and abusive supervisory climate influence salesperson creativity and sales team effectiveness in China. Management Decision, 54, 455–475. CrossRef *Jiang, W., & Gu, Q. (2016). How abusive supervision and abusive supervisory climate influence salesperson creativity and sales team effectiveness in China. Management Decision, 54, 455–475. CrossRef
go back to reference *Johnson, A., Nguyen, H., Groth, M., & White, L. (2018). Reaping the rewards of functional diversity in healthcare teams: Why team processes improve performance. Group & Organization Management, 43, 440–474. CrossRef *Johnson, A., Nguyen, H., Groth, M., & White, L. (2018). Reaping the rewards of functional diversity in healthcare teams: Why team processes improve performance. Group & Organization Management, 43, 440–474. CrossRef
go back to reference *Johnson, J. W. (1996). Linking employee perceptions of service climate to customer satisfaction. Personnel Psychology, 49, 831–851. CrossRef *Johnson, J. W. (1996). Linking employee perceptions of service climate to customer satisfaction. Personnel Psychology, 49, 831–851. CrossRef
go back to reference *Kao, R.-H. (2017). Task-oriented work characteristics, self-efficacy, and service-oriented organizational citizenship behavior: A cross-level analysis of the moderating effect of social work characteristics and collective efficacy. Personnel Review, 46, 718–739. CrossRef *Kao, R.-H. (2017). Task-oriented work characteristics, self-efficacy, and service-oriented organizational citizenship behavior: A cross-level analysis of the moderating effect of social work characteristics and collective efficacy. Personnel Review, 46, 718–739. CrossRef
go back to reference *Kao, F.-H., & Cheng, B.-S. (2017). Proservice or antiservice employee behaviors: A multilevel ethics perspective. Human Performance, 30, 272–290. CrossRef *Kao, F.-H., & Cheng, B.-S. (2017). Proservice or antiservice employee behaviors: A multilevel ethics perspective. Human Performance, 30, 272–290. CrossRef
go back to reference *Katz-Navon, T., Naveh, E., & Stern, Z. (2005). Safety climate in healthcare organizations: A multidimensional approach. Academy of Management Journal, 48, 1075–1089. CrossRef *Katz-Navon, T., Naveh, E., & Stern, Z. (2005). Safety climate in healthcare organizations: A multidimensional approach. Academy of Management Journal, 48, 1075–1089. CrossRef
go back to reference *King, E. B., de Chermont, K., West, M., Dawson, J. F., & Hebl, M. (2007). How innovation can alleviate negative consequences of demanding work contexts: The influence of climate for innovation on organizational outcomes. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 80, 631–645. CrossRef *King, E. B., de Chermont, K., West, M., Dawson, J. F., & Hebl, M. (2007). How innovation can alleviate negative consequences of demanding work contexts: The influence of climate for innovation on organizational outcomes. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 80, 631–645. CrossRef
go back to reference Klein, K. J., Conn, A. B., Smith, D. B., & Sorra, J. S. (2001). Is everyone in agreement? An exploration of within-group agreement in employee perceptions of the work environment. Journal of Applied Psychology, 86, 3–16. PubMedCrossRef Klein, K. J., Conn, A. B., Smith, D. B., & Sorra, J. S. (2001). Is everyone in agreement? An exploration of within-group agreement in employee perceptions of the work environment. Journal of Applied Psychology, 86, 3–16. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference *Koene, B., Vogelaar, A., & Soeters, J. L. (2002). Leadership effects on organizational climate and financial performance: Local leadership effect in chain organizations. The Leadership Quarterly, 13, 193–215. CrossRef *Koene, B., Vogelaar, A., & Soeters, J. L. (2002). Leadership effects on organizational climate and financial performance: Local leadership effect in chain organizations. The Leadership Quarterly, 13, 193–215. CrossRef
go back to reference *Koopmann, J., Lanaj, K., Wang, M., Zhou, L., & Shi, J. (2016). Nonlinear effects of team tenure on team psychological safety climate and climate strength: Implications for average team member performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 101, 940–957. PubMedCrossRef *Koopmann, J., Lanaj, K., Wang, M., Zhou, L., & Shi, J. (2016). Nonlinear effects of team tenure on team psychological safety climate and climate strength: Implications for average team member performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 101, 940–957. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Kopelman, R. E., Brief, A. P., & Guzzo, R. A. (1990). The role of climate and culture in productivity. In B. Schneider (Ed.), Organizational climate and culture (pp. 282–318). Jossey-Bass. Kopelman, R. E., Brief, A. P., & Guzzo, R. A. (1990). The role of climate and culture in productivity. In B. Schneider (Ed.), Organizational climate and culture (pp. 282–318). Jossey-Bass.
go back to reference *Kozlowski, S. W. J., & Hults, B. M. (1987). An exploration of climates for technical updating and performance. Personnel Psychology, 40, 539–563. CrossRef *Kozlowski, S. W. J., & Hults, B. M. (1987). An exploration of climates for technical updating and performance. Personnel Psychology, 40, 539–563. CrossRef
go back to reference Krackhardt, D., & Kilduff, M. (1990). Friendship patterns and culture: The control of organizational diversity. American Anthropologist, 92, 142–154. CrossRef Krackhardt, D., & Kilduff, M. (1990). Friendship patterns and culture: The control of organizational diversity. American Anthropologist, 92, 142–154. CrossRef
go back to reference LeBreton, J. M., James, L. R., & Lindell, M. K. (2005). Recent issues regarding r WG, r* WG r WG( J), and r* WG(J). Organizational Research Methods, 8, 128–137. CrossRef LeBreton, J. M., James, L. R., & Lindell, M. K. (2005). Recent issues regarding r WG, r* WG r WG( J), and r* WG(J). Organizational Research Methods, 8, 128–137. CrossRef
go back to reference LeBreton, J. M., & Senter, J. L. (2008). Answers to 20 questions about interrater reliability and interrater agreement. Organizational Research Methods, 11, 815–852. CrossRef LeBreton, J. M., & Senter, J. L. (2008). Answers to 20 questions about interrater reliability and interrater agreement. Organizational Research Methods, 11, 815–852. CrossRef
go back to reference *Lee, L.-Y., & Vaesna, S. (2013). The effects of social exchange perspective on employee creativity: A multilevel investigation. Psychology Research, 3, 660–678. *Lee, L.-Y., & Vaesna, S. (2013). The effects of social exchange perspective on employee creativity: A multilevel investigation. Psychology Research, 3, 660–678.
