Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
This chapter explains the linkage between resource acquisition and social embeddedness in the entrepreneurial process. It emphasises that new venture creation is complex and reflects combinations of material and immaterial things, goods and forces. Put another way, combinations of tangible resources such as premises, materials, equipment and finance, and intangible resources, including information, knowledge, intellect and human resources. Then the chapter stresses that entrepreneurial newcomers lack crucial resources, because of their smallness and newness. In addition, it emphasises how social embeddedness and social relations enable entrepreneurial newcomers to overcome resource constraints. Furthermore, the chapter illuminates how social capital permits a more complete and holistic understanding of social interaction across society and in the management and entrepreneurial process. Social capital theory extends the embeddedness concept and emphasises the multifaceted social structures, affairs and practices that promote access to resources.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Aalbers, R., Dolfsma, W., & Koppius, O. (2014). Rich ties and innovative knowledge transfer within a firm. British Journal of Management, 23, 96–109.
Aalbers, R., & Dolfsma, W. (2015a). Innovation networks: Managing the networked organization. London/New York: Routledge.
Adler, P., & Kwon, S. (2002). Social capital: Prospects for a new concept. Academy of Management Review, 27, 17–40.
Adler, P., Kwon, S. W., & Heckscher, C. (2008). Professional work: The emergence of collaborative economy. Organization Science, 19, 359–376. CrossRef
Aldrich, H., & Zimmer, C. (1986). Entrepreneurship through networks. In D. L. Sexton & R. W. Smilor (eds.), The art of science entrepreneurship. Cambridge/Ballinger: Smilor.
Amit, R., & Zott, C. (2001). Value creation in e-business. Strategic Management Journal, 22, 493–520. CrossRef
Andersen, O. J. (2008). A bottom-up perspective on innovations – Mobilizing knowledge and social capital through innovation processes of bricolage. Administration & Society, 40, 54–78. CrossRef
Anderson, A. R., & Jack, S. L. (2002). The articulation of social capital in entrepreneurial networks: A glue or a lubricant? Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, 14, 193–210. CrossRef
Anderson, A., Park, J., & Jack, S. (2007). Entrepreneurial social capital: Conceptualizing social capital in new high-tech firms. International Small Business Journal, 25, 245–272. CrossRef
Audretsch, D. (2007). The entrepreneurial society. Oxford: Oxford University Press. CrossRef
Audretsch, D., & Keilbach, M. (2004). Does entrepreneurship capital matter? Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 28, 419–430. CrossRef
Audretsch, D., Keilbach, M., & Lehmann, E. (2006). Entrepreneurship and economic growth. Oxford/New York: Oxford University Press. CrossRef
Audretsch, D., Aldridge, T., & Sanders, M. (2011). Social capital building and new business formation: A case study in Silicon Valley. International Small Business Journal, 29, 152–169. CrossRef
Barney, J. (1991). Firm resources and sustained competitive advantage. Journal of Management, 17, 99–120. CrossRef
Barney, J., Ketchen Jr, D., & Wright, M. (2011). The future of resource-based theory: Revitalization or decline. Journal of Management, 37, 1299–1315. CrossRef
Baron, R. (1998). Cognitive mechanisms in entrepreneurship: Why, and when, entrepreneurs think differently from other persons. Journal of Business Venturing, 13, 275–294. CrossRef
Baron, R. (2007). Behavioral and cognitive factors in entrepreneurship: Entrepreneurs as the active element in new venture creation. Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal, 1, 167–182. CrossRef
Batjargal, B. (2003). Social capital and entrepreneurial performance in Russia: A longitudinal study. Organization Studies, 24, 535–556. CrossRef
Batjargal, B. (2006). The dynamics of entrepreneurs networks in a transitioning economy: The case of Russia. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, 18, 305–320. CrossRef
Baumol, W. J. (1990). Entrepreneurship: Productive, unproductive and destructive. Journal of Political Economy, 5, 893–921. CrossRef
Becker, M. C., Knudsen, T., & Swedberg, R. (2012). Schumpeter’s theory of economic development: 100 years of development. Journal of Evolutionary Economics, 22, 917–933. CrossRef
Bennett, R. (2008). SME policy support in Britain since the 1990s: What have we learnt? Environment and Planning C, 26, 375–397. CrossRef
Bennett, R. (2014). Entrepreneurship, small business and public policy: Evolution and revolution. Abingdon: Routledge.
