Skip to main content
Top

2022 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

7. Tube 3D Free Bending Forming Technology

Authors : Cheng Cheng, Qiucheng Yang, Xunzhong Guo, Xueshan Bai, Shenghan Hu, Hao Chen, Cong Wu, Tao Li, Hao Xiong, Ali Abd El-Aty

Published in: Flexible Metal Forming Technologies

Publisher: Springer Nature Singapore

Activate our intelligent search to find suitable subject content or patents.

search-config
loading …

Abstract

The 3D free bending forming technology can realize the overall flexible forming of pipes and profiles with complex spatial shapes by constantly changing the spatial posture of the bending die. This chapter classifies the current free bending equipment based on the forming principle of free bending. Then the key technologies of free bending process system, mold structure, “U-R” relationship, forming trajectory analysis and finite element simulation process are introduced in detail. Finally, the characteristics and advantages of hot free bending are analyzed through finite element simulation and experiment.

To get access to this content you need the following product:

Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 102.000 Bücher
  • über 537 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Nachhaltigkeit
  • Finance + Banking
  • Management + Führung
  • Marketing + Vertrieb
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe
  • Versicherung + Risiko

Jetzt Wissensvorsprung sichern!

Springer Professional "Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 67.000 Bücher
  • über 390 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Nachhaltigkeit
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe




 

Jetzt Wissensvorsprung sichern!

Springer Professional "Wirtschaft"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Wirtschaft" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 67.000 Bücher
  • über 340 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Finance + Banking
  • Management + Führung
  • Marketing + Vertrieb
  • Versicherung + Risiko




Jetzt Wissensvorsprung sichern!

