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Published in: Environmental Management 6/2021

26-08-2021

Wildfire, Environmental Risk and Deliberative Planning in the Locarnese Region of Switzerland

Authors: Annette M. Bardsley, Douglas K. Bardsley, Marco Conedera, Marco Pütz, Guy M. Robinson, Delene Weber

Published in: Environmental Management | Issue 6/2021

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Abstract

A survey of residents in the Locarnese region of Canton Ticino, Switzerland was used to examine perceptions of exposure to environmental risk in the context of the deliberative Swiss planning system. There is a growing risk of wildfire in the region, and unless residents’ risk perceptions are understood and effectively integrated into decision making, confidence in environmental planning processes could erode. The research analyses how peri-urban residents conceptualise risk, place and environment, and how they perceive their influence over local planning outcomes. Descriptive and inferential statistics reveal high appreciation of lifestyle and amenity values, and support for firefighting services. While respondents recognise the increasing exposure to wildfires and landslides, it was the current level of urban expansion that was seen to be heightening risk at the interface between forests and settlements. Although Swiss deliberative governance arrangements offer citizens opportunities to be involved in decision making through official channels, respondents who were younger, of local background or who were less educated were particularly dissatisfied with their influence over planning. We discuss the implications of these findings for the distinctive Swiss planning system in the context of other countries’ ambitions to develop more effective, democratic environmental planning. In particular, the relative ease offered by popular referenda may be creating a disproportionate sense of citizen entitlement to be heard on local planning issues. Dialogues of risk reduction must continue to evolve between the population and government actors to encourage residents to engage more fully with relevant topics of risk for their region.

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Metadata
Title
Wildfire, Environmental Risk and Deliberative Planning in the Locarnese Region of Switzerland
Authors
Annette M. Bardsley
Douglas K. Bardsley
Marco Conedera
Marco Pütz
Guy M. Robinson
Delene Weber
Publication date
26-08-2021
Publisher
Springer US
Published in
Environmental Management / Issue 6/2021
Print ISSN: 0364-152X
Electronic ISSN: 1432-1009
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-021-01523-5