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01-07-2017 | Original Article | Issue 4/2017

Chinese Journal of Mechanical Engineering 4/2017

Theoretical Investigation of the Viscous Damping Coefficient of Hydraulic Actuators

Chinese Journal of Mechanical Engineering > Issue 4/2017
Ming-Hui Huang, Qing Pan, Yi-Bo Li, Peng-Da Ma, Jun Ma
Important notes
Supported by National Basic Research Development Program of China (Grant No. 2011CB706802), Hunan Provincial Foundation for  Postgraduate of China (Grant No. CX2013B062), and Innovation Driven Program of Central South University of China (Grant No. 2015CX002).


The viscous damping coefficient (VDC) of hydraulic actuators is crucial for system modeling, control and dynamic characteristic analysis. Currently, the researches on hydraulic actuators focus on behavior assessment, promotion of control performance and efficiency. However, the estimation of the VDC is difficult due to a lack of study. Firstly, using two types of hydraulic cylinders, behaviors of the VDC are experimentally examined with velocities and pressure variations. For the tested plunger type hydraulic cylinder, the exponential model \(B = \alpha \upsilon^{ - \beta } ,(\alpha > 0,\beta > 0)\) or \(B = \alpha_{1} e^{{ - \beta_{1} \upsilon }} + \alpha_{2} e^{{ - \beta_{2} \upsilon }} (\alpha_{1} ,\alpha_{2} > 0,\beta_{1} ,\beta_{2} > 0)\), fits the relation between the VDC and velocities for a given pressure of chamber with high precision. The magnitude of the VDC decreases almost linearly under certain velocities when increasing the chamber pressure from 0.6 MPa to 6.0 MPa. Furthermore, the effects of the chamber pressures on the VDC of piston and plunge type hydraulic cylinders are different due to different sealing types. In order to investigate the VDC of a plunger type hydraulic actuator drastically, a steady-state numerical model has been developed to describe the mechanism incorporating tandem seal lubrication, back-up ring related friction behaviors and shear stress of fluid. It is shown that the simulated results of VDC agree with the measured results with a good accuracy. The proposed method provides an instruction to predict the VDC in system modeling and analysis.

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