Literature
1.
go back to reference Murata M, Kuboki T (2015) 60 excellent inventions in metal forming. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg Murata M, Kuboki T (2015) 60 excellent inventions in metal forming. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg
2.
go back to reference Beulich N, Craighero P (2017) Volk W FEA simulation of free-bending—a preforming step in the hydroforming process chain. J Phys: Conf Ser 896:12–20 Beulich N, Craighero P (2017) Volk W FEA simulation of free-bending—a preforming step in the hydroforming process chain. J Phys: Conf Ser 896:12–20
3.
go back to reference Gantner P, Bauer H, Harrison DK, De Silva AKM (2005) Free-bending—a new bending technique in the hydroforming process chain. J Mater Process Technol 167(2–3):302–308CrossRef Gantner P, Bauer H, Harrison DK, De Silva AKM (2005) Free-bending—a new bending technique in the hydroforming process chain. J Mater Process Technol 167(2–3):302–308CrossRef
4.
go back to reference Hermes M, Staupendahl D, Becker C, Tekkaya AE (2011) Innovative machine concepts for 3D bending of tubes and profiles. Key Eng Mater 473:37–42CrossRef Hermes M, Staupendahl D, Becker C, Tekkaya AE (2011) Innovative machine concepts for 3D bending of tubes and profiles. Key Eng Mater 473:37–42CrossRef
5.
go back to reference Chatti S, Hermes M, Tekkaya AE, Kleiner M (2010) The new TSS bending process: 3D bending of profiles with arbitrary cross-sections. CIRP Ann Manuf Technol 59:315–318CrossRef Chatti S, Hermes M, Tekkaya AE, Kleiner M (2010) The new TSS bending process: 3D bending of profiles with arbitrary cross-sections. CIRP Ann Manuf Technol 59:315–318CrossRef
6.
go back to reference Murata M, Ohashi N, Suzuki H (1989) New flexible penetration bending of a tube: 1st report, a study of MOS bending method. Trans Japan Soc Mech Eng C 55:2488–2492CrossRef Murata M, Ohashi N, Suzuki H (1989) New flexible penetration bending of a tube: 1st report, a study of MOS bending method. Trans Japan Soc Mech Eng C 55:2488–2492CrossRef
7.
go back to reference Murata M (1992) Penetration bending method and penetration bending machine therefor: USA, US5111675 (A)[P]. 1992-05-12 Murata M (1992) Penetration bending method and penetration bending machine therefor: USA, US5111675 (A)[P]. 1992-05-12
9.
go back to reference Flehmig K, Kuehni Z (2008) Apparatus for free forming and bending of longitudinal profiles, in particular tubes and apparatus for free forming, bending and drawing of longitudinal profiles, in particular tubes: China, CN101146629 A[P] Flehmig K, Kuehni Z (2008) Apparatus for free forming and bending of longitudinal profiles, in particular tubes and apparatus for free forming, bending and drawing of longitudinal profiles, in particular tubes: China, CN101146629 A[P]
10.
go back to reference Hoffmann M, Leischnig S, Naumann C, Otto-Adamczak T, Priber U, Strauß M, Tropper M (2013) HexaBend—freiformbiegen auf einer parallel kinematischen biegemaschine. Fraunhofer: Institut für Werkzeugmaschinen und Umformtechnik, pp 10–19 Hoffmann M, Leischnig S, Naumann C, Otto-Adamczak T, Priber U, Strauß M, Tropper M (2013) HexaBend—freiformbiegen auf einer parallel kinematischen biegemaschine. Fraunhofer: Institut für Werkzeugmaschinen und Umformtechnik, pp 10–19
11.
go back to reference Goto H, Ichiryu K, Saito H, Ishikura Y, Tanaka Y (2008) Applications with a new 6-DOF bending machine in tube forming processes[C]. In 7th international symposium on fluid power. Toyama: The Japan Fluid Power System Society, pp 183–188 Goto H, Ichiryu K, Saito H, Ishikura Y, Tanaka Y (2008) Applications with a new 6-DOF bending machine in tube forming processes[C]. In 7th international symposium on fluid power. Toyama: The Japan Fluid Power System Society, pp 183–188
13.
go back to reference Kawasumi S, Takeda Y, Matsuura D (2014) Precise pipe-bending by 3-RPSR parallel mechanism considering springback and clearances at dies. Trans Japan Soc Mech Eng 80(820):1–16 Kawasumi S, Takeda Y, Matsuura D (2014) Precise pipe-bending by 3-RPSR parallel mechanism considering springback and clearances at dies. Trans Japan Soc Mech Eng 80(820):1–16
14.
go back to reference Tekkaya AE, Chatti S (2014) Bending (tubes, profiles). Springer, Berlin HeideibergCrossRef Tekkaya AE, Chatti S (2014) Bending (tubes, profiles). Springer, Berlin HeideibergCrossRef
15.
go back to reference Murata M (1996) Effects of inclination of die and material of circular tube in MOS bending method. Trans Japan Soc Mech Eng C 62(601):3669–3675CrossRef Murata M (1996) Effects of inclination of die and material of circular tube in MOS bending method. Trans Japan Soc Mech Eng C 62(601):3669–3675CrossRef
16.
go back to reference Li PF, Wang LY, Li MZ (2017) Flexible-bending of profiles and tubes of continuous varying radii. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 88:1669–1675CrossRef Li PF, Wang LY, Li MZ (2017) Flexible-bending of profiles and tubes of continuous varying radii. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 88:1669–1675CrossRef
17.