go back to reference Li, X., Dusseldorp, E., & Meulman, J. J. (2017). Meta-CART: A tool to identify interactions between moderators in meta-analysis. British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology, 70(1), 118–136. PubMedCrossRef Li, X., Dusseldorp, E., & Meulman, J. J. (2017). Meta-CART: A tool to identify interactions between moderators in meta-analysis. British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology, 70(1), 118–136. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference *Liao, H., & Chuang, A. (2004). A multilevel investigation of factors influencing employee service performance and customer outcomes. Academy of Management Journal, 47, 41–58. *Liao, H., & Chuang, A. (2004). A multilevel investigation of factors influencing employee service performance and customer outcomes. Academy of Management Journal, 47, 41–58.
go back to reference *Lin, C-P., Liu, C-M., Liu, N-T., & Huang, H-T. (2018). Being excellent teams: Managing innovative climate, politics, and team performance. Total Quality Management & Business Excellence. *Lin, C-P., Liu, C-M., Liu, N-T., & Huang, H-T. (2018). Being excellent teams: Managing innovative climate, politics, and team performance. Total Quality Management & Business Excellence.
go back to reference Lindell, M. K., & Brandt, C. J. (2000). Climate quality and climate consensus as mediators of the relationship between organizational antecedents and outcomes. Journal of Applied Psychology, 85, 331–348. PubMedCrossRef Lindell, M. K., & Brandt, C. J. (2000). Climate quality and climate consensus as mediators of the relationship between organizational antecedents and outcomes. Journal of Applied Psychology, 85, 331–348. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference *Ling, Q., Liu, F., & Wu, X. (2017). Servant versus authentic leadership: Assessing effectiveness in China’s hospitality industry. Cornell Hospitality Quarterly, 58, 53–68. CrossRef *Ling, Q., Liu, F., & Wu, X. (2017). Servant versus authentic leadership: Assessing effectiveness in China’s hospitality industry. Cornell Hospitality Quarterly, 58, 53–68. CrossRef
go back to reference *Loh, M.Y., Idris, M.A., Dollard, M.F., & Isahak, M. (2018). Psychosocial safety climate as a moderator of the moderators: Contextualizing JDR models and emotional demands effects. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology. *Loh, M.Y., Idris, M.A., Dollard, M.F., & Isahak, M. (2018). Psychosocial safety climate as a moderator of the moderators: Contextualizing JDR models and emotional demands effects. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology.
go back to reference Lord, F. M., & Novick, M. R. (1968). Statistical theories of mental test scores. Addison-Wesley Publishing Company Inc. Lord, F. M., & Novick, M. R. (1968). Statistical theories of mental test scores. Addison-Wesley Publishing Company Inc.
go back to reference *Luria, G. (2008). Climate strength: How leaders from consensus. The Leadership Quarterly, 19, 42–53. CrossRef *Luria, G. (2008). Climate strength: How leaders from consensus. The Leadership Quarterly, 19, 42–53. CrossRef
go back to reference *Luria, G., & Yagil, D. (2008). Procedural justice, ethical climate and service outcomes in restaurants. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 27, 276–283. CrossRef *Luria, G., & Yagil, D. (2008). Procedural justice, ethical climate and service outcomes in restaurants. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 27, 276–283. CrossRef
go back to reference *Maynard, M. T., Mathieu, J. E., Marsh, W. M., & Ruddy, T. R. (2007). A multilevel investigation of the influences of employees’ resistance to empowerment. Human Performance, 20, 147–171. CrossRef *Maynard, M. T., Mathieu, J. E., Marsh, W. M., & Ruddy, T. R. (2007). A multilevel investigation of the influences of employees’ resistance to empowerment. Human Performance, 20, 147–171. CrossRef
go back to reference *McKay, P. F., Avery, D. R., & Morris, M. A. (2009). A tale of two climates: Diversity climate from subordinates’ and managers’ perspectives and their role in store unit sales performance. Personnel Psychology, 62, 767–791. CrossRef *McKay, P. F., Avery, D. R., & Morris, M. A. (2009). A tale of two climates: Diversity climate from subordinates’ and managers’ perspectives and their role in store unit sales performance. Personnel Psychology, 62, 767–791. CrossRef
go back to reference *Menges, J. I., Walter, F., Vogel, B., & Bruch, H. (2011). Transformational leadership climate: Performance linkages, mechanisms, and boundary conditions at the organizational level. The Leadership Quarterly, 22, 893–909. CrossRef *Menges, J. I., Walter, F., Vogel, B., & Bruch, H. (2011). Transformational leadership climate: Performance linkages, mechanisms, and boundary conditions at the organizational level. The Leadership Quarterly, 22, 893–909. CrossRef
go back to reference *Mohammadi, B. (2016). Empowerment climate, supervisory support for creativity and work role performance in new product development settings: A team level investigation. Unpublished masters thesis, Queensland University of Technology: Brisbane, Australia. *Mohammadi, B. (2016). Empowerment climate, supervisory support for creativity and work role performance in new product development settings: A team level investigation. Unpublished masters thesis, Queensland University of Technology: Brisbane, Australia.
