Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
This chapter examines the role of the state vis-à-vis the market in the Indian context associated with the Enabling State. India needs to obtain the appropriate balance between the role of the State and the functions of individual agents in the market place, be they firms, households and other institutions, to harness complementarities and synergies, and unlock talents from right across India. In the course of this chapter, India’s performance on a number of parameters relating to enablers is considered relative to comparator nations. A key focus of the chapter is on institutional revitalisation and renewal in India, in the context of a much more accountable and participatory State. The chapter closes by taking a closer look at three areas of priority, health, housing and food to provide new solutions for the pressing problems in these areas, as illustrations of the Enabling State.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
The licence, quota, permit raj reflects the myriad of controls, regulations and barriers to operate businesses, including restrictions on imports and foreign investment (Subramanian 2018a).
For example, Australia has a water trading scheme.
Good sectors are dynamic and high productivity ones, basically manufacturing, finance, telecommunications, and professional services, while less good are considered to be hotels, restaurants and transport.
Voice and accountability measures views of the extent of citizen participation in choosing a Government and freedom of expression, freedom of association, and a free media.
Government effectiveness captures perceptions of the quality of public services and civil service, its independence and the quality of policy formulation and implementation, as well as the credibility of the government's commitment to such policies.
Political Stability and Absence of Violence/Terrorism measures views of the likelihood of political instability and/or violence, including terrorism.
Regulatory quality captures perceptions of the ability of the government to develop and implement sound policies and regulations that facilitate business and private sector development.
Rule of law measures perceptions of the extent of confidence in, and adhering to rules of society, especially the quality of contract enforcement, property rights, the police, and the courts, and the likelihood of crime and violence.
Control of corruption measures views about the extent to which public power is exercised for private gain, including various types of corruption and “capture” of the state.
The 73rd Constitutional Amendment recognised Panchayat’s or rural/village tiers of Government as self governing institutions, and the 74th Amendment did the same for urban local government.
Some of the mechanisms for community input have also been envisaged and undertaken in the Smart Cities Agenda.
Panchayat is the village (or related rural area) leadership elected by the community.
A crore is equivalent to 10 million rupees.
Lok Adalats are quasi courts which rely on negotiation, consensus and mediation.
A similar notion was put forward as an idea for Australia more than a decade ago (Duncan et al. 2004).
Primary Health Care is usually general practice and allied health. Secondary care is mostly hospital based and specialised. Tertiary is even more specialised.
There ae also some elements of what we propose in Mor et al. ( 2017).
The Construction Development Fund could be an extension of the recently established National Housing Bank, a dedicated fund for affordable housing including priority lending and land authorisation (FICCI and CRBE 2018).
Countries benchmarked in this case are India, Bangladesh, Brazil, China, Malaysia, Russia, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Indonesia, Philippines, Russia, Pakistan and Vietnam.
Gandhi 2018 argues that MSP have fallen however.
McKinsey Global Institute ( 2014) speaks of a similar concept around Food Parks.
More generally, a job guarantee scheme has been put forward by Meyer ( 2019). This could be directed at agriculture as required in our view.
