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This chapter will focus particularly on the energy and water sub-sectors in the industrial sector of the economy. The discussion will not delve deeply into the economic characteristics and performance of the sub-sectors due to limitations of space, but it will aim to review their development over the last few decades. In the sections dealing with the energy sub-sector the focus will mainly be on woodfuel/charcoal and electricity which means that oil/gas will be excluded except in the introductory overview. It is clear that oil/gas developments are of the utmost importance to the Ghana economy, but the issues involved are so complex that it was decided to omit detailed consideration. Some aspects of the oil/gas industry are included in Chap. 8 dealing with mining and the minerals sub-sector, and others are included in Chap. 12 covering international trade. There will be some overlap with matters which are also dealt with in the chapter covering environment (Chap. 17) but this will be kept to a minimum. There is an appendix to this chapter which provides some historical background to the Akosombo hydroelectric project and its links to bauxite and alumina mining and processing operations.
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- Energy and Water
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