It was identified in Chapter 5 that environmental Assessment (EA), sometimes referred to as Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), is a procedure for ensuring that the potential environmental effects of any new development or project are considered before it is allowed to proceed. There can be little doubt, if any, that all construction development has a profound effect upon its environs and a formalised procedure of environmental assessment is fundamentally crucial in seeking to mitigate potentially harmful environmental effects. Despite its current and somewhat vague status, environmental assessment is not a new concept. Its principles have been firmly applied since the early 1970s, primarily in the oil, gas and petro-chemical industries, although manufacturing and other industries have followed. Within the construction industry, its concepts became formalised in the legislative processes in the mid to late 1980s. The philosophy, concept, procedures and practices of environmental assessment have already begun to become ingrained in the construction of major developments and look set to influence a greater proportion of construction projects in the future. Its implications, therefore, are well recognised. Environmental assessment is a vital component in the concept of environmental management, with environmental management systems representing a useful tool for developers in conducting environmental assessments of their projects.
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- Environmental Assessment: Its Application to the Development Process
MSc, PhD, MCIOB, MIMgt Alan Griffith
- Macmillan Education UK