Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
The latest surveys show the importance of Environmental Justice in order to guarantee the rights of marginalized parts of society to live in a healthier environment and to provide equal treatment for people regardless of race, nationality, gender or income. Following the context of risk society, this article provides a literature review that aims to identify the importance of environmental justice in achieving climate change adaptation. Through a qualitative and interdisciplinary approach, the research illustrates how interconnected climate change adaptation, risk societies and environmental justice are, in the interest of drawing attention of stakeholders and decision-makers to the distinct levels of impact that climate change has on the various sectors of society. Overall, the study emphasize that climate change adaptation strategies can often be discriminatory. By having parts of the society vulnerable to climate change impacts, the pathway towards adaptation will never be fully reached. The course to prevent those issues from being even more aggravated is to address climate change adaptation in a way that enables to benefit all groups of society by providing the information and resources for the adaptation of those living in the margins.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Adger, W. N., Paavola, J., & Huq, S. (2006). Toward justice in adaptation to climate change. In N. Adger (Ed.), Fairness in adaptation to climate change (pp. 1–19). Cambridge: The MIT Press.
Alario, M. V., & Freudenburg, W. R. (2003). The paradoxes of modernity: Scientific advances, environmental problems, and risks to the social fabric? Sociological Forum, 18. https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1024043714247.
Alario, M. V., & Freudenburg, W. R. (2010). Environmental risks and environmental justice, or how titanic risks are not so Titanic after all. Sociological Inquiry, 80, 500–512. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-682x.2010.00344.x. CrossRef
Aspinall, R. W. (2016). Children’s rights in a risk society: The case of schooling in Japan. Japan Forum,28, 135–154. https://doi.org/10.1080/09555803.2015.1076871. CrossRef
Beck, U. (1996). Risk society and the provident state. In: S. Lash, B. Szerszynski, & B. Wynne (Eds.), Risk, environment & modernity: Towards a new ecology. London: SAGE Publications Ltd. ISBN 080397937 1. ISBN 0 8039 7938X (pbk).
Beck, U. (2010). Sociedade de Risco: rumo a uma outra modernidade. São Paulo: Editora 34 Ltda.
Bergkamp, L. (2016). The concept of risk society as a model for risk regulation—Its hidden and not so hidden ambitions, side effects, and risks. Journal of Risk Research. https://doi.org/10.1080/13669877.2016.1153500. CrossRef
Bizikova, L., Habtezion, Z., Bellali, J., Diakhite, M. M., & Pintér, L. (2009). Vulnerability and climate change impact assessments for adaptation. Available at http://www.unep.org/ieacp/files/pdf/ClimateChange_Manual_Final.pdf. Accessed on December 15, 2016.
Bohle, H. G., Downing, T. E., & Watts, M. J. (1994). Climate change and social vulnerability: Toward a sociology and geography of food insecurity. Global Environmental Change,4(1), 37–48. CrossRef
Boone, C. G., Fragkias, M., Buckley, G. L., & Grove, J. M. (2014). A long view of polluting industry and environmental justice in Baltimore. Cities,36, 41–49. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2013.09.004. CrossRef
Bravo, M. A., Anthopolos, R., Bell, M. L., & Miranda, M. L. (2016). Racial isolation and exposure to airborne particulate matter and ozone in understudied US populations: Environmental justice applications of downscaled numerical model output. Environment International,92–93, 247–255. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2016.04.008. CrossRef
Burney, J., Cesano, D., Russell, J., La Rovere, E. L., Corral, T., Coelho, N. S., et al. (2014). Climate change adaptation strategies for smallholder farmers in the Brazilian Sertão. Climatic Change,126(1–2), 45–59. CrossRef
Cleere, R. (2016). Environmental racism and the movement for black lives: Grassroots power in the 21st century (p. 140). Paper: Pomona Senior Theses.
Davies, A. R. (2006). Environmental justice as subtext or omission: Examining discourses of anti-incineration campaigning in Ireland. Geoforum,37, 708–724. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoforum.2005.06.005. CrossRef
Deng, H., & Chen, Y. (2017). Influences of recent climate change and human activities on water storage variations in Central Asia. Journal of Hydrology, 544, 46–57. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2016.11.006. CrossRef
EPA—United States Environmental Protection Agency. (1964). Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
European Comission. (2016). Adaptation to climate change. European Comission Website.
Fraser, N. (2007). Re-framing justice in a globalizing world. In T. Lovel (Ed.), (Mis)recognition, social inequality and social justice (pp. 17–35). London: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.
