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2024 | Book

Unified Vision for a Sustainable Future

A Multidisciplinary Approach Towards the Sustainable Development Goals


About this book

Unified Vision for a Sustainable Future: A Multidisciplinary Approach Towards the Sustainable Development Goals focuses on energy and the environment, highlighting interdisciplinary research, innovative strategies, and global initiatives presented at the International Conference on Collaborative Endeavors for Global Sustainability (CEGS 2024). The book explores the various pillars of sustainability – environmental, social, institutional, technical, and economic – and provides readers with case studies, practical solutions, and models for the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals. The book further examines the implications of these initiatives, analyzing their potential for long-lasting, sustainable impact.

This book will appeal to a broad readership. Academics, researchers, policymakers, sustainability advocates, and anyone interested in global sustainability will find the book insightful.

Table of Contents

Data-Driven Pathways to Sustainable Energy Solutions
In the rapidly evolving world of the energy sector, harnessing the power of neural networks and machine learning becomes crucial. This chapter deals with the intricate dimensions of datasets, delineating their types, structures, and classifications that are particularly relevant to energy-related applications. A meticulous exploration of data processing techniques, emphasizing preparation, transformation, labeling, and augmentation, is presented. Additionally, a comparative analysis of optimization algorithms clarifies their role in refining energy-focused models. The complexities, computation times, and accuracies of these optimizers are highlighted. Furthermore, the importance of hyperparameters, their optimal configurations, and the significance of adept tuning are underscored. Serving as a comprehensive guide, this chapter aims to bridge the knowledge gap of stakeholders in the energy domain, providing actionable insights into best practices for data-driven decision-making processes.
Mir Sayed Shah Danish, Mikaeel Ahmadi, Abdul Matin Ibrahimi, Hasan Dinçer, Zahra Shirmohammadi, Mahdi Khosravy, Tomonobu Senjyu
Multidimensional Analysis and Optimization of Bus Loads for Enhanced Renewable Energy Integration in Power Systems
Adopting an innovative framework, this study transcends traditional weak bus identification, exploring the interplay and causality among buses beyond direct connections. This multidimensional approach enhances system planning and operation by facilitating a comprehensive understanding of system load changes and elucidating the impact of a single-bus load alteration across the entire system. This methodology could underpin optimal renewable technology allocation in diverse contexts, promoting holistic system analysis. The research employed a combination of sensitivity and causality analysis to identify the most critical buses in the system, extending the analysis to the entire system rather than just neighboring buses. A web-based simulator was developed to predict the future values of the system’s most critical bus, “B03”, by considering the influence of other impactful buses under two conditions: their value in a previous time period (t-1) and their steady-state value before the simulation. Furthermore, an optimization process was performed to minimize the load on the critical B03 bus. By optimally distributing the load across the system based on the loadability of the entire system, the load at B03 was reduced from an initial 11.12–10.83 kWh. The neural network model, with a lower error rate of 3.85%, was more accurate than the baseline model in predicting the load on bus B03. The optimization process further enhanced the system’s ability to integrate renewable energy sources, contributing to a balanced and resilient power system. The proposed methodology’s superiority has been confirmed through experimental analysis of a sizable dataset from Iowa’s 240-bus power system. An adaptable framework, strengthened by various tools and techniques, can be successfully customized for a wide range of applications. This approach offers a promising pathway for the optimal allocation of renewable technologies, contributing to the development of more sustainable and resilient power systems.
Mir Sayed Shah Danish, Soichiro Ueda, Tomonobu Senjyu
An Overview of the Roles of Inverters and Converters in Microgrids
Microgrids signify a transformative approach in energy distribution, pivoting away from traditional power grids toward a more decentralized, efficient, and sustainable model. Central to microgrid functionality are power inverters and converters, which are crucial for transforming and managing electrical energy across various formats. These devices are instrumental in integrating a diverse array of energy sources, such as solar, wind, and batteries, into microgrids, marking a significant step in the transition toward renewable energy. The evolution of inverter and converter technology is characterized by significant advancements in semiconductor materials, control strategies, and system design. These developments have enhanced efficiency, reliability, and adaptability, particularly in renewable energy applications. The shift from simple linear models to sophisticated software-driven designs has enabled these devices to be integrated into smart grids, facilitating dynamic energy management and real-time adaptation to fluctuating load conditions. This study presents an introductory overview of the roles of inverters and converters in microgrids, highlighting their significance in modern power systems. It deals with the technical aspects, design methodologies, performance optimization strategies, and the implications of recent technological advancements. The study also addresses challenges and future prospects in this domain, including the need for standardized protocols, interoperability, and cybersecurity in increasingly connected energy systems. Future trends point toward the incorporation of artificial intelligence and machine learning for predictive maintenance, grid-support functionalities, and the development of more compact, cost-effective designs.
