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2024 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

19. Water Management in Pakistan: Challenges and Way Forward

Authors : Muhammad Nawaz Khan, Adeel Mukhtar

Published in: The Water, Climate, and Food Nexus

Publisher: Springer International Publishing

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Abstract

Water management is the biggest challenge of twenty-first century being confronted by Pakistan due to inadequate water management practices, insufficient storage capacity, irrigation inefficiency, population explosion, over-exploited ground water, climate-induced water stress, and India’s water hegemony as upper riparian. Continuing mismanagement of water resources is resulting in increasing water insecurity in the country. Pakistan is already a water stressed country which has not optimally managed its available water potential through adroit water conservation and storage strategies. The country would not be water secure until it implements stringent water management measures in addition to building dams. In this context, the study endeavours to answer the question as to why adequate water management practices are essential for the future water security of Pakistan as well as its socio-economic development. The study also highlights challenges faced by the water sector in the country and concludes with the doable policy recommendations.

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Footnotes
1
The inter-annual variability indicator, defined by the Water Resource Institute as the standard deviation of annual total water divided by the mean of annual total water from 1950 to 2010, is calculated as follows: 0 represents the least variability, while 5 represents the most variability; the range for this metric is 0–5. This is much higher than China’s index of 1.97, India’s index of 1.72, Sri Lanka’s index of 1.59, and Bangladesh’s index of 1.59 (0.07).
 
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Metadata
Title
Water Management in Pakistan: Challenges and Way Forward
Authors
Muhammad Nawaz Khan
Adeel Mukhtar
Copyright Year
2024
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-50962-9_19