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2024 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

3. Tunnel Fire Tests

Authors : Haukur Ingason, Ying Zhen Li, Anders Lönnermark

Published in: Tunnel Fire Dynamics

Publisher: Springer International Publishing

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Abstract

This chapter gives a detailed overview of numerous large-scale fire tests carried out in different types of tunnels. Some important model-scale tunnel fire tests are also included. The information given sets the level of knowledge from this type of tunnel fire testing. The reason for doing tests is to obtain new knowledge about different phenomena. Although the focus is on large-scale testing, the fundamental knowledge is obtained both from large-scale and intermediate size tunnel testing as well as laboratory testing (e.g. scale models). The aim is usually to investigate some specific problems such as influence of different ventilation systems on smoke and temperature distribution along the tunnel, the fire development in different type of vehicles and the effect of heat exposure on the integrity and strength of the tunnel construction.

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Footnotes
1
Test year, cross section, tunnel length.
 
2
Longitudinal ventilation consists of fans blowing in outside air through the rear end duct system with an air quantity of 39 m3/s, i.e. a longitudinal velocity of 1.7 m/s.
 
3
Semi-transverse systems have air inlets at low levels but either no extraction or extraction at only a few points, so that the air and vehicle exhaust gases flow along the tunnel, at a velocity which increases along the tunnel length. The fresh air supply equal to 0.25 m3/s.
 
4
Transverse ventilation system has both extraction and supply of air. Fully transverse ventilation has equal amount of exhaust and supply air.
 
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Metadata
Title
Tunnel Fire Tests
Authors
Haukur Ingason
Ying Zhen Li
Anders Lönnermark
Copyright Year
2024
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-53923-7_3