Füssel, H. M., & Klein, R. J. (2006). Climate change vulnerability assessments: An evolution of conceptual thinking. Climatic Change, 75(3), 301–329. CrossRef
Gauna, E. (2012). Environmental law, civil rights and sustainability: Three frameworks for environmental justice. Journal of Environmental and Sustainability Law,19, 34–59.
Giddens, A. (2000). Runaway world: How globalization is reshaping our lives (124p). London: Routledge. ISBN-13: 978-0415944878.
Gordon, E. L. (2012). History of the modern environmental movement in America. American Center—Environment.
Helfand, G. E., & Peyton, L. J. (1999). A conceptual model of environmental justice. Social Science Quarterly,80, 68–83.
IFAD. (n.d.). Climate change: Building the resilience of poor rural communities. IFAD documents.
Ikeme, J. (2003). Equity, environmental justice and sustainability: Incomplete approaches in climate change politics. Global Environmental Change,13, 195–206. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0959-3780(03)00047-5. CrossRef
IPCC. (2007). Climate change 2007: Impacts, adaptation and vulnerability. In M. L. Parry, O. F. Canziani, J. P. Palutikof, P. J. van der Linden, & C. E. Hanson (Eds.), Contribution of Working Group II to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (976 pp.). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
IPCC. (2014a). Climate change 2014: Impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability. Part A: Global and sectoral aspects. In Contribution of Working Group II to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (1132 pp.). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
IPCC. (2014b). Climate change 2014: Impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability. Part B: Regional aspects. In Contribution of Working Group II to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (p. 688). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
IPCC. (2014c). Climate change 2014: Mitigation of climate change. In Contribution of Working Group III to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Jones, M. R., Diez-Roux, A. V., Hajat, A., Kershaw, K. N., O’Neill, M. S., Gualiar, E., et al. (2014). Race/ethnicity, residential segregation, and exposure to ambient air pollution: The multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis (MESA). American Journal of Public Health,104, 2130–2137. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2014.302135. CrossRef
Kaperson, R. E., Renn, O., & Slovic, P. (1988). The social amplification of risk: A conceptual framework. Society for Risk Analysis, 8, 177–187. https://doi.org/10.0272-4332/88/0600-0177$06.00/1. CrossRef
Kurtz, H. E. (2003). Scale frames and counter-scale frames: Constructing the problem of environmental injustice. Political Geography,22, 887–916. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polgeo.2003.09.001. CrossRef
Larsen, K., Gunnarsson-Östling, U., & Westholm, E. (2011). Environmental scenarios and local-global level of community engagement: Environmental justice, jams, institutions and innovation. Futures,43, 413–423. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.futures.2011.01.007. CrossRef
Lau, L. C., Lee, K. T., & Mohamed, A. R. (2012). Global warming mitigation and renewable energy policy development from the Kyoto Protocol to the Copenhagen Accord—A comment. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews,16, 5280–5284. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2012.04.006. CrossRef
Legarda, A. A., & Buendia, M. P. (2011). Environmental justice. The State of the Art. Revista Internacional de Sociologia, 69, 627–648. https://doi.org/10.3989/ris.2009.12.210.
Li, Q., Zhang, C., Shen, Y., Jia, W., & Li, J. (2016). Quantitative assessment of the relative roles of climate change and human activities in desertification processes on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau based on net primary productivity. CATENA,147, 789–796. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.catena.2016.09.005. CrossRef
Lim, B., Spanger-Siegfried, E., Burton, I., Malone, E. L., & Huq, S. (2005). Adaptation policy frameworks for climate change: Developing strategies. United Nations Development Programme: Policies and Measures.
Maantay, J., & Maroko, A. (2009). Mapping urban risk: Flood hazards, race, & environmental justice in New York. Applied Geography,29, 111–124. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeog.2008.08.002. CrossRef
Maroko, A. R. (2012). Using air dispersion modeling and proximity analysis to assess chronic exposure to fine particulate matter and environmental justice in New York City. Applied Geography,34, 533–547. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeog.2012.02.005. CrossRef
Massey, R. (2004). Environmental justice: income, race, and health. Global Development and Environment Institute, Tufts University.
Mathur, A., & van Aalst, M. K. (2004). An adaptation mosaic: A sample of the emerging World Bank work in climate change adaptation. World Bank Global Climate Change Team.
McCarthy, J., & Prudham, S. (2004). Neoliberal nature and the nature of neoliberalism. Geoforum,35, 275–283. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoforum.2003.07.003. CrossRef
Mendelsohn, R., Dinar, A., & Williams, L. (2006). The distributional impact of climate change on rich and poor countries. Environment and Development Economics,11(02), 159–178. CrossRef
Mitchell, G., & Norman, P. (2012). Longitudinal environmental justice analysis: Co-evolution of environmental quality and deprivation in England, 1960–2007. Geoforum,43, 44–57. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoforum.2011.08.005. CrossRef
Moss, R. H., Brenkert, A. L, & Malone, E. L. (2001). Vulnerability to climate change: A quantitative approach. Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy Under Contract DE-AC06-76RLO 1830.