go back to reference *Molina, A., Moliner, C., Martínez-Tur, V., Cropanzano, R., & Peiró, J. M. (2016). Validating justice climate and peer justice in a real work setting. Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 32, 191–205. *Molina, A., Moliner, C., Martínez-Tur, V., Cropanzano, R., & Peiró, J. M. (2016). Validating justice climate and peer justice in a real work setting. Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 32, 191–205.
go back to reference *Moon, K. (2016). Determinants and consequences of organizational justice climate in the U.S. federal government: An organizational level, longitudinal study. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Georgia: Athens, GA. *Moon, K. (2016). Determinants and consequences of organizational justice climate in the U.S. federal government: An organizational level, longitudinal study. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Georgia: Athens, GA.
go back to reference *Morrison, E. W., Wheeler-Smith, S. L., & Kamdar, D. (2011). Speaking up in groups: A cross-level study of group voice climate and voice. Journal of Applied Psychology, 96, 183–191. PubMedCrossRef *Morrison, E. W., Wheeler-Smith, S. L., & Kamdar, D. (2011). Speaking up in groups: A cross-level study of group voice climate and voice. Journal of Applied Psychology, 96, 183–191. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Mumford, M. D., & Peterson, N. G. (1999). The O*NET content model: Structural considerations in describing jobs. In N. G. Peterson, M. D. Mumford, W. C. Borman, P. R. Jeanneret, & E. A. Fleishman (Eds.), An occupational information system for the 21st century: The development of O*NET (pp. 21–30). American Psychological Association. CrossRef Mumford, M. D., & Peterson, N. G. (1999). The O*NET content model: Structural considerations in describing jobs. In N. G. Peterson, M. D. Mumford, W. C. Borman, P. R. Jeanneret, & E. A. Fleishman (Eds.), An occupational information system for the 21st century: The development of O*NET (pp. 21–30). American Psychological Association. CrossRef
go back to reference *Myer, A. T., Thoroughgood, C. N., & Mohammed, S. (2016). Complementary or competing climates? Examining the interactive effect of service and ethical climates on company-level financial Performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 101, 1178–1190. PubMedCrossRef *Myer, A. T., Thoroughgood, C. N., & Mohammed, S. (2016). Complementary or competing climates? Examining the interactive effect of service and ethical climates on company-level financial Performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 101, 1178–1190. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference *Naumann, S., & Bennett, N. (2002). The effects of procedural justice climate on work group performance. Small Group Research, 33, 361–377. CrossRef *Naumann, S., & Bennett, N. (2002). The effects of procedural justice climate on work group performance. Small Group Research, 33, 361–377. CrossRef
go back to reference *Naveh, E., & Katz-Navon, T. (2015). A longitudinal study of an intervention to improve road safety climate: Climate as an organizational boundary spanner. Journal of Applied Psychology, 100, 216–226. PubMedCrossRef *Naveh, E., & Katz-Navon, T. (2015). A longitudinal study of an intervention to improve road safety climate: Climate as an organizational boundary spanner. Journal of Applied Psychology, 100, 216–226. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference *Naveh, E., Katz-Navon, T., & Stern, Z. (2005). Treatment errors in healthcare: A safety climate approach. Management Science, 51, 948–960. CrossRef *Naveh, E., Katz-Navon, T., & Stern, Z. (2005). Treatment errors in healthcare: A safety climate approach. Management Science, 51, 948–960. CrossRef
go back to reference *Neal, A., & Griffin, M. A. (2006). A study of the lagged relationships among safety climate motivation, safety behavior, and accidents at the individual and group levels. Journal of Applied Psychology, 91, 946–953. PubMedCrossRef *Neal, A., & Griffin, M. A. (2006). A study of the lagged relationships among safety climate motivation, safety behavior, and accidents at the individual and group levels. Journal of Applied Psychology, 91, 946–953. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference *Neal, A., West, M. A., & Patterson, M. G. (2005). Do organizational climate and competitive strategy moderate the relationship between human resource management and productivity? Journal of Management, 31, 492–512. CrossRef *Neal, A., West, M. A., & Patterson, M. G. (2005). Do organizational climate and competitive strategy moderate the relationship between human resource management and productivity? Journal of Management, 31, 492–512. CrossRef
go back to reference Newman, D. A., & Sin, H. (2020). Within-group agreement (r WG): Two theoretical parameters and their estimators. Organizational Research Methods, 23, 30–64. CrossRef Newman, D. A., & Sin, H. (2020). Within-group agreement (r WG): Two theoretical parameters and their estimators. Organizational Research Methods, 23, 30–64. CrossRef
go back to reference *Ning, N., Wang, C.J., Zhaohong, C., & Zheng, C.Z. (2017). The direct and moderating effect of learning orientation on individual performance in the banking industry in China: Contextualization of high-performance work systems. Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources. *Ning, N., Wang, C.J., Zhaohong, C., & Zheng, C.Z. (2017). The direct and moderating effect of learning orientation on individual performance in the banking industry in China: Contextualization of high-performance work systems. Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources.