Besser, T., & Miller, N. (2011). The structural, social, and strategic factors associated with successful business networks. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, 23, 113–133. CrossRef
Beugelsdijk, S., & Schaik, T. V. (2005). Differences in social capital between 54 western European regions. Regional Studies, 39, 1053–1064. CrossRef
Bhide, A. (2000). The origin and evolution of new businesses. Oxford/New York: Oxford University Press.
Birley, S. (1985). The role of networks in the entrepreneurial process. Journal of Business Venturing, 1, 107–117. CrossRef
Blackburn, R., & Kovalainen, A. (2009). Researching small firms and entrepreneurship: Past, present and future. International Journal of Management Reviews, 11, 127–148. CrossRef
Boschma, R. (2010). Proximity and innovation: A critical assessment. Regional Studies, 39, 61–74. CrossRef
Bowman, C., & Swart, J. (2007). Whose human capital? The challenge of value capture when capital is embedded. Journal of Management Studies, 44, 488–505. CrossRef
Carter, N. M., Brush, C. G., Greene, P. G., Gatewood, E., & Hart, M. M. (2003). Women entrepreneurs who break through to equity financing: The influence of human, social and financial capital. Venture Capital, 5, 1–28. CrossRef
Casson, M., & Casson, C. (2013). The entrepreneur in history – From medieval merchant to modern business leader. Basingstoke/New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Castells, M. (1996). The information age: Economy, society, and culture – Volume 1 the rise of the network society. Oxford: Blackwell.
Castells, M. (1997). The information age: Economy, society, and culture – Volume II the power of identity. Oxford: Blackwell.
Chuang, C. M., & Lin, C. P. (2008). Social capital and cross-selling within financial holding companies in an emerging economy. Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 25, 71–92. CrossRef
Chung, L. H., & Gibbons, P. T. (1997). Corporate entrepreneurship: The roles of ideology and social capital. Group and Organization Management, 22, 10–30. CrossRef
Clark, J. (2009). Entrepreneurship in European agriculture: Identifying business enterprise characteristics and change processes. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, 21, 213–235. CrossRef
Cobb, S. C. (1999). The role of corporate, professional and personal networks in the provision of offshore financial services. Environment and Planning A, 31, 1877–1892. CrossRef
Cohen, D., & Prusak, L. (2001). In good company: How social capital makes organizations work. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press.
Collinson, S. (2000). Knowledge networks for innovation in small Scottish software firms. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, 12, 217–244. CrossRef
Cooke, P., & Wills, D. (1999). Small firms, social capital and the enhancement of business performance through innovation programmes. Small Business Economics, 13, 219–234. CrossRef
Cooke, P., Clifton, N., & Oleaga, M. (2005). Social capital, firm embeddedness and regional development. Regional Studies, 39, 1065–1077. CrossRef
Corbett, A. C., & Hmieleski, K. M. (2007). The conflicting cognitions of corporate entrepreneurs. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 31, 103–121. CrossRef
Cornelissen, J., & Clarke, J. (2010). Imagining and rationalizing opportunities: Inductive reasoning and the creation and justification of new ventures. Academy of Management Review, 35, 539–557. CrossRef
Dahl, M. S., & Pedersen, C. (2005). Social networks in the R&D process: The case of the wireless communication industry around Aalborg. Journal of Engineering and Technology Management, 22, 75–92. CrossRef
Dahl, M. S., & Sorensen, O. (2009). The embedded entrepreneur. European Management Review, 6, 172–181. CrossRef
Davidsson, P. (2015). Entrepreneurial opportunities and the entrepreneurship nexus: A re-conceptualization. Journal of Business Venturing, 30, 674–695. CrossRef
DeClercq, D., & Voronov, M. (2009a). Toward a practice perspective of entrepreneurship. International Small Business Journal, 27, 395–419. CrossRef
DeClercq, D., & Voronov, M. (2009b). Role of cultural and symbolic capital in entrepreneurs’ ability to meet expectations about conformity and innovation. Journal of Small Business Management, 47, 398–420. CrossRef
Donckels, R., & Lambrecht, J. (1994). Networks and small business growth: An explanatory model. Small Business Economics, 17, 273–289.