ABC News (2018) World’s first 3D printed house to be built in Netherlands, 8 June 2018. https://www.abc.net.au/news/2018-06-08/first-3d-printed-homes-to-be-built-in-the-netherlands/9846574. Accessed 8 June 2018
Alam N (2017) India’s demonetisation drive has boosted banks and start up’s but it is still a failure. The Conversation, 21 Feb 2017. http://theconversation.com/indias-demonetisation-drive-has-boosted-banks-and-start-ups-but-its-still-a-failure-71704
Bhandari L (2017) Energising the states 2017. In: Mohan R (ed) India transformed 25 years of economic reforms. Penguin Random House India
Botsman P (2001) Master to servant state. In: Botsman P, Latham M (eds) The enabling state. Pluto Press
Center for Global Development and Accountability Initiative (2015) Power to the states making fiscal transfers work for better health
Chand R (2019) MSP and farmers income. In: Debroy B, Ganguly A, Desai K (eds) Making of New India. Wisdom Tree
Corbridge S, Harriss J, Jeffrey C (2013) India today: economy, politics and society. Wiley
Cornell University, INSEAD, and WIPO (2018) The global innovation index
Cortright J (2001) New growth theory, technology and learning: a practitioner’s guide review of economic development literature and practice: no 4. Impressa Inc
Crabtree J (2018) The Billonaire Raj a journey through India’s new gilded age. Oneworld Publications Ltd
Das G (2012) India grows at night: a liberal case for a strong state. Penguin International
Das (2017) Some concerns regarding the goods and services tax. Econ Polit Wkly 52(9)
Das G (2019) Jobonomics India’s employment crisis and what the future holds. Hachette India
Debroy B (2018) Is the world simpler than it was before GST? The Jury is in The Economic Times, 29 May 2018. https://m.economictimes.com/news/economy/policy/is-the-world-simpler-than-it-was-before-gst-this-jury-is-in/articleshow/64359881.cms. Accessed 14 May 2019
Debroy B (2019) Reducing corruption-the Modi Government agenda. In: Debroy B, Ganguly A, Desai K (eds) Making of NEW INDIA transformation under Modi Government. Wisdom Tree
Deloitte (2016) Mainstreaming affordable housing in India, moving towards housing for all by 2022
Dewing C, Jones T (2016) Future agenda six challenges for the next decade. Third Millennium Publishing, London, UK
Dixit A, Mankar R (2018) New ideas for fighting corruption in India. QRIUS, 8 June 2018. https://qrius.com/new-ideas-for-fighting-corruption-in-india/. Accessed 20 June 2018
Doshi V (2018) India’s ‘Modicare’ a multi-billion dollar gamble on health The Sydney Morning Herald, 23 Sept 2018. https://www.smh.com.au/world/asia/india-s-modicare-a-multi-billion-dollar-gamble-on-health-20180923-p505hy.html. Accessed 6 Oct 2018
Dreze J, Sen A (2013) An uncertain glory: India and its contradictions. Princeton University Press, NJ CrossRef
Duncan M, Leigh A, Madden D, Tynan P (2004) Imagining Australia: ideas for our future. Allen and Unwin
Dutta A, Kulkarni K (2018) Cash strategies and black money: a look at India’s 2016 demonetization effect, one year later. Int Rev Bus Econ (IRBE) 2(1):1–6
FICCI and CBRE (2018) Affordable housing: the next big thing?
Florida R (2003) The rise of the creative class. Basic Books (Technology, Talent and Tolerance)
Florida R (2008) Who’s your city. Basic Books
Forbes S (2016) What India has done to its money is sickening and immoral. Forbes, 22 Dec 2016. https://www.forbes.com/sites/steveforbes/2016/12/22/what-india-has-done-to-its-money-is-sickening-and-immoral/#1232d6f817f5. Accessed 20 Feb 2016
Gandhi F (2018) A rural manifesto realising India’s future through her villages. Rupa Publications
Gomes E (2018) EPFO proposes move to create social security cover for all- all you need to know. QRIUS, 20 June 2018. https://qrius.com/epfo-proposes-social-security-cover-for-all/. Accessed 27 June 2018
Goswami (2016) Modi’s bank note ban has inflicted pointless suffering on India’s poorest. The Conversation, 25 Nov 2016. https://theconversation.com/modis-bank-note-ban-has-inflicted-pointless-suffering-on-indias-poorest-69157
Government of India (2017a) Ministry of Finance. Economic survey 2016–2017
Government of India (2017b) Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. National health policy 2017
Government of India (2018) Ministry of Finance. Economic survey 2017–2018
Government of India: Department of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance (2015) Report of the committee on revisiting and revitalising public private partnership model of institutions (Kelkar Committee)