go back to reference *Ostroff, C., Kinicki, A., & Clark, M. (2002). Substantive and operational issues of response bias across levels of analysis: An example of climate-satisfaction relationships. Journal of Applied Psychology, 87, 355–368. PubMedCrossRef *Ostroff, C., Kinicki, A., & Clark, M. (2002). Substantive and operational issues of response bias across levels of analysis: An example of climate-satisfaction relationships. Journal of Applied Psychology, 87, 355–368. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference *Parker, A. W., Tones, M. J., & Ritchie, G. E. (2017). Development of a multilevel health and safety climate survey tool within a mining setting. Journal of Safety Research, 62, 173–180. PubMedCrossRef *Parker, A. W., Tones, M. J., & Ritchie, G. E. (2017). Development of a multilevel health and safety climate survey tool within a mining setting. Journal of Safety Research, 62, 173–180. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference *Patras, L., Martínez-Tura, V., Estredera, Y., Gracia, E., Molinera, C., & Peiró, J. M. (2018). Organizational performance focused on users’ quality of life: The role of service climate and “contribution-to-others” wellbeing beliefs. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 77, 114–123. PubMedCrossRef *Patras, L., Martínez-Tura, V., Estredera, Y., Gracia, E., Molinera, C., & Peiró, J. M. (2018). Organizational performance focused on users’ quality of life: The role of service climate and “contribution-to-others” wellbeing beliefs. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 77, 114–123. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Patterson, M. G., West, M. A., Shackleton, V. J., Dawson, J. F., Lawthom, R., Maitlis, S., Robinson, D. L., & Wallace, A. M. (2005). Validating the organizational climate measure: Links to managerial practices, productivity and innovation. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 26, 379–408. CrossRef Patterson, M. G., West, M. A., Shackleton, V. J., Dawson, J. F., Lawthom, R., Maitlis, S., Robinson, D. L., & Wallace, A. M. (2005). Validating the organizational climate measure: Links to managerial practices, productivity and innovation. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 26, 379–408. CrossRef
go back to reference *Pecino-Medina, V., Díaz-Fúnez, P. A., & Mañas-Rodríguez, M. A. (2017). Climate, stress and satisfaction: A multilevel study in the public sector. International Journal of Social Psychology, 32, 52–79. CrossRef *Pecino-Medina, V., Díaz-Fúnez, P. A., & Mañas-Rodríguez, M. A. (2017). Climate, stress and satisfaction: A multilevel study in the public sector. International Journal of Social Psychology, 32, 52–79. CrossRef
go back to reference *Peng, J. C., Jien, J.-J., & Lin, J. (2016). Antecedents and consequences of psychological contract breach. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 31, 1312–1326. CrossRef *Peng, J. C., Jien, J.-J., & Lin, J. (2016). Antecedents and consequences of psychological contract breach. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 31, 1312–1326. CrossRef
go back to reference *Prentice, C., Ma, E., & Wong, I.A. (2018). Performance driven outcomes—the case of frontline employees in the hospitality sector. Journal of Hospitality Marketing & Management. *Prentice, C., Ma, E., & Wong, I.A. (2018). Performance driven outcomes—the case of frontline employees in the hospitality sector. Journal of Hospitality Marketing & Management.
go back to reference *Raes, E., Decuyper, S., Lismont, B., Van den Bossche, P., Kyndt, E., Demeyere, S., & Dochy, F. (2013). Facilitating team learning through transformational leadership. Instructional Science, 41, 287–305. CrossRef *Raes, E., Decuyper, S., Lismont, B., Van den Bossche, P., Kyndt, E., Demeyere, S., & Dochy, F. (2013). Facilitating team learning through transformational leadership. Instructional Science, 41, 287–305. CrossRef
go back to reference Raykov, T., & Marcoulides, G. A. (2011). Introduction to psychometric theory. Routledge. CrossRef Raykov, T., & Marcoulides, G. A. (2011). Introduction to psychometric theory. Routledge. CrossRef
go back to reference Rentsch, J. R. (1990). Climate and culture: Interaction and qualitative differences in organizational meanings. Journal of Applied Psychology, 75, 668–681. CrossRef Rentsch, J. R. (1990). Climate and culture: Interaction and qualitative differences in organizational meanings. Journal of Applied Psychology, 75, 668–681. CrossRef
go back to reference *Riordan, C. M., Vandenberg, R. J., & Richardson, H. A. (2005). Employee involvement climate and organizational effectiveness. Human Resource Management, 44, 471–488. CrossRef *Riordan, C. M., Vandenberg, R. J., & Richardson, H. A. (2005). Employee involvement climate and organizational effectiveness. Human Resource Management, 44, 471–488. CrossRef
go back to reference Roberson, Q. M. (2006). Justice in teams: The effects of interdependence and identification on referent choice and justice climate strength. Social Justice Research, 19, 323–344. CrossRef Roberson, Q. M. (2006). Justice in teams: The effects of interdependence and identification on referent choice and justice climate strength. Social Justice Research, 19, 323–344. CrossRef
go back to reference Ryan, A. M., McFarland, L., Baron, H., & Page, R. (1999). An international look at selection practices: Nation and culture as explanations for variability in practice. Personnel Psychology, 52, 359–391. CrossRef Ryan, A. M., McFarland, L., Baron, H., & Page, R. (1999). An international look at selection practices: Nation and culture as explanations for variability in practice. Personnel Psychology, 52, 359–391. CrossRef
go back to reference *Salanova, M., Agut, S., & Peiro, J. M. (2005). Linking organizational resources and work engagement to employee performance and customer loyalty: The mediation of service climate. Journal of Applied Psychology, 90, 1217–1227. PubMedCrossRef *Salanova, M., Agut, S., & Peiro, J. M. (2005). Linking organizational resources and work engagement to employee performance and customer loyalty: The mediation of service climate. Journal of Applied Psychology, 90, 1217–1227. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference *Sandell, K.J. (2015). Climate for workplace fun in a retail setting. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO. *Sandell, K.J. (2015). Climate for workplace fun in a retail setting. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO.
