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2022 | Buch

Entrepreneurship and Social Innovation for Sustainability

Focusing on a Haor Region of Bangladesh

verfasst von: Sohel Rana, Lily Kiminami, Shinichi Furuzawa

Verlag: Springer Nature Singapore

Buchreihe : SpringerBriefs in Economics

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Über dieses Buch

This book aims to assess the roles of entrepreneurship and social innovation for socio-cultural changes. It also evaluates farmers’ performance in disaster risk management at a community level toward sustainable regional development in a rural haor region of Bangladesh. To achieve the purpose of the research, both a qualitative method (Trajectory Equifinality Modeling, TEM) and a quantitative method (Structural Equation Modeling, SEM) are introduced, based on the results of case studies on local entrepreneurs, interview and focus group discussions with stakeholders, and questionnaire surveys of farm households.

First, the results clarify that social capital is critically important both for male and female entrepreneurs in the haor region, and that education is more important to women for empowerment and technology adoption in the entrepreneurial ecosystem in the haor region of Bangladesh. In addition, it makes clear that the Common Interest Group approach plays a role for women’s empowerment in the target region. Furthermore, it identifies the multi-causal relationships among the factors affecting farm households’ performance in disaster risk management at the community level.

This book helps readers to understand regional development through social and cultural transformation in a rural community where poverty and gender discrimination are path-dependent problems.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Frontmatter
Chapter 1. Introduction
Abstract
Bangladesh's economic development has gradually improved over the last two decades, but there are regional disparities in its development. The Haor region is located in the northeastern part of the country, where the natural environment is unfavorable and socio-economic development is delayed. However, sustainable regional development is a dynamic process that involves multi-sectoral approach to the economic and social development of a region. Each region has its own unique characteristics of natural and human resources, level of technological development, institutional structure, values and ethics. Therefore, the main purpose of this research is to assess the role of entrepreneurship and social innovation for social and cultural changes; and farmers’ performance in disaster risk management at the community level towards sustainable regional development in a less favored haor region of Bangladesh. The study targets a rural haor area of Kishoreganj district of Bangladesh.
Sohel Rana, Lily Kiminami, Shinichi Furuzawa
Chapter 2. Literature Review on Regional Development, Entrepreneurship, Social Innovation and Disaster Risk Management
Abstract
Based on the literature review on regional development, entrepreneurship, social innovation and disaster risk managment, this study pointed out that although the accumulation of studies on entrepreneurship and social entrepreneurship are advanced, the study focusing on entrepreneurship and socio-cultural change in a specific cultural context in developing countries by comparing male and female entrepreneurs is scarce. In addition, there are quite a few research on the impacts of common interest group (CIG) approach for empowering women through socio-political transformation in the haor region. Therefore, comparing the cases of local male and female entrepreneurs from various angles in the haor region of Bangladesh will help us to have a deeper understanding of the above-mentioned issues and to consider effective approaches for the solution. Furthermore, it is necessary to identify multi-causal relationships among factors affecting farmers’ performance in disaster risk management (DRM) at community level through the covariance structure analysis.
Sohel Rana, Lily Kiminami, Shinichi Furuzawa
Chapter 3. Regional Characteristics of the Target Region
Abstract
The haor region of Bangladesh has a wetland ecosystem. Most linking roads become submerged from May to October of the year and movement is mainly possible by boat only. However, motorized vehicle transportation is possible only in major towns of that region. People face greater challenges in transportation than those in other parts of the country. In this chapter, we explain the socio-economic developmental situation of the target region as compared to national development based on the government statistical data. It is clarified that the target area is behind the national average level in almost all the socio-economic development indicators such as literacy rate, household income, gender equality, and institutional collaboration etc. Although, the haor region covers about 12% of the total geographical area, it contributes about 22% of the total rice (staple food) production of the country. Poverty is more acute in the haor region due to lack of market access and power supply, and limited presence of financial institutions.
Sohel Rana, Lily Kiminami, Shinichi Furuzawa
Chapter 4. Research Framework, Hypotheses and Methods
Abstract
