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Über dieses Buch

This book presents a comprehensive study of the environmental situation prevailing in the areas located near the Koshkar-Ata (Kazakhstan) tailings dump and the development of rehabilitation measures taking into account the area’s soil and climatic features. Given their impact on the local population’s health, rehabilitation activities and their monitoring are vital for countries where nuclear power technologies are developed and where uranium mining industry wastes exist.

Book analyzes the negative influences of the tailings on soil and vegetation cover on near-ground atmospheric layers and groundwater. Based on radiometric, field and laboratory analytical research methods, it presents quantitative information on the levels of pollution of the environment by radionuclides and chemical toxicants, and includes the results of constant monitoring of dust from radioactive and toxic wastes in the area. The book also offers recommendations for technical solutions for reclaiming radioactive tailing ponds, as well as for the development of disposal sites for radioactive waste in the tailing ponds, based on effective rehabilitation technologies developed at two control sites. The study attracted considerable interest from the Republic of Kazakhstan’s state authorities and public organizations, and raised awareness of the need for rehabilitation measures at the KOSHKAR-ATA tailing pond. The monograph is intended for specialists in the field of environmental protection and radiation ecology, as well as senior undergraduate and graduate students, doctoral students and young scientists. This publication is recommended by the Academic Council of the L.N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University.



Chapter 1. Introduction

The ecological situation in the Mangystau region (Kazakhstan) started to become aggravated in the 1960s with the exploration for uranium ore, oils, and raw minerals and the creation of a chemical industry in Mangyshlak without due attention to environmental issues. According to available data, the worsening situation was connected to a number of ecologically unfavorable problems. The most environmentally dangerous among them is the tailing ponds of Koshkar-Ata, which makes a significant contribution to the pollution of the atmosphere through the dust of radioactive and toxic wastes from chemical and mining metallurgy, posing a serious danger to the health of the residents of the city of Aktau and its adjacent settlements.

Kairat Kuterbekov

Chapter 2. Integrated Ecological Survey of the Tailing Ponds of Koshkar-Ata

The main purpose of this work is a comprehensive study of the environmental situation prevailing in the areas located near the tailing ponds of Koshkar-Ata and the development of rehabilitation events, taking into account the soil and climatic features of the area.

Kairat Kuterbekov

Chapter 3. Brief Results of Monitoring of the Tailing Pond Area in 2008

The results of the deciphering of images taken from space. Before the beginning of field works in 2008, a comparative deciphering of the cosmic photographs obtained in the same year was carried out. Only the area of the tailing ponds and the adjacent territory where the field works were conducted in 2008 were considered.

Kairat Kuterbekov


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