This chapter will deal with the phenomena which determine the concentration of substances in the environment as well as within organisms. Knowing the concentrations of chemicals in different compartments as well as their further fate within these compartments is one of the key issues in a chemicals’ risk assessment procedure. Once the concentrations in the various relevant environmental compartments are known or estimated, they can be compared with information on the hazards of a substance in that compartment. The relevant environmental compartments may be water, sediment, soil, air, or biota.
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