Drucker, P. (1985). Innovation and entrepreneurship. London: Heinemann.
Dubini, P., & Aldrich, H. E. (1991). Personal and extended networks are central to the entrepreneurial process. Journal of Business Venturing, 6, 305–313. CrossRef
Eckhardt, J., & Shane, S. (2003). Opportunities and entrepreneurship. Journal of Management, 29, 333–349. CrossRef
Elfring, T., & Hulsink, W. (2003). Networks in entrepreneurship: The case of high-technology firms. Small Business Economics, 21, 409–422. CrossRef
Elfring, T., & Hulsink, W. (2007). Networking by entrepreneurs: Patterns of tie-formation in emerging organizations. Organization Studies, 28, 1849–1872. CrossRef
Emirbayer, M., & Goodwin, J. (1994). Network analysis, culture, and the problem of agency. American Journal of Sociology, 99, 1411–1454. CrossRef
Erickson, B. (1996). Culture, class, and connections. American Journal of Sociology, 10, 217–251. CrossRef
Fadahunsi, A., Smallbone, D., & Supri, S. (2000). Networking and ethnic minority enterprise development: Insights from a North London study. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 7, 228–240. CrossRef
Foss, N., & Klein, P. (2012). Organizing entrepreneurial judgement: A new approach to the firm. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
Foss, K., Foss, N., Klein, P., & Klein, S. (2007). The entrepreneurial organization of heterogeneous capital. Journal of Management Studies, 44, 1165–1186. CrossRef
Frazier, B. J., & Niehm, L. S. (2004). Exploring business information networks of small retailers in rural communities. Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship, 9, 23–42.
Gaglio, C. M., & Katz, J. (2001). The psychological basis of opportunity identification. Small Business Economics, 16, 95–111. CrossRef
Galaskiewicz, J. (1985). Interorganizational relations. Annual Review of Sociology, 11, 281–304. CrossRef
Gartner, W. B. (1985). A conceptual framework for describing the phenomenon of new venture creation. Academy of Management Review, 10, 696–706.
Gemici, K. (2008). Karl Polanyi and the antinomies of embeddedness. Socio-Economic Review, 6, 5–33. CrossRef
Ghezzi, S., & Mingione, E. (2007). Embeddedness, path dependency and social institutions – An economic sociology approach. Current Sociology, 55, 11–23. CrossRef
Ghoshal, S., & Bartlett, C. A. (2005). The multinational corporation as an inter-organizational network. In S. Ghoshal & D. A. Westney (eds.), Organization theory and the multinational corporation. Basingstoke: Palgrave MacMillan.
Gilsing, V., & Nooteboom, B. (2005). Density and strength of ties in innovation networks: An analysis of multimedia and biotechnology. European Management Review, 2, 179–197. CrossRef
Gluckler, J. (2005). Making embeddedness work: Social practice institutions in foreign consulting firms. Environment and Planning A, 37, 1727–1750. CrossRef
Grabher, G. (1993). The weakness of strong ties: The lock-in of regional development in the Ruhr area. In G. Grabher (ed.), The embedded firm: On the socioeconomics of industrial networks. London: Routledge.
Grabher, G., & Stark, D. (1997). Organizing diversity: Evolutionary theory, network analysis and postsocialism. Regional Studies, 31, 533–544. CrossRef
Granovetter, M. (1985). Economic action and social structure: The problem of embeddedness. The American Journal of Sociology, 91, 481–510. CrossRef
Granovetter, M. (1992). Problems of explanation in economic sociology. In N. Nohria & R. G. Eccles (eds.), Networks and organizations. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Business School Press.
