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Nowadays, in many cities and in their development strategies we can see smart approaches implemented in order to transform cities into so-called smart cities. Our research implies less focus given to the field of safety, but still many of these municipalities implement solutions of a safe city concept as well. To reach resilience, however, it is needed to understand the city as a complex environment, with their smart and safe concepts as interconnected parts. This chapter deals with interconnected smart city and safe city concepts and their common systems are introduced. Smart and safe layers of the systems are defined and features, needed in every system, are further summarised. Definitions, describing both concepts and each of the system, are presented. Those are based on a number of studied and compared works, dealing with respective systems from various points of view, our own experiences and communication with executives, responsible for smart development of Tampere city. After summarising the big picture of this topic, it is concluded that for its complex understanding, the structure for concepts and their systems needs to be presented. Thus, such a structure was set up and is described in the second section.
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- Enhancing Resilience by Understanding Smart City and Safe City Concepts and Their Common Systems