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2021 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

Voyages Along the Star Paths: Capturing Calendrical Cycles from Kauai to Bali

Authors : Vibeke Sørensen, J. Stephen Lansing, Nagaraju Thummanapalli

Published in: Culture and Computing. Interactive Cultural Heritage and Arts

Publisher: Springer International Publishing

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Abstract

Systems for the representation of temporal cycles play a vital role in all cultures, but they seldom figure prominently in studies of heritage. Anthropologists are often frustrated by he lumping together and dismissal of nonwestern concepts of time as merely “cyclical time”, interpreted as changelessness or the absence of progress. Here we compare two of the most complex and sophisticated calendrical systems known to anthropology, from the islands of Bali and Hawaii. The sheer complexity of these concepts and their intimate relationship to astronomical phenomena make them very difficult to compare using the scholar’s traditional toolkit of text and images. But they are admirably suited to immersive digital media. As well as facilitating descriptive exposition, real-time computer animation, music programming and other digital technology opens new avenues for research on the relationship of the abstract structure of calendrical systems to polyrhythms in music and other aspects of the phenomenology of time consciousness.

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Footnotes
1
Archaeologist Patrick Kirch surveyed 23 heiau in Maui and found that “The east north east cluster of orientations may be related to either the summer solstice sunrise or the rising of the Pleiades. In fact the acronychal rising of this asterism determined the onset of the Makahiki season and the new year, this group of temples may be dedicated to the god Lono, who was linked to the annual rising of the Pleiades.” César Esteban, “Astronomical Monuments in Polynesia and Micronesia”, in Helaine Selin, ed., Encyclopedia of the History of Science, Technology and Medicine in Non-Western Cultures. Springer 2008, 287.
 
3
Maud Makemson. 1938. Hawaiian Astronomical Concepts. American Anthropologist New Series, Vol. 40, No. 3 (Jul. - Sep., 1938), pp. 370–383.
 
4
Janet M. Wilmshurst, Terry L. Hunt, Carl P. Lipo, and Atholl J. Anderson. “High-precision radiocarbon dating shows recent and rapid initial human colonization of East Polynesia”, PNAS, vol. 108 no. 5, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1015876108.
 
5
Lansing, J. S. 2006 Perfect order: recognizing complexity in Bali. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
 
6
Ruggles op.cit. 2007:78.
 
7
Adam Kleinman, “The First Sharjah Architecture Triennial: Can Art Be an Applied Science?”. FRIEZE, 26 November 2019.
 
Literature
1.
go back to reference Hegel, G.W.F.: Lectures on the Philosophy of World History: Introduction, Reason in History (translated from the German edition of Johannes Hoffmeister from Hegel papers assembled by H. B. Nisbet), p. 440. Cambridge University Press, New York (1975) Hegel, G.W.F.: Lectures on the Philosophy of World History: Introduction, Reason in History (translated from the German edition of Johannes Hoffmeister from Hegel papers assembled by H. B. Nisbet), p. 440. Cambridge University Press, New York (1975)
3.
go back to reference Lansing, J.S.: Perfect Order: Recognizing Complexity in Bali. Princeton University Press, Princeton (2006)CrossRef Lansing, J.S.: Perfect Order: Recognizing Complexity in Bali. Princeton University Press, Princeton (2006)CrossRef
5.
go back to reference Cicero, M.T.: 45 B.C.E. De Natura Deorum. 2.61 Cicero, M.T.: 45 B.C.E. De Natura Deorum. 2.61
6.
go back to reference Lansing, J.S.: Priests and Programmers: Technologies of Power in the Engineered Landscape of Bali. Princeton University Press, Princeton (2007) Lansing, J.S.: Priests and Programmers: Technologies of Power in the Engineered Landscape of Bali. Princeton University Press, Princeton (2007)
Metadata
Title
Voyages Along the Star Paths: Capturing Calendrical Cycles from Kauai to Bali
Authors
Vibeke Sørensen
J. Stephen Lansing
Nagaraju Thummanapalli
Copyright Year
2021
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-77411-0_20