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2022 | Buch

Englisch für Architekten und Bauingenieure – English for Architects and Civil Engineers

Ein kompletter Projektablauf auf Englisch mit Vokabeln, Redewendungen, Übungen und Praxistipps - All project phases in English with vocabulary, idiomatic expressions, exercises and practical advice

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Über dieses Buch

Dieses Sprach-Lehrbuch wurde speziell für Architekten und Bauingenieure entwickelt, um sie zu befähigen bei der Kommunikation auf Englisch in der Berufspraxis mit fachlicher Kompetenz zu überzeugen.
Das Buch folgt den einzelnen Planungs- und Ausführungsphasen eines Bauprojektes und gewährt währenddessen Einblicke z. B. in die Stadtplanung, Technische Gebäudeausstattung, Nachhaltigkeitsaspekte und Bauen im Bestand. Die 7. Auflage, in einem neuen, modernen Layout, wurde überarbeitet und durch viele Wortdefinitionen sowie Lernhinweise ergänzt.
In Kooperation mit der Gesellschaft für Weiterbildung im Bauwesen (GeWeB) steht den Kunden des Buches zur Vertiefung der Lerninhalte ein kostenfreies E-Learning Modul mit 15 Übungen zum Hörverstehen sowie weiteren Aufgaben zu Grammatik und Fachvokabular zur Verfügung.
QR Codes im Buch ermöglichen außerdem einen direkten Zugriff auf die Hörverstehens-Übungen an den passenden Stellen.
Neu in dieser Auflage: Laden Sie die Springer Nature Flashcards-App kostenlos herunter und nutzen Sie exklusives Zusatzmaterial, um Ihr Fachvokabular zu prüfen.
Nach dem Gemeinsamen Europäischen Referenzrahmen (GER) für Sprachen entspricht das Lehrwerk einem Niveau von B2/C1.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Frontmatter
1. Project Basics
Sharon Heidenreich
2. Town Planning
Zusammenfassung
Construction work is subject to rules that have been carefully discussed and approved by a number of experts long before the planning of a project can take place. In developed countries, the legislation provides a framework for regulations and procedures that govern the planning process. It leads on to solutions for habitation, communication, education, transportation and more, all guided by professionals who have become known as town or urban planners. These planners and the experts supporting them carry enormous responsibility, because they are the people who determine the right position and mix of urban elements, which eventually lead to how successful a community is. Town planning or urban design is about the quality of the built environment. The built environment is characterised by the following elements:
Sharon Heidenreich
3. Briefing
Zusammenfassung
The brief is the key information defining the project upon which the design will be based. It is a set of instructions given to the architect or engineer by the client. In this sometimes very delicate process, it is the planner’s task to understand and interpret the statements made by the client and finally produce a concept design.
Sharon Heidenreich
4. Concept Design
Zusammenfassung
Considering the client’s brief and any additional information obtained, the planning team will start preparing drawings illustrating possible solutions. The first drawings, of which there may be many, may not be very detailed, but will show what the planner has in mind. They should illustrate and make it possible to appreciate the general massing, the external appearance of the building and its position on the plot. The arrangement of the interior, at least a rough outline, should also be included in a first presentation of the planner’s thoughts. The planning team may show the client several variants using a variety of presentation forms.
Sharon Heidenreich
5. Preliminary Design
Zusammenfassung
The appearance of a building involves a range of facts, features and elements, which together make up the design first on paper and later in reality. The description of a design includes general aspects like the shape, the relationship between different components as well as characteristic elements like the roof and the wall openings on the outside. Their description requires some fundamental vocabulary.
Sharon Heidenreich
6. Structural Design
Zusammenfassung
Structural engineers are responsible for identifying the best structural system for the structure at hand, no matter whether this is a simple retaining wall or a several hundred-metre-tall skyscraper. To become a structural engineer, one usually studies civil engineering, which, in addition to structural engineering, also covers transportation engineering, water resources engineering, materials science, municipal or urban engineering, etc.
Sharon Heidenreich
7. Building Components
Zusammenfassung