go back to reference Murata M (1990) Push-through bending method and bending device by this method: Japan, JPH02299722 (A)[P]. 1990-12-12 Murata M (1990) Push-through bending method and bending device by this method: Japan, JPH02299722 (A)[P]. 1990-12-12
18.
go back to reference Goto H, Tanaka Y, Ichiryu K (2010) Three-dimensional tube forming processes with a new hydraulic bending machine using parallel kinematics. Trans Japan Fluid Power Syst Soc 4(8):74–79CrossRef Goto H, Tanaka Y, Ichiryu K (2010) Three-dimensional tube forming processes with a new hydraulic bending machine using parallel kinematics. Trans Japan Fluid Power Syst Soc 4(8):74–79CrossRef
19.
go back to reference Tanaka Y (2011) Innovative machine design based on 6-DOF parallel kinematics mechanism [A]. In Proceedings of the 4th international conference on mechanical engineering and mechanics [C]. Science Press USA Inc., pp 57–66 Tanaka Y (2011) Innovative machine design based on 6-DOF parallel kinematics mechanism [A]. In Proceedings of the 4th international conference on mechanical engineering and mechanics [C]. Science Press USA Inc., pp 57–66
20.
go back to reference Tanaka Y (2011) Development of a pipe bender using a parallel mechanism with 3-RPSR structure with six degrees of freedom [A]. In Proceedings of the 13th world congress in mechanism and machine science [C]. México, pp 19–25 Tanaka Y (2011) Development of a pipe bender using a parallel mechanism with 3-RPSR structure with six degrees of freedom [A]. In Proceedings of the 13th world congress in mechanism and machine science [C]. México, pp 19–25
21.
go back to reference Ghiotti A, Simonetto E, Bruschi S, F. Bariani P (2017) Springback measurement in three roll push bending process of hollow structural sections. CIRP Annal Manuf Technol 66(1):289–292 Ghiotti A, Simonetto E, Bruschi S, F. Bariani P (2017) Springback measurement in three roll push bending process of hollow structural sections. CIRP Annal Manuf Technol 66(1):289–292
22.
go back to reference Guo XZ, Xiong H, Xu Y, Ma YN, El-Aty AA, Tao J, Jin K (2018) Free-bending process characteristics and forming process design of copper tubular components. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 96(9–12):3585–3601CrossRef Guo XZ, Xiong H, Xu Y, Ma YN, El-Aty AA, Tao J, Jin K (2018) Free-bending process characteristics and forming process design of copper tubular components. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 96(9–12):3585–3601CrossRef
23.
go back to reference Gantner P, Harrison DK, De Silva AKM, Bauer H (2007) The development of a simulation model and the determination of the die control data for the free-bending technique. Proc Inst Mech Eng Part B J Eng Manuf 221(2):163–171CrossRef Gantner P, Harrison DK, De Silva AKM, Bauer H (2007) The development of a simulation model and the determination of the die control data for the free-bending technique. Proc Inst Mech Eng Part B J Eng Manuf 221(2):163–171CrossRef
24.
go back to reference Wei WB, Wang H, Xiong H, Cheng X, Tao J, Guo XZ (2020) Research on influencing factors and laws of free-bending forming limit of tube. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 106(9–12):1421–1430CrossRef Wei WB, Wang H, Xiong H, Cheng X, Tao J, Guo XZ (2020) Research on influencing factors and laws of free-bending forming limit of tube. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 106(9–12):1421–1430CrossRef
25.
go back to reference Guo XZ, Wei WB, Xu Y, El-Aty AA, Liu H, Wang H, Luo XY, Tao J (2019) Wall thickness distribution of Cu-Al bimetallic tube based on free bending process. Int J Mech Sci 150:12–19CrossRef Guo XZ, Wei WB, Xu Y, El-Aty AA, Liu H, Wang H, Luo XY, Tao J (2019) Wall thickness distribution of Cu-Al bimetallic tube based on free bending process. Int J Mech Sci 150:12–19CrossRef
26.
go back to reference Guo XZ, Xiong H, Xu Y, El-Aty AA, Ma YN, Zhao YH, Zhang SH (2018) U-R relationship prediction method for aluminum alloy circular tube free-bending process based on sensitivity analysis of material parameters. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 99:1967–1977CrossRef Guo XZ, Xiong H, Xu Y, El-Aty AA, Ma YN, Zhao YH, Zhang SH (2018) U-R relationship prediction method for aluminum alloy circular tube free-bending process based on sensitivity analysis of material parameters. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 99:1967–1977CrossRef
27.
go back to reference Cheng X, Guo XZ, Tao J, Xu Y, El-Aty AA, Liu H (2019) Investigation of the effect of relative thickness (t0/d0) on the formability of the AA6061 tubes during free bending process. Int J Mech Sci 160:103–113CrossRef Cheng X, Guo XZ, Tao J, Xu Y, El-Aty AA, Liu H (2019) Investigation of the effect of relative thickness (t0/d0) on the formability of the AA6061 tubes during free bending process. Int J Mech Sci 160:103–113CrossRef
28.
go back to reference Guo XZ, Cheng X, Xu Y, Tao J, El-Aty AA, Liu H (2020) Finite element modelling and experimental investigation of the impact of filling different materials in copper tubes during 3D free bending process. Chin J Aeronaut 33(2):721–729CrossRef Guo XZ, Cheng X, Xu Y, Tao J, El-Aty AA, Liu H (2020) Finite element modelling and experimental investigation of the impact of filling different materials in copper tubes during 3D free bending process. Chin J Aeronaut 33(2):721–729CrossRef
