Deforestation in tropical countries has continued at the annual estimated rate of 15.4 million hectares during the 1980s. It has been suggested that one solution to the question of sustainable development could be the establishment of tree plantations. In order to satisfy complex socioeconomic needs in rural areas, plantations should be established to maximise social and environmental benefits rather than wood production per se. Achievement of economic, social and environmental goals is possible by improving the tools that are used in project evaluation and decision making. In this article, the basic methods and some tentative results for environmental-economic analysis of afforestation and reforestation projects are presented so that conventional cost-benefit analysis could be expanded to include environmental effects.
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- Environmental-Economic Evaluation of Forest Plantations
- Springer Netherlands