The carcass, also referred to as framework, shell or simply construction, is the unfinished building before any sheathing or other coverings are added. It is an organised system of elements, which can generally be divided into the superstructure: the vertical extension of the building above the ground with all the columns and beams and load-bearing walls supporting the floor and roof structures, and the substructure: the underlying structure forming the foundation of the building.
Sharon Heidenreich
8. Final Design
Zusammenfassung
This stage of the planner’s work is the completion of the design. Ideally, there should be no major changes after this point. If the project is sufficiently large to support a design team, there has to be a constant flow of information between the planning participants. It is the project manager’s task to coordinate the work of the design team and iron out all conflicts arising between team members.
Sharon Heidenreich
9. Building Materials
Zusammenfassung
Most construction projects involve a wide use of different materials. The list is very extensive, but the main ones for the structural framework are clearly concrete, steel, brick and wood. When designing a building or structure, the planning team must decide which materials are most suitable for the design and purpose. The main considerations to be taken into account when choosing a material are weight, strength, sustainability, fire resistance and, not to be forgotten, cost.
Sharon Heidenreich
10. Building Services
Sharon Heidenreich
11. Procurement Process
Zusammenfassung
Procurement is the process of selecting firms to perform the work described in the tender documents. Usually the size and/or the officialdom of the project determine which procurement path is to be taken. A common feature of procurement procedures is that they all require the preparation of tender documents.
Sharon Heidenreich
12. Pre-Construction
Zusammenfassung
The building project that began fairly simply, perhaps merely with a conversation between a client and an architect or a civil engineer, has become more complex over the previous months, the project team has grown and the cost commitment has increased. The run-up to the construction phase is especially critical. It is a time when a number of companies are contracted to offer advice, to supply specialist services, materials or components.
Sharon Heidenreich
13. Construction
Zusammenfassung
The contractor takes possession of the site on the date of commencement bringing the site to life as numerous tradespeople move in and set to work. The type and the scale of work determines the number of trades involved, the volume of noise to be expected and the duration of the project. For neighbours and surrounding properties, a very wearing period commences.
Sharon Heidenreich
14. Completion
Zusammenfassung
The completion stage is the last phase in the course of a project development. After months, sometimes even years, of construction work, the scheme, which was originally developed on paper, finally appears in its true dimensions. The diagram below shows the various phases of completion. The process is similar throughout the world. The number of certificates, however, varies as does the length and the character of the defects liability period.
Sharon Heidenreich
15. In-Use and End of Life
Zusammenfassung
The construction costs of a conventional new build represent only approximately 20% of the total life cycle costs. The remaining 80% is taken up by operation and maintenance expenses. The average life cycle of a building is 30 years, but it depends on the type of project and can vary considerably. When designing a building, the aim should therefore be to choose durable, low-maintenance materials and to ensure that these, along with the building services systems, are well looked after through regular servicing, repair and renewal of components. As the diagram below shows, the anticipated life span of a building can only be reached, or possibly exceeded, if the building components are well maintained.
Sharon Heidenreich
16. Education, Registration and More
Zusammenfassung
Since all planning professionals are responsible for planning as well as overseeing the development schemes, they require both theoretical and practical knowledge. This is acquired through a combination of academic education and professional training. Universities, universities of applied sciences, colleges and other institutes offer a variety of programmes with differing emphases, durations and requirements. In order to enrol in courses, the applicant has to have completed secondary education to the requisite standard.
Sharon Heidenreich
Backmatter
Metadaten
Titel
Englisch für Architekten und Bauingenieure – English for Architects and Civil Engineers
verfasst von
Sharon Heidenreich
Copyright-Jahr
2022
Electronic ISBN
978-3-658-36030-6
Print ISBN
978-3-658-36029-0
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-658-36030-6