Gregoire, D. A., Barr, P. S., & Shepherd, D. A. (2010). Cognitive processes of opportunity recognition: The role of structural alignment. Organization Science, 21, 413–431. CrossRef
Gregoire, D. A., Corbett, A. C., & McMullen, J. S. (2011). The cognitive perspective in entrepreneurship research: An agenda for future research. Journal of Management Studies, 48, 1443–1477. CrossRef
Greve, A. (1995). Networks and entrepreneurship – An analysis of social relations, occupational background, and use of contacts during the establishment process. Scandinavian Journal of Management, 11, 1–24. CrossRef
Gulati, R. (1998). Alliances and networks. Strategic Management Journal, 19, 293–317. CrossRef
Gulati, R. (1999). Network location and learning: The influence of network resources and firm capabilities on alliance formation. Strategic Management Journal, 20, 397–420. CrossRef
Hafer, R. W., & Jones, G. (2015). Are entrepreneurship and cognitive skills related? Some international evidence. Small Business Economics, 44, 283–298. CrossRef
Hagedoorn, J. (2006). Understanding the cross-level embeddedness of interfirm partnership formation. Academy of Management Review, 31, 670–680. CrossRef
Hampton, A., Cooper, S., & McGowan, P. (2009). Female entrepreneurial networks and network activity in technology-based ventures: An exploratory study. International Small Business Journal, 27, 193–214. CrossRef
Harpham, T., Grant, E., & Thomas, E. (2002). Measuring social capital within health surveys: Key issues. Health Policy and Planning, 17, 106–111. CrossRef
Havnes, P. A., & Senneseth, K. (2001). A panel study of firm growth among SMEs in networks. Small Business Economics, 16, 293–302. CrossRef
Hess, M. (2004). Spatial’ relationships? Towards a reconceptualization of embeddedness. Progress in Human Geography, 28, 165–186. CrossRef
Hite, J. M., Hite, S. J., Jacob, J., Rew, W. J., Mugimu, C. B., & Nsubuga, Y. K. (2006). Building bridges for resource acquisition: Network relationships among headteachers in Ugandan private secondary schools. International Journal of Educational Development, 26, 495–512. CrossRef
Hitt, M. A., Ireland, R. D., Camp, S. M., & Sexton, D. L. (2001). Strategic entrepreneurship: Entrepreneurial strategies for wealth creation. Strategic Management Journal, 22, 479–491. CrossRef
Hitt, M. A., Ireland, D., Sirmon, D. G., & Trahms, C. A. (2011). Strategic entrepreneurship: Creating value for individuals, organizations, and society. Academy of Management Perspectives, 25, 57–75. CrossRef
Hoang, H., & Antoncic, B. (2003). Network-based research in entrepreneurship: A critical review. Journal of Business Venturing, 18, 165–187. CrossRef
Huggins, R., & Johnston, A. (2010). Knowledge flow and inter-firm networks: The influence of network resources, spatial proximity and firm size. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, 22, 457–484. CrossRef
Hung, H. (2006). Formation and survival of new ventures – A path from interpersonal to interorganizational networks. International Small Business Journal, 24, 359–378. CrossRef
Ireland, R. D., Hitt, M. A., & Sirmon, D. G. (2003). A model of strategic entrepreneurship: The construct and its dimensions. Journal of Management, 29, 963–989. CrossRef
Jack, S. (2005). The role, use and activation of strong and weak network ties: A qualitative analysis. Journal of Management Studies, 42, 1233–160. CrossRef
Jack, S. (2010). Approaches to studying networks: Implications and outcomes. Journal of Business Venturing, 25, 120–137. CrossRef
Jack, S., & Anderson, A. (2002). The effects of embeddedness on the entrepreneurial process. Journal of Business Venturing, 17, 467–487. CrossRef
Jenssen, J., & Greve, A. (2002). Does the degree of redundancy in social networks influence the success of business start-ups? International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour and Research, 8, 254–267. CrossRef
Johannisson, B., Ramirez-Pasillas, M., & Karlsson, G. (2002). The institutional embeddedness of local inter-firm networks: A leverage for business creation. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, 14, 297–315. CrossRef
Johnson, C. A. (2007). Social capital and the search for information: Examining the role of social capital in information seeking behavior in Mongolia. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 58, 883–894. CrossRef
Jones, O. (2005). Manufacturing regeneration through corporate entrepreneurship – Middle managers and organizational innovation. International Journal of Operations & Production Management, 25, 491–511. CrossRef
Jones, O., Macpherson, A., & Thorpe, R. (2010). Learning in owner managed small firms: Mediating artefacts and strategic space. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, 22, 649–673. CrossRef
Jones, O., Macpherson, A., & Jayawarna, D. (2014). Resourcing the start-up business: Creating dynamic entrepreneurial learning capabilities. London/New York: Routledge.
