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About this book

This monograph presents a state-of-the-art analysis of eco-friendly and aesthetic structures in wooden dome construction. The author demonstrates that the further development of wooden structures depends on both supplementing the testing of wood as a heterogeneous material, as well as on further improvement of fibrous structures with visco-elastic properties. The target audience primarily comprises research experts and practitioners in the field of building materials who are interested in innovative architecture.

Table of Contents

Frontmatter

Chapter 1. Introduction

The aim of this monograph is to present the opportunities of using wood as construction material in which both the architects and the designer can achieve various useful, cheap and aesthetic facilities, even for the most fastidious user.

Barbara Misztal

Chapter 2. Selected Elements of the Dome Building History

The development that was taking place over centuries in the field of the stability of wooden structures and constructions can be analysed by observing the changes occurring in the wooden building trade. Since wooden structures are specific models of geometrically invariable bar structures.

Barbara Misztal

Chapter 3. Multi-Shell Domes

The Renaissance brought into the Western-European building masonry two-shell domes, lighter than the massive, one-shell Roman concrete or masonry domes from stone or brick.

Barbara Misztal

Chapter 4. Thick-wall Domes

In parallel with old Mediterranean civilizations, Eastern-European civilizations were formed. In the areas of Eastern Europe, where woods were growing abundantly, marshy soils and heavier conditions for settlement occurred, structures were generally built in wood, including prestigious structures. Unfortunately, there are few historical records on this subject. The first information is to be found in the texts by modern historians.

Barbara Misztal

Chapter 5. Ribbed Domes

The examples of ribbed domes designed by the eminent architects: Neumann B., Weinbrenner F., Moller G. are described in Chap. 3. They introduced to the Western-European building trade the load-bearing systems, still imitating the scaffoldings to build masonry vaults, but also such systems in which separated meridional and latitudinal load-bearing systems already appeared. The impact of the stiffness of the plank floor on the load capacity of the system was omitted considering it to be slight in comparison to the main structure of meridional ribs and latitudinal bracings.

Barbara Misztal

Chapter 6. Shell Domes

The striving for the use in the operation of dome structures of all the elements creating the dome: ribs and the plank shell led to the creation of a dome having the form of a thin-wall rotating shell. Thin-wall domes were called such domes in which of an essential importance in the load capacity of the structure is the shell from planks nailed onto the meridionally laid assembly ribs. The dome’s geometry was formed using assembly ribs, creating at the same time a technological scaffolding of the plank shell. The use of meridional technological ribs also allowed to maintain the computational, mathematical shape of the shell. The ribs, upon consolidation with the shell from several layers of planks, substantially increased the load capacity of the complex structure of the dome.

Barbara Misztal

Chapter 7. Gridshell, Ribbed–Shell Domes

Shown in Fig. 7.1 is the schematic of the development of the covering geometry, starting with a cylindrical shell up to a polygonal shell formed from the series of intermingling cylindrical surfaces.Fig. 7.1Shaping of the geometry of open and closed shell coverings on polygonal projections

Barbara Misztal

Chapter 8. Selected Examples of Domes from Glued Laminated Timber

In the 20th century, dome structures got separated as stand-alone systems to cover free-standing public utility building facilities.

Barbara Misztal

Chapter 9. Issues of the Load Capacity and Stability of Compressed Wooden Bars

In the dome statics the interference of compressive forces is essential. As shown in the previous chapters, the builders of historical domes knew about it and used construction solutions preventing the negative effects accompanying the compression of wooden bars. The execution method of bars and of their connections in nodes takes into account the specificity of the static operation of domes and the properties of wood.

Barbara Misztal

Chapter 10. Effect of Time on the Mechanical Properties of Wood

The historically shaped wooden domes from solid wood, still built until the thirties of the 20th century, have a diameter up to 67.0 m—Kaszkarow K.P.

Barbara Misztal

Chapter 11. Testing Wooden Elements for the Building of Domes

The selection and choice of wood for the building of domes is a difficult task. Neither objective criteria for the choice of a wood species nor the best planks for the building of dome structures have been developed.

Barbara Misztal

Chapter 12. Assessment of the Physical Properties of Wood-Based Materials on the Basis of the Measurement of Free Vibration Parameters

The current economic pressure resulting from the need to recycle waste formed during the production of wood, (including the layer-wise glued laminated timber), has an impact (in many cases) on the incorrect use of wood-based materials in building constructions.

Barbara Misztal

Backmatter

Additional information