For achieving the purpose of this study, the conceptual framework is constructed to describe the relationships among entrepreneurship development, social innovation, socio-cultural changes, and disaster risk management toward sustainable regional development. The following hypotheses are set for verification: “Social and cultural changes through the development of entrepreneurship is necessary for the sustainable regional development (H1)”; “Social capital is important for the development of entrepreneurship, however there is a big gap among different social groups (H1-1)”; “CIG is an effective approach to empower women through socio-political transformation (H2)”; “Farmers’ performance in disaster risk management at community level is determined by their socio-economic attributes, social capital, and access to local institutions (H3)”. Both qualitative (Trajectory Equifinality Modeling) and quantitative (Structural Equation Modeling) analytical approaches are applied to verify the hypotheses in this study.
Sohel Rana, Lily Kiminami, Shinichi Furuzawa
Chapter 5. Role of Entrepreneurship in Socio-Cultural Changes
Abstract
The purpose of this chapter is to analyze the relationship between entrepreneurship development and its role in socio-cultural changes toward sustainable regional development through the case studies of male and female entrepreneurs in the target region by introducing Trajectory Equifinality Model (TEM) analysis. The results of the TEM analysis clarified that, social and cultural changes in the gender relations are not only necessary for innovation creation, but also for sustainable development. The social capital is important for each case of entrepreneurship development although the quality of social capital varies among the different social groups due to their gender, and socio-political backgrounds. Although entrepreneurial activities have greatly improved the region’s economic situation, the performances among social groups are different significantly due to the level and quality of social capital and technology adoption.
Sohel Rana, Lily Kiminami, Shinichi Furuzawa
Chapter 6. Socio-Political Transformation Through the CIG Approach
Abstract
In this chapter, we conduct key informant interviews (KII), a case study, and focus group discussions (FGD) with various stakeholders of the target region to verify the following hypothesis “CIG is an effective approach to empower women through socio-political transformation” (H2). The results clarified that socio-political transformation for the empowerment of women through the CIG approach is weak in the region even though change has begun. Thus, policy implications based on the analytical results suggest that the government should pay more attention to social innovation to reduce poverty and empower women in disaster risk governance while introducing a CIG approach.
Sohel Rana, Lily Kiminami, Shinichi Furuzawa
Chapter 7. Performance of Farm Households in Disaster Risk Management at Community Level
Abstract
The purpose of this chapter is to clarify the factors affecting famers’ performance in disaster risk management (DRM) at the community level. We introduced structural equation modeling (SEM) based on the results of the authors’ designated questionnaire survey (face-to-face interview) of farm households in the target region, to verify our hypothesis “Farmers’ performance in disaster risk management at community level is determined by their socio-economic attributes, social capital, and access to local institutions (H3)”. The results clarified that there are multi-causal relationships among the factors affecting farmers’ performance in DRM, in which, the factors of gender, poverty, social capital, and farmers’ attitudes toward technology and training are important in the region. Therefore, policy implications suggest to recognize the causes of poverty strongly route-dependent in rural areas including the existence of gender discrimination and low trust in government officials.
Sohel Rana, Lily Kiminami, Shinichi Furuzawa
Chapter 8. General Conclusions and Policy Implications
Abstract
We obtained the following conclusions from the empirical analysis in the previous chapters. First, the results from TEM analysis based on three male and three female cases clarified that socio-cultural and political changes in the relationships between men and women, as well as among the same sexuality are necessary. Secondly, the CIG (common interest group) approach created a platform for the rural farming communities to get access to the local institutions through the accumulation of social capital. In addition, the rural women of farming households are officially recognized as female farmers through the CIG approach although the entrepreneurial development of women farmers is still limited in the region. Thirdly, there are multi causal relationships among the factors affecting farmers’ performance in DRM, in which, the factors of gender, poverty, social capital and farmers’ attitudes toward technology and training are important in the haor area of Bangladesh. Therefore, our policy implication suggests that the government should pay more attention to the entrepreneurship and social innovation for socio-cultural and political transformation through changing the collective cognition of the society along with economic growth.
Sohel Rana, Lily Kiminami, Shinichi Furuzawa
Metadaten
Titel
Entrepreneurship and Social Innovation for Sustainability
verfasst von
Sohel Rana
Lily Kiminami
Shinichi Furuzawa
Copyright-Jahr
2022
Verlag
Springer Nature Singapore
Electronic ISBN
978-981-19-7115-0
Print ISBN
978-981-19-7114-3
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-19-7115-0

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