Mythen, G. (2015). The problem of governance in the Risk Society: Envisaging strategies, managing not-knowing. In: Risk Governance, 43–57. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-9328-5_3.
Navickė, J. (2015). Between a risk society and a welfare state: Social risk resilience and vulnerability to poverty in Lithuania. Socialinė politika,10, 95–109. https://doi.org/10.15388/STEPP.2015.10.4861. CrossRef
Neumayer, E. (2000). In defence of historical accountability for greenhouse gas emissions. Ecological Economics,33, 185–192. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0921-8009(00)00135-X. CrossRef
Obermaier, M., Maroun, M. R., Kligerman, D. C., La Rovere, E. L., Cesano D., Corral, T., et al. (2009). Adaptation to climate change in Brazil: The Pintadas pilot project and multiplication of best practice examples through dissemination and communication networks [56kB]. Proceedings of RIO, 9.
Okereke, C. (2006). Global environmental sustainability: Intragenerational equity and conceptions of justice in multilateral environmental regimes. Geoforum,37, 725–738. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoforum.2005.10.005. CrossRef
Olmos, S. (2001). Vulnerability and adaptation to climate change: Concepts, issues, assessment methods. Climate Change Knowledge Network—Foundation Paper.
Padilla, E., & Serrano, A. (2006). Inequality in CO 2 emissions across countries and its relationship with income inequality: A distributive approach. Energy policy,34(14), 1762–1772. CrossRef
Pearce, J., & Kingham, S. (2008). Environmental inequalities in New Zealand: A national study of air pollution and environmental justice. Geoforum,39, 980–993. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoforum.2007.10.007. CrossRef
Power, A., & Elster, J. (2005). Environmental issues and human behaviour in low-income areas in the UK: A report to the Economic and Social Research Council (37p). Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion. Available at http://sticerd.lse.ac.uk/dps/case/cr/CASEreport31.pdf. Accessed on July 08, 2016.
Proag, V. (2014). The concept of vulnerability and resilience. Procedia Economics and Finance,8, 369–376. CrossRef
Reese, G., & Jacob, L. (2015). Principles of environmental justice and pro environmental action: A two-step process model of moral anger and responsibility to act. Environmental Science & Policy,51, 88–94. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2015.03.011. CrossRef
Ribeiro, W. C. (2010). Impactos das mudanças climáticas em cidades no Brasil. Parceriasestratégicas,13(27), 297–322.
Roberts, R. G. (1998). Environmental justice and community empowerment: Learning from the civil rights movement. American University Law Review,48, 229–269.
Scott, M., Gupta, S., Jauregui, E., Nwafor, J., Satterthwaite, D., Wannasinghe, Y. A. D. S., et al. (2001). Human settlements, energy and industry. Climate change 2001: Impacts, adaptation and vulnerability (pp. 381–416). Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.
Shilling, F. M., London, J. K., & Liévanos, R. S. (2009). Marginalization by collaboration: Environmental justice as a third party in a beyond CALFED. Environmental Science & Policy,12, 694–709. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2009.03.003. CrossRef
Shrader-Frechette, K. (2005). Environmental justice: Creating equality, reclaiming democracy. Environmental Ethics and Science Policy Series (288p). ISBN: 9780195183573.
Todd, H., & Zografos, C. (2005). Justice for the environment: developing a set of indicators of environmental justice for Scotland. Environmental Values,14, 483–501. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeog.2008.07.006. CrossRef
Truelove, H. B., & Parks, C. (2012). Perceptions of behaviors that cause and mitigate global warming and intentions to perform these behaviors. Journal of Environmental Psychology,32, 246–259. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2012.04.002. CrossRef
UNEP. (2016a). Climate Change—Introduction. UNEP Website.
UNEP. (2016b). Knowledge Support and Policy Integration. UNEP Website.
UNEP. (2016c). Climate change Factsheet. UN Environment. UNEP Website.
United Nations. (1992). United Nations framework convention on climate change. New York: UNFCCC.
- Environmental Justice and Climate Change Adaptation in the Context of Risk Society
Maria Eduarda Medeiros da Silveira
Solange Buchele de S. Thiago
Larissa Pereira Cipoli Ribeiro
Ana Clara Medeiros da Silveira
José Baltazar Salgueirinho Osório de Andrade Guerra
Sthefanie Aguiar da Silva
Fallstudie Überschwemmungskarten/© Thaut Images | Fotolia