Kalantaridis, C., & Bika, Z. (2006). Local embeddedness and rural entrepreneurship: Case-study evidence from Cumbria. Environment and Planning A, 38, 1561–1579. CrossRef
Katz, J., & Gartner, W. B. (1988). Properties of emerging organizations. Academy of Management Review, 13, 429–441.
Kim, P. H., & Aldrich, H. (2005). Social capital and entrepreneurship. Foundations and Trends in Entrepreneurship, 1, 55–104. CrossRef
Kim, P. H., Aldrich, H. E., & Keister, L. A. (2006a). Access (not) denied: The impact of financial, human, and cultural capital on entrepreneurial entry in the United States. Small Business Economics, 27, 5–22. CrossRef
Kim, T. Y., Oh, H., & Swaminathan, A. (2006b). Framing interorganizational network change: A network inertia perspective. Academy of Management Review, 31, 704–720. CrossRef
Kirzner, I. M. (1973). Competition and entrepreneurship. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Kirzner, I. M. (1997). Entrepreneurial discovery and the competitive market process: An Austrian approach. Journal of Economic Literature, 35, 60–85.
Kloosterman, R. C. (2010). Matching opportunities with resources: A framework for analyzing entrepreneurship from a mixed embeddedness perspective. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, 22, 25–45. CrossRef
Klyver, K., & Schenkel, M. T. (2013). From resource access to use: Exploring the impact of resource combinations on nascent entrepreneurship. Journal of Small Business Management, 51, 539–556. CrossRef
Kwon, S., & Adler, P. (2014). Social capital: Maturation of a field of research. Academy of Management Review, 39, 412–422. CrossRef
Larson, A., & Starr, J. A. (1993). A network model of organization formation. Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice, 17, 5–16.
Lazear, E. (2005). Entrepreneurship. Journal of Labor Economics, 23, 649–680. CrossRef
Lechner, C., & Dowling, M. (2003). Firm networks: External relations as sources for the growth and competitiveness of entrepreneurial firms. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, 15, 1–26. CrossRef
Lechner, C., Dowling, M., & Welpe, I. (2006). Firm networks and firm development: The role of the relational mix. Journal of Business Venturing, 21, 514–540. CrossRef
Lee, R. (2009). Social capital and business and management: Setting a research agenda. International Journal of Management Reviews, 11, 247–273. CrossRef
Lesser, E. L. (2000). Leveraging social capital in organizations. In E. L. Lesser (ed.), Knowledge and social Capital. Woburn: Butterworth Heinemann.
Li, L., Lin, Z., & Arya, B. (2008). The turtle-hare race story revisited: Social capital and resource accumulation for firms from emerging economies. Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 25, 251–275. CrossRef
Liao, J., & Welsch, H. (2005). Roles of social capital in venture creation: Key dimensions and research implications. Journal of Small Business Management, 43, 345–362. CrossRef
Lin, N. (1999a). Building a network theory of social capital. Connections, 22, 28–51.