go back to reference *Schechter, C., & Qadach, M. (2016). Principals’ learning mechanisms: Exploring an emerging construct, leadership and policy in schools. Leadership and Policy in Schools, 15, 141–167. CrossRef *Schechter, C., & Qadach, M. (2016). Principals’ learning mechanisms: Exploring an emerging construct, leadership and policy in schools. Leadership and Policy in Schools, 15, 141–167. CrossRef
go back to reference *Schneider, B., & Barbera, K. M. (2014). Introduction: The Oxford handbook of organizational climate and culture. In B. Schneider & K. M. Barbera (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of organizational climate and culture (pp. 3–20). Oxford University Press. CrossRef *Schneider, B., & Barbera, K. M. (2014). Introduction: The Oxford handbook of organizational climate and culture. In B. Schneider & K. M. Barbera (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of organizational climate and culture (pp. 3–20). Oxford University Press. CrossRef
go back to reference Schneider, B., Ehrhart, M. G., Mayer, D. M., Saltz, J. L., & Niles-Jolly, K. (2005). Understanding organization-customer links in service settings. Academy of Management Journal, 48, 1017–1032. CrossRef Schneider, B., Ehrhart, M. G., Mayer, D. M., Saltz, J. L., & Niles-Jolly, K. (2005). Understanding organization-customer links in service settings. Academy of Management Journal, 48, 1017–1032. CrossRef
go back to reference Schneider, B., Gonzalez-Roma, V., Ostroff, C., & West, M. A. (2017). Organizational climate and culture: Reflections on the history of the constructs in the Journal of Applied Psychology. Journal of Applied Psychology, 102, 468–482. PubMedCrossRef Schneider, B., Gonzalez-Roma, V., Ostroff, C., & West, M. A. (2017). Organizational climate and culture: Reflections on the history of the constructs in the Journal of Applied Psychology. Journal of Applied Psychology, 102, 468–482. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Schneider, B., Gunnarson, S. K., & Niles-Jolly, K. (1994). Creating the climate and culture of success. Organizational Dynamics, 23, 17–29. CrossRef Schneider, B., Gunnarson, S. K., & Niles-Jolly, K. (1994). Creating the climate and culture of success. Organizational Dynamics, 23, 17–29. CrossRef
go back to reference Schneider, B., & Reichers, A. E. (1983). On the etiology of climates. Personnel Psychology, 36, 19–39. CrossRef Schneider, B., & Reichers, A. E. (1983). On the etiology of climates. Personnel Psychology, 36, 19–39. CrossRef
go back to reference *Schneider, B., White, S. S., & Paul, M. C. (1998). Linking service climate and customer perceptions of service quality: Test of a causal model. Journal of Applied Psychology, 83, 150–163. PubMedCrossRef *Schneider, B., White, S. S., & Paul, M. C. (1998). Linking service climate and customer perceptions of service quality: Test of a causal model. Journal of Applied Psychology, 83, 150–163. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference *Schulte, M., Ostroff, C., Shmulyian, S., & Kinicki, A. (2009). Organizational climate configurations: Relationships to collective attitudes, customer satisfaction, and financial performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 3, 618–634. CrossRef *Schulte, M., Ostroff, C., Shmulyian, S., & Kinicki, A. (2009). Organizational climate configurations: Relationships to collective attitudes, customer satisfaction, and financial performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 3, 618–634. CrossRef
go back to reference *Shen, J., & Benson, J. (2016). When CSR as a social norm: How socially responsible human resource management affects employee work behavior. Journal of Management, 42, 1723–1746. CrossRef *Shen, J., & Benson, J. (2016). When CSR as a social norm: How socially responsible human resource management affects employee work behavior. Journal of Management, 42, 1723–1746. CrossRef
go back to reference *Shen,Y., Zhang, R.P., Koh, Y., Rowlinson, S., & Leicht, R.M. (2017). The effects of group safety climate on construction personnel’s safety behavior: A cross-level investigation. In A. Mahalingam, T. Shealy, & N. Gil (Eds.), Working Paper Proceedings of the 15 th Engineering Project Organization Conference, 1–11. California: Stanford Sierra Camp. *Shen,Y., Zhang, R.P., Koh, Y., Rowlinson, S., & Leicht, R.M. (2017). The effects of group safety climate on construction personnel’s safety behavior: A cross-level investigation. In A. Mahalingam, T. Shealy, & N. Gil (Eds.), Working Paper Proceedings of the 15 th Engineering Project Organization Conference, 1–11. California: Stanford Sierra Camp.
go back to reference *Shepherd, W. J., Ployhart, R. E., & Kautz, J. (2020). The neglected role of collective customer perceptions in shaping collective employee satisfaction, service climate, voluntary turnover, and involuntary turnover: A cautionary note. Journal of Applied Psychology, 105, 1327–1337. PubMedCrossRef *Shepherd, W. J., Ployhart, R. E., & Kautz, J. (2020). The neglected role of collective customer perceptions in shaping collective employee satisfaction, service climate, voluntary turnover, and involuntary turnover: A cautionary note. Journal of Applied Psychology, 105, 1327–1337. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference *Shih, H.-A., Chiang, Y.-H., & Chen, T.-J. (2012). Transformational leadership, trusting climate, and knowledge-exchange behaviors in Taiwan. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 23, 1057–1073. CrossRef *Shih, H.-A., Chiang, Y.-H., & Chen, T.-J. (2012). Transformational leadership, trusting climate, and knowledge-exchange behaviors in Taiwan. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 23, 1057–1073. CrossRef
go back to reference Simon, H. A. (1973). The organization of complex systems. In H. H. Pattee (Ed.), Hierarchy theory (pp. 1–27). Braziller. Simon, H. A. (1973). The organization of complex systems. In H. H. Pattee (Ed.), Hierarchy theory (pp. 1–27). Braziller.