Gulati A, Saini S (2017) 25 years of policy tinkering in agriculture. In: Mohan R (ed) India transformed 25 years of economic reforms. Penguin Random House, India
Gupta A (2016) Grassroots innovation, minds on the margin are not marginal minds. Penguin Random House India, Haryana, India
Hassan R (2017) Sustaining growth, ensuring inclusion. In: Nayyar D, Hasan R (eds) Shaping India’s future: essays in memory of Abid Husain. Academic Foundation, New Delhi
Heinrich (2017) Corruption and inequality: how populists mislead people. Transparency International. https://www.transparency.org/news/feature/corruption_and_inequality_how_populists_mislead_people. Accessed 15 Feb 2018
Hofstede Insights (2019). https://www.hofstede-insights.com/country-comparison/india/. Accessed 12 Mar 2019
Horton R (2018) Offline. The new politics of health in India www.thelancet.com, vol. 392, 15 Sept 2018 (growth in cancer etc) https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(18)32211-6/fulltext. Accessed 6 Dec 2018
I Paid a Bribe (2019). www.ipaidabribe.com. Accessed 2 May 2019
Jalan B (2017) India priorities for the future. Penguin Viking
Jalan B (2018) India ahead 2025 and beyond. Rupa Publications
Joseph J (2016) A feast of vultures. Harper Collins, India
Joshi V (2016) India’s long road. Penguin Allen Lane, Haryana, India
Kalam APJA, Singh SP (2015) Advantage India, from challenge to opportunity. Harper Collins Publishers, New Delhi, India
Kangas O, Jauhiainen S, Simanainen M, Ylikanna M (eds) (2019) The basic income experiment 2017–2018 in Finland. Preliminary results Ministry of Social Affairs and Health 2019
Katz B, Wagner J (2014) The rise of innovation districts: a new geography of innovation in America. Metropolitan policy program. Brookings
Khosla S (2018) India’s universal basic income bedevilled by the details. Carnegie India
Koul B (2018) Does India need a dictator. Vitasta Publishing
KPMG (2018) India real estate and construction: consolidating for growth
Krishna A (2017) The broken ladder. Penguin Viking, Haryana, India CrossRef
Kumar A, Prasad U (2019) Reforming the health sector. In: Debroy B, Ganguly A, Desai K (eds) Making of New India transformation under Modi Government. Wisdom Tree
Lancet Editorial (2018) India’s mega health reforms: treatment for half a billion, vol 392, 25 Aug 2018. https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(18)31936-6/fulltext. Accessed 6 Dec 2018
Land Transport Authority Singapore (2018) https://www.lta.gov.sg/content/ltaweb/en.html. Accessed 1 Dec 2018
Lateef S (2017) India’s governance challenges: why institutions matter. In: Mohan R (ed) India transformed 25 years of economic reforms. Penguin Random House, India
Latham M (2001) The new economy and the new politics. In: Botsman P, Latham M (eds) The enabling state. Pluto Press
Local Circles (2018) India corruption survey 2018 report, in Partnership with Transparency International, India
Mazzucato M (2015) The entrepreneurial state debunking public myths vs private sector myths. Revised Edition Public Affairs, New York
McKinsey Global Institute (2010) India’s urban awakening: building inclusive cities, sustaining economic growth
McKinsey Global Institute (2014) From poverty to empowerment: India’s imperative for jobs, growth, and effective basic services
Meyer H (2019) Five policies to deal with the loss of jobs to automation (UBI Is not on one of them). QRIUS, 15 Apr 2019. https://qrius.com/five-policies-to-deal-with-the-loss-of-jobs-to-automation-ubi-is-not-one-of-them/. Accessed 20 Apr 2019
Mitra P (2018) India accounts for a third of world’s malnourished children. QRIUS, 30 Nov 2018. https://qrius.com/india-accounts-for-a-third-of-the-worlds-malnourished-children/. Accessed 4 Dec 2018
Mor N, Dhar D, Venkateswaran S (2017) Healthcare in India: a fork in the road. In: Mohan R (ed) India transformed 25 years of economic reforms. Penguin Random House, India
Mundle S (2017) Two aspects of governance: public service delivery and corruption. In Nayyar D, Hasan A (eds) Shaping India’s future: essays in memory of Abid Hussain. Academic Foundation, New Delhi
Munjal S (2016) When will India leapfrog? In: Kumar S (ed) What will leapfrog India in the twenty-first century. Wisdom Tree
Murthy N (2016) A competitive edge. In: Kumar S (ed) What will leapfrog India in the twenty-first Century. Wisdom Tree