Alexey Mikhaylov
Integrating Machine Learning into Energy Systems: A Techno-economic Framework for Enhancing Grid Efficiency and Reliability
This study introduces a novel techno-economic framework integrating machine learning (ML) into energy systems to enhance their operational efficiency and reliability. With the increasing complexity and dynamic nature of modern energy grids, there is a pressing need for innovative solutions that ensure stability and adaptability. Our proposed framework leverages advanced ML algorithms to improve grid management, ranging from demand forecasting and renewable energy integration to real-time optimization and reliability assessment. Through a comprehensive analysis, we demonstrate the effectiveness of ML in accurately predicting energy patterns, optimizing resource allocation, and managing the grid in response to fluctuating demands. The results reveal that ML not only increases the precision of energy system models but also drives substantial improvements in both economic and environmental performance. The iterative development and validation process outlined confirms the potential of ML to transform energy systems into more responsive, efficient, and robust networks. As energy providers seek sustainable and cost-effective solutions, this framework marks a significant step toward a smarter energy future.
Mohammad Hamid Ahadi
Renewable Energy and Power Flow in Microgrids: An Introductory Perspective
This introductory study explores the basic principles and components of microgrid power systems, with a focus on integrating renewable energy sources. It addresses the challenges and opportunities in microgrid development, including the role of distributed generation (DG) systems, voltage source inverters, and the optimization of hybrid AC-DC systems. This chapter underscores the significance of effective power flow management in ensuring system stability and reliability. It also delves into the fundamental concepts of power transfer, system components, and different types of branches, loops, and nodes within a power grid. Moreover, the study highlights various approaches to power flow analysis, such as the unified, sequential, and eliminated methods, and their implications for microgrid operations. By providing an overview of key terminologies and conceptual frameworks, this study serves as a foundation for understanding the complexities and dynamics of microgrid systems. It aims to offer a preliminary guide to researchers and practitioners in the field of power system management, particularly those interested in renewable energy integration and microgrid optimization.
Mohammad Hamid Ahadi, Hameedullah Zaheb, Tomonobu Senjyu
Sustainable Energy Policies Formulation Through the Synergy of Backcasting and AI Approaches
This study focuses on the implementation of backcasting and artificial intelligence (AI) in energy policy development, emphasizing sustainable and equitable solutions for future challenges. The research introduces the backcasting methodology, a reverse-engineered approach focused on achieving desired future outcomes by analyzing the necessary steps from a future standpoint. This chapter provides a detailed implementation roadmap through a case study approach, demonstrating the practical application of backcasting in aligning energy policies with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Additionally, it introduces the ASHES framework (Assess, Strategize, Harmonize, Execute, and Sustain), a multidimensional tool integrating AI to enhance energy policy development. The framework’s application is explored through a hypothetical scenario, showcasing its efficacy in addressing renewable energy adoption and emission reductions while considering socioeconomic and ethical dimensions. This chapter also discusses the energy and carbon supply chain, highlighting the role of various sectors and technologies in managing emissions and leveraging AI. A systematic analysis of these components is presented, using a value-chain representation to illustrate the interconnected nature of these elements. This study culminates in a discussion on the challenges, opportunities, and future directions for integrating AI in energy policy, emphasizing the need for a multidisciplinary approach and stakeholder collaboration.
Mir Sayed Shah Danish, Mikaeel Ahmadi, Hameedullah Zaheb, Tomonobu Senjyu
A Blueprint for Sustainable Electrification by Designing and Implementing PV Systems in Small Scales
This chapter presents a comprehensive analysis of the planning, design, and implementation of photovoltaic (PV) systems, emphasizing their role in sustainable rural electrification and renewable energy integration. The chapter begins by examining the integration of solar energy into the electricity market, highlighting its contribution to energy security and climate change mitigation. It deals with the challenges and dynamics of incorporating distributed energy resources, with a special focus on solar PV systems. The chapter methodically explores the planning and design aspects of PV systems, considering factors like site location, climatic conditions, and grid connectivity. A case study on electrifying a rural community provides practical insights into the application of these principles. This chapter further details the components, specifications, and costs of PV systems, presenting exhaustive tables and guidelines for implementation. It also includes calculations and estimations essential for system balance and optimization, covering environmental, technical, and economic aspects. The chapter concludes with a discussion of lessons learned and provides a comprehensive conclusion, synthesizing the key findings and implications of the study for future renewable energy projects.
Hasan Dinçer, Abdul Matin Ibrahimi, Mikaeel Ahmadi, Mir Sayed Shah Danish
Unified Vision for a Sustainable Future
Mir Sayed Shah Danish
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