Lin, N. (1999b). Social networks and status attainment. Annual Review of Sociology, 25, 467–487. CrossRef
Lin, J. L., Fang, S. C., Fang, S. R., & Tsai, F. S. (2009). Network embeddedness and technology transfer performance in R&D consortia in Taiwan. Technovation, 29, 763–774. CrossRef
Lochner, K., Kawachi, I., & Kennedy, B. (1999). Social capital: A guide to its measurement. Health and Place, 5, 259–270. CrossRef
Lorenzen, M. (2007). Social capital and localized learning: Proximity and place in technological and institutional dynamics. Urban Studies, 44, 799–817. CrossRef
Lounsbury, M., & Glynn, M. (2001). Cultural entrepreneurship: Stories, legitimacy, and the acquisition of resources. Strategic Management Journal, 22, 545–564.
Lumpkin, G. T., & Dess, G. G. (1996). Clarifying the entrepreneurial orientation construct and linking it to performance. Academy of Management Review, 21, 135–172.
Malecki, E. (2004). Jockeying for position: What it means and why it matters to regional development policy when places compete. Regional Studies, 38, 1101–1120. CrossRef
Malecki, E. (2012). Regional social capital: Why it matters. Regional Studies, 46, 1023–1039. CrossRef
Manning, P. (2010). Explaining and developing social capital for knowledge management purposes. Journal of Knowledge Management, 14, 83–99. CrossRef
Manolova, T. S., Carter, N. M., Manev, I. M., & Gyoshev, B. S. (2007). The differential effect of men and women entrepreneurs’ human capital and networking on growth expectancies in Bulgaria. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 31, 407–426. CrossRef
Maskell, P. (2000). Social capital, innovation, and competitiveness. In S. Baron, J. Field, & T. Schuller (eds.), Social capital – Critical perspectives. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Mason, C., & Brown, R. (2013). Creating good public policy to support high-growth firms. Small Business Economics, 40, 211–225. CrossRef
Maula, M., Autio, E., & Murray, G. (2003). Prerequisites for the creation of social capital and subsequent knowledge acquisition in corporate venture capital. Venture Capital, 5, 117–134. CrossRef
McKeever, E., Jack, S., & Anderson, A. (2015). Embedded entrepreneurship in the creative re-construction of place. Journal of Business Venturing, 30, 50–65. CrossRef
Nahapiet, J., & Ghoshal, S. (1998). Social capital, intellectual capital, and the organizational advantage. The Academy of Management Review, 23, 242–266.
Nambisan, S., & Sawhney, M. (2011). Orchestration processes in network-centric innovation. Academy of Management Perspectives, 25, 40–57. CrossRef
Navis, C., & Glynn, M. A. (2011). Legitimate distinctiveness and the entrepreneurial identity: Influence on investor judgements of new venture plausibility. Academy of Management Review, 36, 479–499.
Nee, V., & Ingram, P. (1998). Embeddedness and beyond: Institutions, exchange, and social structure. In M. C. Brinton & V. Nee (eds.), The new institutionalism in sociology. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
Neergaard, H. (2005). Networking activities in technology-based entrepreneurial teams. International Small Business Journal, 23, 257–278. CrossRef
Newbert, S. L., Tornikoski, E. T., & Quigley, N. R. (2013). Exploring the evolution of supporter networks in the creation of new organizations. Journal of Business Venturing, 28, 281–298. CrossRef
Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). (1996). The knowledge-based economy. Available at https://www.oecd.org/sti/sci-tech/1913021.pdf.
Pennings, J. M., Lee, K., & Witteloostuijn, A. V. (1998). Human capital, social capital, and firm dissolution. Academy of Management Journal, 41, 425–440. CrossRef
Penrose, E. T. (1959). The theory of the growth of the firm. New York: Wiley.
Pfeffer, J., & Salancik, G. R. (1978). The external control of organizations – A resource dependence perspective. New York: Harper & Row.
