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01-04-2014 | Issue 4/2014

Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance 4/2014

The Role of Shear-Thickening Fluids (STFs) in Ballistic and Stab-Resistance Improvement of Flexible Armor

Journal:
Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance > Issue 4/2014
Authors:
M. Hasanzadeh, V. Mottaghitalab

Abstract

This paper provides a detailed review on relevant literature related to rheological properties of STFs with particular emphasis on efforts to improve their impact resistance. The review has concisely demonstrated that there are many factors affecting shear-thickening behavior of colloidal suspensions. Nanoparticle characteristics such as shape, size, distribution, solid volume fraction, and interaction with other particles as well as properties related to suspending phase and also flow field could affect the rheological properties of STFs. Recent studies on application of STFs to textile fabrics, preparation techniques, and the factors determining the performance of STF/fabric composites are summarized. Particular emphasis is laid on researches that explore the ballistic, stab, and puncture protective properties of STF-based materials and body armors.

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