go back to reference *Simons, T., & Roberson, Q. (2003). Why managers should care about fairness: The effects of aggregate justice perceptions on organizational outcomes. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88, 432–443. PubMedCrossRef *Simons, T., & Roberson, Q. (2003). Why managers should care about fairness: The effects of aggregate justice perceptions on organizational outcomes. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88, 432–443. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference *Sowinski, D. R., Fortmann, K. A., & Lezotte, D. V. (2008). Climate for service and the moderating effects of climate strength on customer satisfaction, voluntary turnover, and profitability. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 17, 73–88. CrossRef *Sowinski, D. R., Fortmann, K. A., & Lezotte, D. V. (2008). Climate for service and the moderating effects of climate strength on customer satisfaction, voluntary turnover, and profitability. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 17, 73–88. CrossRef
go back to reference *Spell, H. B., Eby, L. T., & Vandenberg, R. J. (2014). Developmental climate: A cross-level analysis of voluntary turnover and job performance. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 84, 283–292. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef *Spell, H. B., Eby, L. T., & Vandenberg, R. J. (2014). Developmental climate: A cross-level analysis of voluntary turnover and job performance. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 84, 283–292. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
go back to reference *Spielfogel, J. E., Leathers, S. J., & Christian, E. (2016). Agency culture and climate in child welfare: Do perceptions vary by exposure to the child welfare system? Human Service Organizations: Management, Leadership & Governance, 40, 382–396. *Spielfogel, J. E., Leathers, S. J., & Christian, E. (2016). Agency culture and climate in child welfare: Do perceptions vary by exposure to the child welfare system? Human Service Organizations: Management, Leadership & Governance, 40, 382–396.
go back to reference Strobl, C., Malley, J., & Tutz, G. (2009). An introduction to recursive partitioning: Rationale, application, and characteristics of classification and regression trees, bagging, and random forests. Psychological Methods, 14, 323–348. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Strobl, C., Malley, J., & Tutz, G. (2009). An introduction to recursive partitioning: Rationale, application, and characteristics of classification and regression trees, bagging, and random forests. Psychological Methods, 14, 323–348. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
go back to reference *Tang, C., & Naumann, S. (2016). Team diversity, mood, and team creativity: The role of team knowledge sharing in Chinese R&D teams. Journal of Management & Organization, 22, 420–434. CrossRef *Tang, C., & Naumann, S. (2016). Team diversity, mood, and team creativity: The role of team knowledge sharing in Chinese R&D teams. Journal of Management & Organization, 22, 420–434. CrossRef
go back to reference Taras, V., Kirkman, B. L., & Steel, P. (2010). Examining the impact of culture‘s consequences: A three-decade, multi-level, meta-analytic review of Hofstede‘s cultural value dimensions. Journal of Applied Psychology, 95(3), 405–439. PubMedCrossRef Taras, V., Kirkman, B. L., & Steel, P. (2010). Examining the impact of culture‘s consequences: A three-decade, multi-level, meta-analytic review of Hofstede‘s cultural value dimensions. Journal of Applied Psychology, 95(3), 405–439. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference *Tesler, R. (2013). Alignment is not just for tires: The impact of leader-follower climate perceptions on learning and safety behaviors. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, The Pennsylvania State University, State College, PA. *Tesler, R. (2013). Alignment is not just for tires: The impact of leader-follower climate perceptions on learning and safety behaviors. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, The Pennsylvania State University, State College, PA.
go back to reference *Tews, M. J., Hoefnagels, A., Jolly, P. M., & Stafford, K. (2021). Turnover among young adults In the hospitality industry: Examining the impact of fun in the workplace and training climate. Employee Relations: The International Journal, 43, 245–261. CrossRef *Tews, M. J., Hoefnagels, A., Jolly, P. M., & Stafford, K. (2021). Turnover among young adults In the hospitality industry: Examining the impact of fun in the workplace and training climate. Employee Relations: The International Journal, 43, 245–261. CrossRef
go back to reference Therneau, T. M., & Atkinson, B. (2017). An introduction to recursive partitioning using the RPART routines. Mayo Foundation. Therneau, T. M., & Atkinson, B. (2017). An introduction to recursive partitioning using the RPART routines. Mayo Foundation.
go back to reference *Tremblay, M. (2017). Humor in teams: Multilevel relationships between humor climate, inclusion, trust, and citizenship behaviors. Journal of Business and Psychology, 32, 363–378. CrossRef *Tremblay, M. (2017). Humor in teams: Multilevel relationships between humor climate, inclusion, trust, and citizenship behaviors. Journal of Business and Psychology, 32, 363–378. CrossRef
go back to reference *Tremblay, M., Gaudet, M. C., & Parent-Rocheleau, X. (2018). Good things are not eternal: How consideration leadership and initiating structure influence the dynamic nature of organizational justice and extra-role behaviors at the collective level. Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies, 25, 211–232. CrossRef *Tremblay, M., Gaudet, M. C., & Parent-Rocheleau, X. (2018). Good things are not eternal: How consideration leadership and initiating structure influence the dynamic nature of organizational justice and extra-role behaviors at the collective level. Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies, 25, 211–232. CrossRef
go back to reference *Tse, H. H. M., Dasborough, M. T., & Ashkanasy, N. M. (2008). A multi-level analysis of team climate and interpersonal exchange relationships at work. The Leadership Quarterly, 19, 195–211. CrossRef *Tse, H. H. M., Dasborough, M. T., & Ashkanasy, N. M. (2008). A multi-level analysis of team climate and interpersonal exchange relationships at work. The Leadership Quarterly, 19, 195–211. CrossRef
go back to reference Tung, R. L., & Baumann, C. (2009). Comparing the attitudes toward money, material possessions and savings of overseas Chinese vis-a`-vis Chinese in China: Convergence, divergence or cross-vergence, vis-a`-vis “one size fits all” human resource management policies and practices. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 20, 2382–2401. Tung, R. L., & Baumann, C. (2009). Comparing the attitudes toward money, material possessions and savings of overseas Chinese vis-a`-vis Chinese in China: Convergence, divergence or cross-vergence, vis-a`-vis “one size fits all” human resource management policies and practices. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 20, 2382–2401.
