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20-02-2020 | Original Research Paper | Issue 2/2020 Open Access

Intelligent Service Robotics 2/2020

Toward a robot swarm protecting a group of migrants

Intelligent Service Robotics > Issue 2/2020
Maxime Vaidis, Martin J.-D. Otis
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The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s11370-020-00315-w) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Different geopolitical conflicts of recent years have led to mass migration of several civilian populations. These migrations take place in militarized zones, indicating real danger contexts for the populations. Indeed, civilians are increasingly targeted during military assaults. Defense and security needs have increased; therefore, there is a need to prioritize the protection of migrants. Very few or no arrangements are available to manage the scale of displacement and the protection of civilians during migration. In order to increase their security during mass migration in an inhospitable territory, this article proposes an assistive system using a team of mobile robots, labeled a rover swarm that is able to provide safety area around the migrants. We suggest a coordination algorithm including CNN and fuzzy logic that allows the swarm to synchronize their movements and provide better sensor coverage of the environment. Implementation is carried out using on a reduced scale rover to enable evaluation of the functionalities of the suggested software architecture and algorithms. Results bring new perspectives to helping and protecting migrants with a swarm that evolves in a complex and dynamic environment.
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