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17-05-2021 | Research

Youth migration and perception on business start-up in Uganda

Authors: Peter Kisaakye, Abel Nzabona, Christian Kakuba, John Bosco Asiimwe, John Mushomi, Richard Tuyiragize, Stephen Ojiambo Wandera

Published in: Journal of Global Entrepreneurship Research

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Abstract

The youth constitute a significant proportion (21%) of the total population in Uganda. They face challenges of unemployment, which forces them to migrate. This creates a high dependency burden since the majority are not employed and are seeking for paid work in both the private and public sectors. Migration is mostly used as a survival strategy to gain meaningful employment. Although a large body of evidence points to looking for employment as a major reason for youth migration, little is known about migrants’ perceptions towards starting their own business in Uganda. Drawing on a sample of 1157 youth migrants from a national cross-sectional survey on migration and employment, we seek to examine how perceptions influence job creation. Results from a multinomial logistic regression model pointed to four major findings. First, youth migrants who did not believe that they had the required skills to start a new business were more likely to be unemployed compared to those who believed they had the required skills. Second, the likelihood of being unemployed regular employee or paid worker was less among youth migrants who did not intend to start a new business in the next 1–2 years. Third, youth migrants who did not think it is a good opportunity to start a new business were more likely to be regular employees, and last, the likelihood of being a regular employee or a paid worker was observed to be higher for youth migrants who did not believe they had the required skills to start a new business than their counterparts who thought otherwise. The findings call for promoting positive attitude towards youth enterprise development. We recommend that promotion of entrepreneurship should be emphasised as an important component in solving youth unemployment in Uganda.

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Metadata
Title
Youth migration and perception on business start-up in Uganda
Authors
Peter Kisaakye
Abel Nzabona
Christian Kakuba
John Bosco Asiimwe
John Mushomi
Richard Tuyiragize
Stephen Ojiambo Wandera
Publication date
17-05-2021
Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Published in
Journal of Global Entrepreneurship Research
Print ISSN: 2228-7566
Electronic ISSN: 2251-7316
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s40497-021-00287-w

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