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20-07-2021 | Original Paper

Unloading Response Characteristics of Cross Fault Caverns: Effect of Fault Angles

Journal:
Geotechnical and Geological Engineering
Authors:
Yong-Hui Shang, Lin-Rong Xu, Yong-Wei Li
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Abstract

The research of unloading response characteristics of caverns with weak structure has important engineering value for the development and construction of underground space. In this paper, firstly, the cross fault cavity model is established based on particle flow code (PFC) software, considering different fault dip angles. The parallel bond model (PBM) is used in the cavern model and the smooth joint model (SJM) is used in the fault model. Then, the mechanical, acoustic emission (AE), energy response characteristics and failure modes of the cavern model with different fault angles are explored. The research result show that the fault angle has a great influence on the stress distribution and failure modes of surrounding rock. The existence of faults does not change the overall law of AE evolution curve, that is, the number of AE hits increases first and then decreases. However, the existence of faults changes the maximum number of AE hits and the duration of AE. When the cavern is unloaded, the strain energy of the model first decreases and then increases.

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