Skip to main content


Weitere Artikel dieser Ausgabe durch Wischen aufrufen

19.06.2021 | General Article | Ausgabe 2/2021 Open Access

Minds and Machines 2/2021

Ethics as a Service: A Pragmatic Operationalisation of AI Ethics

Minds and Machines > Ausgabe 2/2021
Jessica Morley, Anat Elhalal, Francesca Garcia, Libby Kinsey, Jakob Mökander, Luciano Floridi
Wichtige Hinweise

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.


As the range of potential uses for Artificial Intelligence (AI), in particular machine learning (ML), has increased, so has awareness of the associated ethical issues. This increased awareness has led to the realisation that existing legislation and regulation provides insufficient protection to individuals, groups, society, and the environment from AI harms. In response to this realisation, there has been a proliferation of principle-based ethics codes, guidelines and frameworks. However, it has become increasingly clear that a significant gap exists between the theory of AI ethics principles and the practical design of AI systems. In previous work, we analysed whether it is possible to close this gap between the ‘what’ and the ‘how’ of AI ethics through the use of tools and methods designed to help AI developers, engineers, and designers translate principles into practice. We concluded that this method of closure is currently ineffective as almost all existing translational tools and methods are either too flexible (and thus vulnerable to ethics washing) or too strict (unresponsive to context). This raised the question: if, even with technical guidance, AI ethics is challenging to embed in the process of algorithmic design, is the entire pro-ethical design endeavour rendered futile? And, if no, then how can AI ethics be made useful for AI practitioners? This is the question we seek to address here by exploring why principles and technical translational tools are still needed even if they are limited, and how these limitations can be potentially overcome by providing theoretical grounding of a concept that has been termed ‘Ethics as a Service.’
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 2/2021

Minds and Machines 2/2021 Zur Ausgabe

Premium Partner