go back to reference Tung, R. L., & Verbeke, A. (2010). Beyond Hofstede and GLOBE: Improving the quality of cross-cultural research. Journal of International Business Studies, 41, 1259–1274. CrossRef Tung, R. L., & Verbeke, A. (2010). Beyond Hofstede and GLOBE: Improving the quality of cross-cultural research. Journal of International Business Studies, 41, 1259–1274. CrossRef
go back to reference * a Van De Voorde, K., Van Veldhoven, M., & Paauwe, J. (2010). Time precedence in the relationship between organizational climate and organizational performance: A cross-lagged study at the business unit level. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 21, 1712–1732. CrossRef * a Van De Voorde, K., Van Veldhoven, M., & Paauwe, J. (2010). Time precedence in the relationship between organizational climate and organizational performance: A cross-lagged study at the business unit level. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 21, 1712–1732. CrossRef
go back to reference * a Van De Voorde, K., Van Veldhoven, M., & Paauwe, J. (2014). Relationships between work unit climate and labour productivity in the financial sector: A longitudinal test of the mediating role of work satisfaction. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 23(2), 295–309. CrossRef * a Van De Voorde, K., Van Veldhoven, M., & Paauwe, J. (2014). Relationships between work unit climate and labour productivity in the financial sector: A longitudinal test of the mediating role of work satisfaction. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 23(2), 295–309. CrossRef
go back to reference van Lissa, C. J. (2020). Small sample meta-analyses: Exploring heterogeneity using MetaForest. In R. van de Schoot & M. Miocevic (Eds.), Small sample size solutions: A guide for applied researchers and practitioners (pp. 186–202). Routledge. CrossRef van Lissa, C. J. (2020). Small sample meta-analyses: Exploring heterogeneity using MetaForest. In R. van de Schoot & M. Miocevic (Eds.), Small sample size solutions: A guide for applied researchers and practitioners (pp. 186–202). Routledge. CrossRef
go back to reference *Van Woerkom, M., & Meyers, M. (2015). My strengths count! Effects of a strengths-based psychological climate on positive affect and job performance. Human Resource Management, 54, 81–103. CrossRef *Van Woerkom, M., & Meyers, M. (2015). My strengths count! Effects of a strengths-based psychological climate on positive affect and job performance. Human Resource Management, 54, 81–103. CrossRef
go back to reference *Vera, M., Martınez, I. M., Lorente, L., & Chambel, M. A. (2016). The role of co-worker and supervisor support in the relationship between job autonomy and work engagement among Portuguese nurses: A multilevel study. Social Indicators Research, 12, 1143–1156. CrossRef *Vera, M., Martınez, I. M., Lorente, L., & Chambel, M. A. (2016). The role of co-worker and supervisor support in the relationship between job autonomy and work engagement among Portuguese nurses: A multilevel study. Social Indicators Research, 12, 1143–1156. CrossRef
go back to reference Viechtbauer, W. (2010). Conducting meta-analyses in R with the metafor package. Journal of Statistical Software, 36(3), 1–48. CrossRef Viechtbauer, W. (2010). Conducting meta-analyses in R with the metafor package. Journal of Statistical Software, 36(3), 1–48. CrossRef
go back to reference *Vogus, T. J., Cull, M. J., Hengelbrok, N. E., Modell, S. J., & Epstein, R. A. (2016). Assessing safety culture in child welfare: Evidence from Tennessee. Children and Youth Services Review, 65, 94–103. CrossRef *Vogus, T. J., Cull, M. J., Hengelbrok, N. E., Modell, S. J., & Epstein, R. A. (2016). Assessing safety culture in child welfare: Evidence from Tennessee. Children and Youth Services Review, 65, 94–103. CrossRef
go back to reference *Wallace, C., & Chen, G. (2006). A multilevel integration of personality, climate, self-regulation, and performance. Personnel Psychology, 59, 529–557. CrossRef *Wallace, C., & Chen, G. (2006). A multilevel integration of personality, climate, self-regulation, and performance. Personnel Psychology, 59, 529–557. CrossRef
go back to reference Wallace, J. C., Edwards, B. D., Paul, J., Burke, M. J., Christian, M., & Eissa, G. (2016). Change the referent? A meta-analytic investigation of direct and referent-shift consensus models for organizational climate. Journal of Management, 42, 838–861. CrossRef Wallace, J. C., Edwards, B. D., Paul, J., Burke, M. J., Christian, M., & Eissa, G. (2016). Change the referent? A meta-analytic investigation of direct and referent-shift consensus models for organizational climate. Journal of Management, 42, 838–861. CrossRef
go back to reference *Wallace, J. C., Johnson, P. D., Mathe, K., & Paul, J. (2011). Structural and psychological empowerment climates, performance, and the moderating role of shared felt accountability: A managerial perspective. Journal of Applied Psychology, 96, 840–850. PubMedCrossRef *Wallace, J. C., Johnson, P. D., Mathe, K., & Paul, J. (2011). Structural and psychological empowerment climates, performance, and the moderating role of shared felt accountability: A managerial perspective. Journal of Applied Psychology, 96, 840–850. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference *Walumba, F. O., Peterson, S. J., Avolio, B. J., & Hartnell, C. A. (2010). An investigation of the relationships among leader and follower psychological capital, service climate, and job performance. Personnel Psychology, 63, 937–963. CrossRef *Walumba, F. O., Peterson, S. J., Avolio, B. J., & Hartnell, C. A. (2010). An investigation of the relationships among leader and follower psychological capital, service climate, and job performance. Personnel Psychology, 63, 937–963. CrossRef
go back to reference *Wang, P., & Rode, J. C. (2010). Transformational leadership and follower creativity: The moderating effects of identification with leader and organizational climate. Human Relations, 63, 1105–1128. CrossRef *Wang, P., & Rode, J. C. (2010). Transformational leadership and follower creativity: The moderating effects of identification with leader and organizational climate. Human Relations, 63, 1105–1128. CrossRef
go back to reference *Wang, Z., Chen, Y.-f.N., Tjosvold, D., & Shi, K. (2010). Cooperative goals and team agreeableness composition for constructive controversy in China. Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 27, 139–153. CrossRef *Wang, Z., Chen, Y.-f.N., Tjosvold, D., & Shi, K. (2010). Cooperative goals and team agreeableness composition for constructive controversy in China. Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 27, 139–153. CrossRef
go back to reference *Williams, N. J., Glisson, C., Hemmelgarn, A., & Green, P. (2017). Mechanisms of change in the ARC organizational strategy: Increasing mental health clinicians’ EBP adoption through improved organizational culture and capacity. Administration Policy in Mental Health, 44, 269–283. PubMedCrossRef *Williams, N. J., Glisson, C., Hemmelgarn, A., & Green, P. (2017). Mechanisms of change in the ARC organizational strategy: Increasing mental health clinicians’ EBP adoption through improved organizational culture and capacity. Administration Policy in Mental Health, 44, 269–283. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference *Winkler, R.B. (2004). Organizational climate in a health care setting and its relationship to patient safety. Unpublished dissertation, DePaul University, Chicago, IL. *Winkler, R.B. (2004). Organizational climate in a health care setting and its relationship to patient safety. Unpublished dissertation, DePaul University, Chicago, IL.