Pickernell, D., Senyard, J., Jones, P., Packham, G., & Ramsey, E. (2013). Entrepreneurship policy and the role of government – evidence from the federation of small businesses survey. Journal of Small Enterprise Development, 20, 358–382. CrossRef
Polanyi, K. (1944). The great transformation – The political and economic origins of our time. Boston: Beacon Press.
Portes, A. (1998). Social capital: Its origins and applications in modern sociology. Annual Review of Sociology, 24, 1–24. CrossRef
Portes, A., & Landolt, P. (2000). Social capital: Promise and pitfalls of its role in development. Journal of Latin American Studies, 32, 529–547. CrossRef
Putnam, R. D. (2000). Bowling alone. New York: Simon & Schuster. CrossRef
Putnam, R. D., Feldstein, L. W., & Cohen, D. (2003). Better together – Restoring the American community. New York: Simon and Schuster.
Ram, M., Theodorakopoulos, N., & Jones, T. (2008). Forms of capital, mixed embeddedness and Somali enterprise. Work, Employment and Society, 22, 427–446. CrossRef
Rutten, R., & Boekema, F. (2007). Regional social capital: Embeddedness, innovation networks and regional economic development. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 74, 1834–1846. CrossRef
Sarasvathy, S., Kumar, K., York, J., & Bhagavatula, S. (2014). An effectual approach to international entrepreneurship: Overlaps, challenges, and provocative possibilities. Entrepreneurship, Theory & Practice, 38, 71–93. CrossRef
Schuller, T., Baron, S., & Field, J. (2000). Social capital: A review and critique. In S. Baron, J. Field, & T. Schuller (eds.), Social capital – critical perspectives. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Schumpeter, J. A. (1934). The theory of economic development. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Shane, S. (2000). Prior knowledge and the discovery of entrepreneurial opportunities. Organization Science, 11, 448–469. CrossRef
Shane, S., & Venkataraman, S. (2000). The promise of entrepreneurship as a field of research. Academy of Management Review, 25, 217–226.
Shaw, E. (2006). Small firm networking: An insight into contents and motivating factors. International Small Business Journal, 24, 5–31. CrossRef
Shepherd, D. A., & Krueger, N. F. (2002). An intentions based model of entrepreneurial teams’ social cognition. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 27, 167–185. CrossRef
Sirmon, D. G., Hitt, M. A., & Ireland, R. D. (2007). Managing firm resources in dynamic environments to create value: Looking inside the black box. Academy of Management Review, 32, 273–292. CrossRef
Sorenson, O. (2003). Social networks and industrial geography. Journal of Evolutionary Economics, 13, 513–527. CrossRef
Spencer, A. S., Kirchhoff, B. A., & White, C. (2008). Entrepreneurship, innovation, and wealth distribution. International Small Business Journal, 26, 9–26. CrossRef
Staber, U. (2007). Contextualising research on social capital in regional clusters. International Journal of Urban and Regional Studies, 31, 505–521. CrossRef
Starr, J. A., & MacMillan, I. C. (1990). Resource cooptation via social contracting: Resource acquisition strategies for new ventures. Strategic Management Journal, 11, 79–92. CrossRef
Stevenson, H., & Jarillo, J. (1990). A paradigm of entrepreneurship: Entrepreneurial management. Strategic Management Journal, 11, 17–27.
Storey, D., & Greene, F. (2010). Small business and entrepreneurship. Harlow: Pearson.
Suarez-Villa, L. (1998). The structures of cooperation: Downscaling, outsourcing and the networked alliance. Small Business Economics, 10, 5–16. CrossRef
Sundberg, M. (2007). Mobilizing networks – Researcher roles in atmospheric science. Acta Sociologica, 50, 271–282. CrossRef
Szarka, J. (1990). Networking and small firms. International Small Business Journal, 8, 10–22. CrossRef
Tornikoski, E., & Newbert, S. (2007). Exploring the determinants of organizational emergence: A legitimacy perspective. Journal of Business Venturing, 22, 311–335. CrossRef
Totterman, A. K., & Widen-Wulf, G. (2007). What a social capital perspective can bring to the understanding of information sharing in a university context. Information Research, 12, 1–12.