National Innovation Council India Inclusive Fund (2019). https://InnovationCouncilarchive.nic.in/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=52&itemid=34. Accessed 28 Apr 2019
Nayyar D (2017) The state and the economy. In: Nayyar D, Hasan A (eds) Shaping India’s future: essays in memory of Abid Hussain. Academic Foundation, New Delhi
Ninan TN (2015) The turn of the tortoise. Penguin Allen Lane, India
NITI Aayog (2017) India three year action agenda 2017–2018 to 2019–2020
NITI Aayog (2018) Strategy for New India @ 75
Nordman C, Guerin I (2018) The shock of India’s demonetisation: a failed attempt to formalise the economy. https://theconversation.com/the-shock-of-indian-demonetisation-a-failed-attempt-to-formalise-the-economy-93328. Accessed 4 Apr 2018
North DC (2016) The institutions and economic theory. Am Econ 61(1):72–76
Oxfam (2018a) The commitment to reducing inequality index
Oxfam (2018b) 15 shocking facts about income inequality in India. www.oxfamindia.org/block/15shocks. Accessed 30 Nov 2018
Palayi A, Priyaranjan N (2018) Affordable housing in India. RBI Bulletin
Panagariya A (2018) India’s trade policy folly: current turn to import substitution will take economy down from turnpike to direct road. The Times of India, 25 July 2018. https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/blogs/toi-edit-page/indias-trade-policy-folly-current-turn-to-import-substitution-will-take-economy-down-from-turnpike-to-dirt-road/. Accessed 5 Sept 2018
Panagariya A, Bhagwati J (2012) India’s tryst with dynasty. Collins Business, India
Panda B (2019a) Lutyens’ Maverick, ground realities, hard choices and tomorrow’s India. Rupa Publications
Panda B (2019b) Nutritional health: mother and child. In: Debroy B, Ganguly A, Desai K (eds) Making of New India transformation under Modi Government. Wisdom Tree
Pathak B (2019) Swach Bharat mission lays the foundation of change. In: Debroy B, Ganguly A, Desai K (eds) Making of New India transformation under Modi Government. Wisdom Tree
Paul V (2017) India’s big government: the intrusive state and how it is hurting us. Equity Master Agera Research Private Ltd
Citi GPS: Global Perspectives and Solutions (2016) Oxford Martin School 2016 Technology At Work v2.0
Petrikova I (2018) What India could learn from Ethiopia about food security. QRIUS, 29 Nov 2018. https://qrius.com/what-india-could-learn-from-ethiopia-about-food-security/. Accessed 4 Dec 2018
Piketty T (2014) Capital in the twenty-first century. The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, Cambridge, England
Porter M (1990) The competitive advantage of nations, the free press. Simon and Schuster, New York
Pritchett L (2009) Is India a flailing state detours on the four lane highway to modernisation. HKS faculty research working paper series RWP09-013, John F Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University
Rangarajan C, Dev S (2019) Removing the root of farmer distress. The Hindu, 28 Jan 2019. https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/removing-the-roots-of-farmers-distress/article26106031.ece. Accessed 5 Feb 2019
Reddy Y (2017) Union-State relations and reforms 2017. In: Mohan R (ed) India transformed 25 years of economic reforms. Penguin Random House, India
Salas A (2018) Slow, imperfect progress across Asia-Pacific. Transparency International. https://www.transparency.org/news/feature/slow_imperfect_progress_across_asia_pacific. Accessed 30 Mar 2018
Sandefur J, Wadhwa D (2018) A change in the World Bank methodology (not reform) explaining India’s rise in doing business ranking. Center for Global Development. https://www.cgdev.org/blog/change-world-bank-methodology-not-reform-explains-indias-rise-doing-business. Accessed 5 Feb 2018
Sanyal S (2018) India in the age of ideas selected writings 2006–2018. Westland Publications Private Limited
Saunders T, Mulgan G (2017) Governing with collective intelligence. Nesta
Saxena V (2018) India’s ambitious health insurance scheme questioned. Asia Times, 24 Sept 2018. https://www.asiatimes.com/2018/09/article/indias-ambitious-health-insurance-scheme-questioned/. Accessed 15 Oct 2018
Sivaramakrishnan KC (2015) Governance of megacities. Oxford University Press, New Delhi, India
Srivastava S (2019) Tracking the Modi-Meter in Forbes India. Pre-budget special, 1 Feb 2019
Subramanian A (2018a) Of Counsel. The challenges of the Modi-Jaitley economy. Penguin Viking
Subramanian T (2018b) Lateral entry into civil services is the reform India needs. QRIUS, 16 June 2018. https://qrius.com/lateral-entry-in-to-civil-services-the-reform-that-india-needs/. Accessed 20 June 2018