29.
go back to reference Cheng X, Wang H, El-Aty AA, Tao J, Wei WB, Qin Y, Guo XZ (2020) Cross-section deformation behaviors of a thin-walled rectangular tube of continuous varying radii in the free bending technology. Thin-Walled Struct 150:106670CrossRef Cheng X, Wang H, El-Aty AA, Tao J, Wei WB, Qin Y, Guo XZ (2020) Cross-section deformation behaviors of a thin-walled rectangular tube of continuous varying radii in the free bending technology. Thin-Walled Struct 150:106670CrossRef
30.
go back to reference Guo XZ, Ma YN, Chen WL, Xiong H, Xu Y, El-Aty AA, Jin K (2018) Simulation and experimental research of the free bending process of a spatial tube. J Mater Process Technol 255:137–149CrossRef Guo XZ, Ma YN, Chen WL, Xiong H, Xu Y, El-Aty AA, Jin K (2018) Simulation and experimental research of the free bending process of a spatial tube. J Mater Process Technol 255:137–149CrossRef
31.
go back to reference Li HW, Ren GY, Li ZJ, Feng L, Yang H (2016) Forming mechanism and characteristics of a process for equal-thickness in-plane ring roll-bending of a metal strip by twin conical rolls. J Mater Process Technol 227(10):288–307CrossRef Li HW, Ren GY, Li ZJ, Feng L, Yang H (2016) Forming mechanism and characteristics of a process for equal-thickness in-plane ring roll-bending of a metal strip by twin conical rolls. J Mater Process Technol 227(10):288–307CrossRef
32.
go back to reference Xiao XT, Liao YJ, Sun YS, Zhang ZR, Kerdeyev YP, Neperish RI (2007) Study on varying curvature push-bending technique of rectangular section tube. J Mater Process Technol 187–188:476–479CrossRef Xiao XT, Liao YJ, Sun YS, Zhang ZR, Kerdeyev YP, Neperish RI (2007) Study on varying curvature push-bending technique of rectangular section tube. J Mater Process Technol 187–188:476–479CrossRef
33.
go back to reference Li T, Wang H, El-Aty AA, Li J, Zhang Y, Wei WB, Chen H, Cheng X, Tao J, Guo XZ (2020) Theoretical modelling and finite element simulation of AA6061 involute components based on 3D free bending process. Int J Mech Sci 178:105607CrossRef Li T, Wang H, El-Aty AA, Li J, Zhang Y, Wei WB, Chen H, Cheng X, Tao J, Guo XZ (2020) Theoretical modelling and finite element simulation of AA6061 involute components based on 3D free bending process. Int J Mech Sci 178:105607CrossRef
34.
go back to reference Zhan M, Wang Y, Yang H, Long H (2016) An analytic model for tube bending springback considering different parameter variations of Ti-alloy tubes. J Mater Process Technol 236:123–137CrossRef Zhan M, Wang Y, Yang H, Long H (2016) An analytic model for tube bending springback considering different parameter variations of Ti-alloy tubes. J Mater Process Technol 236:123–137CrossRef
35.
go back to reference Guo XZ, Xiong H, Li H, Xu Y, Ma ZY, El-Aty AA, Ma YN, Jin K (2018) Forming characteristics of tube free-bending with small bending radii based on a new spherical connection. Int J Mach Tools Manuf 133:72–84CrossRef Guo XZ, Xiong H, Li H, Xu Y, Ma ZY, El-Aty AA, Ma YN, Jin K (2018) Forming characteristics of tube free-bending with small bending radii based on a new spherical connection. Int J Mach Tools Manuf 133:72–84CrossRef
36.
go back to reference Shimada N, Tomizawa A, Kubota H et al (2014) Development of three-dimensional hot bending and direct quench technology. Proc Eng 25(5):2267–2272CrossRef Shimada N, Tomizawa A, Kubota H et al (2014) Development of three-dimensional hot bending and direct quench technology. Proc Eng 25(5):2267–2272CrossRef
37.
go back to reference Wang X, Zhou J, Liang Q (2014) Multi-objective optimization of medium frequency induction heating process for large diameter pipe bending. Proc Eng 81:2255–2260CrossRef Wang X, Zhou J, Liang Q (2014) Multi-objective optimization of medium frequency induction heating process for large diameter pipe bending. Proc Eng 81:2255–2260CrossRef
38.
go back to reference Lee YS, Lim JS, Kwon YN, Moon YH (2011) Fatigue characteristics of small radius pipe fabricated by pipe bending with induction local heating. Proc Eng 10:3333–3338CrossRef Lee YS, Lim JS, Kwon YN, Moon YH (2011) Fatigue characteristics of small radius pipe fabricated by pipe bending with induction local heating. Proc Eng 10:3333–3338CrossRef
39.
go back to reference Collie GJ, Higgins RJ, Black I (2010) Modelling and predicting the deformed geometry of thick-walled pipes subjected to induction bending. J Mater Des Appl 224(4):177–189 Collie GJ, Higgins RJ, Black I (2010) Modelling and predicting the deformed geometry of thick-walled pipes subjected to induction bending. J Mater Des Appl 224(4):177–189
Metadata
Title
Tube 3D Free Bending Forming Technology
Authors
Cheng Cheng
Qiucheng Yang
Xunzhong Guo
Xueshan Bai
Shenghan Hu
Hao Chen
Cong Wu
Tao Li
Hao Xiong
Ali Abd El-Aty
Copyright Year
2022
Publisher
Springer Nature Singapore
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-19-1348-8_7

Premium Partners