Tsang, D. (2006). The entrepreneurial culture: Network advantage within Chinese and Irish software firms. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar. CrossRef
Tura, T., & Harmaakorpi, V. (2005). Social capital in building regional innovative capability. Regional Studies, 39, 1111–1125. CrossRef
Uzzi, B. (1996). The sources and consequences of embeddedness for the economic performance of organizations: The network effect. American Sociological Review, 61, 674–698. CrossRef
Uzzi, B. (1999). Embeddedness in the making of financial capital: How social relations and networks benefit firms seeking financing. American Sociological Review, 64, 481–505. CrossRef
Velasco, S. A. (2006). Opportunity development as a learning process for entrepreneurs. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour and Research, 12, 251–271. CrossRef
Verspagen, B., & Duysters, G. (2004). The small worlds of strategic technology alliances. Technovation, 24, 563–571. CrossRef
Walter, A., Auer, M., & Ritter, T. (2006). The impact of network capabilities and entrepreneurial orientation on university spin-off performance. Journal of Business Venturing, 21, 541–567. CrossRef
Wang, C., & Altinay, L. (2012). Social embeddedness, entrepreneurial orientation and firm growth in ethnic minority small businesses in the UK. International Small Business Journal, 30, 3–23. CrossRef
Whittaker, A., & Banwell, C. (2002). Positioning policy: The epistemology of social capital and its application in applied rural research in Australia. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour and Research, 61, 252–261.
Witt, P. (2004). Entrepreneurs’ networks and the success of start-ups. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, 16, 391–412. CrossRef
Wittel, A. (2001). Towards a network sociality. Theory, Culture & Society, 18, 51–76. CrossRef
Yli-Renko, H., Autio, E., & Sapienza, H. J. (2001). Social capital, knowledge acquisition, and knowledge exploitation in young technology-based firms. Strategic Management Journal, 22, 587–613. CrossRef
Yli-Renko, H., & Autio, E. (1998). The network embeddedness of new technology-based firms: Developing a systematic evolution model. Small Business Economics, 11, 253–267. CrossRef
Zahra, S. A., Korri, J. S., & Yu, J. (2005). Cognition and international entrepreneurship: Implications for research on international opportunity recognition and exploitation. International Business Review, 14, 129–146. CrossRef
Andersen, E. S. (2012). Schumpeter’s core works revisited – resolved problems and remaining challenges. Journal of Evolutionary Economics, 22, 621–625. CrossRef
Burt, R.S. (1992). Structural holes. The social structure of competition. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Leyden, D., Link, A., & Siegel, D. (2014). A theoretical analysis of the role of social networks in entrepreneurship. Research Policy, 43, 1157–1163. CrossRef
Newbert, S., & Tornikoski, E. (2012). Supporter networks and network growth: A contingency model of organizational emergence. Small Business Economics, 39, 141–159. CrossRef
Pittaway, L., Robertson, M., Munir, K. & Denyer, D. (2004). Networking and innovation: A systematic review of the evidence. International Journal of Management Reviews, 5, 137–168. CrossRef
Vissa, B. (2011). A matching theory of entrepreneurs’ tie formation intentions and initiation of economic exchange. Academy of Management Journal, 54, 137–158. CrossRef
Haynie, M., Shepherd, D., & Patzelt, H. (2012). Cognitive adaptability and an entrepreneurial task: The role of metacognitive ability and feedback. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 36, 237–265. CrossRef
- Entrepreneurial Newcomers: Resources and Social Embeddedness
- Palgrave Macmillan UK
Neuer Inhalt/© Stellmach, Neuer Inhalt/© BBL, Neuer Inhalt/© Maturus, Pluta Logo/© Pluta, Neuer Inhalt/© hww, Voraussetzungen für wirtschaftliche additive Fertigung/© Marco2811 | Fotolia