Swaminathan M (2016) Ending malnutrition and violence: pathways to a happy India. In: Kumar S (ed) What will leapfrog India in the twenty-first century. Wisdom Tree
The Economist (2016) Comparing crony capitalism around the world. https://www.economist.com/graphic-detail/2016/05/05/comparing-crony-capitalism-around-the-world. Accessed 17 Mar 2019
The Economist (2017a) India’s Prime Minister is not as much of a reformer as he seems. https://www.economist.com/leaders/2017/06/24/indias-prime-minister-is-not-as-much-of-a-reformer-as-he-seems. Accessed 24 June 2017
The Economist (2017b) Narendra Modi is a fine administrator, but not much of a reformer. https://www.economist.com/briefing/2017/06/24/narendra-modi-is-a-fine-administrator-but-not-much-of-a-reformer. Accessed 24 June 2017
The Economist (2018a) Why foreign investors are losing interest in India. https://www.economist.com/finance-and-economics/2018/12/18/why-foreign-investors-are-losing-interest-in-india. Accessed 18 Dec 2018
The Economist (2018b) Modicare India’s government launches a vast health insurance scheme, 27 Sept 2018. http://www.economist.com/asia/2018/09/27/indias-government-launches-a-vast-health-insurance-scheme. Accessed 8 Oct 2018
The Economist Intelligence Unit (2018a) Democracy index 2018: me too? Political participation, protest and democracy. https://www.eiu.com/public/topical_report.aspx?campaignid=Democracy2018. Accessed 10 Dec 2018
The Economist Intelligence Unit (2018b) Global food security index. https://foodsecurityindex.eiu.com. Accessed 3 May 2019
The Global Hunger Index (2016) India: making food a right for all. Wethunger Life. Case Study. https://www.globalhungerindex.org. Accessed 4 May 2019
The Global Hunger Index (2018) https://www.globalhungerindex.org. Accessed 4 May 2019
The Lancet (2017) Healthcare access and quality index based on mortality from causes amenable to personal healthcare in 195 countries and territories 1990–2015. a novel analysis from the global burden of disease study, 21 Nov 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10/016/50140-6736(17)30818-8
The Lancet (2018) Measuring performance on the health care access and quality index for 195 countries and territories and selected subnational locations: a systematic analysis for the global burden of disease study 2016, 23 May 2016. http://dx.doi.org/10/1016/50140-6736(18)30994-2
The Wire (2018) India jumps 23 places on World Bank’s ease of doing business ranking. https://thewire.in/business/india-world-bank-ease-of-doing-business-rankings-2019. Accessed 31 Oct 2018
Tilotia A (2015) The making of India. Rupa Publications India, New Delhi, India, Game Changing Transitions
Tiwari P, Rao D (2016) Housing market and housing policy in India. Asian Development Bank Institute (ADBI), Number 565, April 2016, ADBI working paper series
Transparency International (2018) Corruption perception index 2017. https://www.transparency.org/new/feature/corruptions-perceptions-index
Transparency International (2019) Corruption perception index 2018. https://www.transparency.prg/cpi2018. Accessed 9 Feb 2019
UK Development Initiatives (2018) Global nutrition report. Shining a light to spur action on nutrition
UN (2018) Human development indices and indicators. 2018 statistical update
Vikram K (2019) Three years on, government’s e-mandi project yet to gain traction. The New Indian Express, 3 Feb 2019. http://www.newindianexpress.com/sundaystandard/2019/feb/03/three-years-on-e-mandi-project-yet-to-gain-traction-1833566.html. Accessed 19 Feb 2019
World Bank (2012) World development report gender equality and development
World Bank (2018a) Doing business index 2019
World Bank (2018b) India development update, India’s growth story
World Bank (2019) Worldwide governance. https://info.worldbank.org/governance/wgi/#home. Accessed 15 Mar 2019
World Economic Forum (Klaus Schwab) (2018) The global competitiveness index
World Health Organisation (2019) Health statistics. www.who.int/topics/statistics. Accessed 2 May 2019
Zuboff S (2015) Big other: surveillance capitalism and the prospects of an information civilisation. J Inf Technol 30:75–89 CrossRef
Zuboff S (2019) Time to curb excesses of surveillance capitalism Straits Times, 26 Jan 2019. https://www.straitstimes.com/opinion/time-to-curb-excesses-of-surveillance-capitalism
- Springer Singapore
- Chapter 2
Neuer Inhalt/© Stellmach, Neuer Inhalt/© Maturus, Pluta Logo/© Pluta