go back to reference *Wood, S., Stride, C., & Johnson, S. (2012). Personal and team morale in health services: Distinct and measurable concepts. Journal of Health Management, 14, 535–557. CrossRef *Wood, S., Stride, C., & Johnson, S. (2012). Personal and team morale in health services: Distinct and measurable concepts. Journal of Health Management, 14, 535–557. CrossRef
go back to reference *Woznyj, H.M., Heggestad, E.D., Kennerly, S., & Yap, T.L. (2018). Climate and organizational performance in long-term care facilities: The role of affective commitment. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology. *Woznyj, H.M., Heggestad, E.D., Kennerly, S., & Yap, T.L. (2018). Climate and organizational performance in long-term care facilities: The role of affective commitment. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology.
go back to reference Yohannes, Y., & Webb, P. (1999). Classification and regression trees, CART: A user manual for identifying indicators of vulnerability to famine and chronic food insecurity (No. 593–2016–39922). Washington, D.C.: International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI). Yohannes, Y., & Webb, P. (1999). Classification and regression trees, CART: A user manual for identifying indicators of vulnerability to famine and chronic food insecurity (No. 593–2016–39922). Washington, D.C.: International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
go back to reference *Yu, T., de Ruyter, K., Patterson, P., & Chen, C.-F. (2018). The formation of a cross-selling initiative climate and its interplay with service climate. European Journal of Marketing, 52, 1457–1484. CrossRef *Yu, T., de Ruyter, K., Patterson, P., & Chen, C.-F. (2018). The formation of a cross-selling initiative climate and its interplay with service climate. European Journal of Marketing, 52, 1457–1484. CrossRef
go back to reference *Yusof, N.A.M., Jusoh, W.J.W., & Hashim, K.S.H. (2020). Service climate and service behaviour to customer satisfaction: A multilevel study of Muslim-friendly hotel. Journal of Halal Industry & Services, 3 (Special Issue), 1–6. *Yusof, N.A.M., Jusoh, W.J.W., & Hashim, K.S.H. (2020). Service climate and service behaviour to customer satisfaction: A multilevel study of Muslim-friendly hotel. Journal of Halal Industry & Services, 3 (Special Issue), 1–6.
go back to reference *Zappala, S., Martinez-Tur, V., & Mariani, M. G. (2018). Service climate in organizations: Validating the Italian version of the service climate scale (ISCS). TPM, 25, 5–20. *Zappala, S., Martinez-Tur, V., & Mariani, M. G. (2018). Service climate in organizations: Validating the Italian version of the service climate scale (ISCS). TPM, 25, 5–20.
go back to reference *Zhang, Y., & Begley, T. M. (2011). Perceived organizational climate, knowledge transfer and innovation in China-based research and development companies. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 22, 34–56. CrossRef *Zhang, Y., & Begley, T. M. (2011). Perceived organizational climate, knowledge transfer and innovation in China-based research and development companies. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 22, 34–56. CrossRef
go back to reference *Zhang, X., & Kwan, H. K. (2018). Team learning goal orientation and innovation: Roles of transactive memory system and task interdependence. GSL Journal of Business Management and Administration Affairs, 1(109), 1–10. *Zhang, X., & Kwan, H. K. (2018). Team learning goal orientation and innovation: Roles of transactive memory system and task interdependence. GSL Journal of Business Management and Administration Affairs, 1(109), 1–10.
go back to reference *Zhang, N., & Zhang, J. (2016). Chinese insurance agents in “bad barrels”: A multilevel analysis of the relationship between ethical leadership, ethical climate and business ethical sensitivity. Springerplus, 5, 2078. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef *Zhang, N., & Zhang, J. (2016). Chinese insurance agents in “bad barrels”: A multilevel analysis of the relationship between ethical leadership, ethical climate and business ethical sensitivity. Springerplus, 5, 2078. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
go back to reference Zohar, D., & Tenne-Gazit, O. (2008). Transformational leadership and group interaction as climate antecedents: A social network analysis. Journal of Applied Psychology, 93, 744–757. PubMedCrossRef Zohar, D., & Tenne-Gazit, O. (2008). Transformational leadership and group interaction as climate antecedents: A social network analysis. Journal of Applied Psychology, 93, 744–757. PubMedCrossRef
Metadata
Title
The Relative Importance and Interaction of Contextual and Methodological Predictors of Mean rWG for Work Climate
Authors
Michael J. Burke
Kristin Smith-Crowe
Maura I. Burke
Ayala Cohen
Etti Doveh
Shuhua Sun
Publication date
01-03-2022
Publisher
Springer US
Published in
Journal of Business and Psychology / Issue 5/2022
Print ISSN: 0889-3268
Electronic ISSN: 1573-353X
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10869-021-09789-6

Other articles of this Issue 5/2022

Journal of Business and Psychology 5/2022 Go to the issue

Premium Partner