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2019 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

13. Values Associated with Reef-Related Fishing in the Caribbean: A Comparative Study of St. Kitts and Nevis, Honduras and Barbados

Authors : David A. Gill, Hazel A. Oxenford, Peter W. Schuhmann

Published in: Viability and Sustainability of Small-Scale Fisheries in Latin America and The Caribbean

Publisher: Springer International Publishing

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Abstract

A critical component of any fishery is its economic viability, and understanding the underlying socioeconomic factors that affect fishing activity and profitability allows for more informed management. Nevertheless, data on small-scale fisheries in the Caribbean are limited, potentially inhibiting informed and appropriately scaled policy implementation. In an attempt to better understand the economics of reef-associated fisheries across the Caribbean, interviews were conducted with over 182 commercial reef fishers in three types of communities (heavily dependent on reef fishing, on reef tourism and on both) in each of three contrasting countries (St. Kitts and Nevis, Honduras and Barbados). For each of the nine study sites, estimated annual net revenues from reef-associated fishing ranged from US PPP$0.03–0.95 million. Reef fishing was most profitable in St. Kitts and Nevis, where fishers have access to productive lobster and conch fishing grounds and an export market. In the Bay Islands (Honduras), most reef-related revenues were derived from snapper and grouper fisheries (for export), whereas in Barbados, where these high-value species (conch, lobster, snapper and grouper) are rare, revenues were comparably low. The reef fishery also represented an important social safety net across all communities, providing employment and a potentially critical source of protein to many low-income persons. These results demonstrate the current socioeconomic benefits of reef-associated fishing to coastal communities as well as the diversity of economic values among Caribbean sites. This site diversity highlights the need for fisheries policy and management to be guided by site-specific information rather than generalized assumptions about the industry.

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Footnotes
1
Personal communication (2013); Steve Canty, Fisheries Researcher, Centro de Ecologia Marina, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
 
2
Annual maintenance costs for net fishing ranged from PPP $908 to $20,104 based on the responses of two fishers in St. Kitts and Nevis and Barbados.
 
3
Estimates of the number of fishers at each site in St. Kitts and Nevis and in the Bay Islands were validated by key informants. Estimates for numbers of fishers at each site in Barbados are based on the number of fishers interviewed and the number of fishers who were identified in the scoping exercise, but not interviewed. As these values were rough estimates, they were rounded off to the nearest five fishers.
 
4
Despite the fact that the estimated seine fishing profits were also high, there were very few (or only one) seine fishers at some sites.
 
5
St. Kitts and Nevis national fisheries database.
 
6
Personal communication (2012) Dr. Kelvin Daley, Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Agriculture, Nevis.
 
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Metadata
Title
Values Associated with Reef-Related Fishing in the Caribbean: A Comparative Study of St. Kitts and Nevis, Honduras and Barbados
Authors
David A. Gill
Hazel A. Oxenford
Peter W. Schuhmann
Copyright Year
2019
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-76078-0_13