Weitere Artikel dieser Ausgabe durch Wischen aufrufen
In the investigation reported here, I have tested the ethnic enclave hypothesis, focusing on self-employed Cuban and Mexican immigrants. Specifically, I have compared the economic returns for self-employed Cuban immigrants in Florida with those of Mexican immigrants in California and Texas. The analysis shows that self-employed Mexican immigrants who remain within Mexican enclaves earn substantially lower earnings than those in non-enclave environments. In contrast, the earnings of Cuban immigrants self-employed within Cuban enclaves are comparable to those earned by Cubans employed within the general labor market. Overall, my findings are contrary to the ethnic enclave hypothesis, which suggests that there are economic advantages associated with owning firms in ethnic enclaves.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Aguilera, M. B. (2003). The impact of the worker: How social capital and human capital influence the job tenure of formerly undocumented Mexican immigrants. Sociological Inquiry,73, 52–83. CrossRef
Aguilera, M. B. (2005). The Impact of social capital on the wages of Puerto Rican migrants. The Sociological Quarterly,46(4), 569–592. CrossRef
Aldrich, H., Cater, J., Jones, T., McEvoy, D., & Velleman, P. (1985). Ethnic residential concentration and the protected market hypothesis. Social Forces,63(4), 996–1009. CrossRef
Allison, P. (1999). Multiple regression: A primer. London: Pine Forge Press.
Bailey, T., & Waldinger, R. (1991). Primary, secondary, and enclave markets: A training systems approach. American Sociological Review,56, 432–445. CrossRef
Bates, T. (1994). Social Resources generated by group support networks may not be beneficial to Asian immigrant-owned small businesses. Social Forces,72(3), 671–689. CrossRef
Geertz, C. (1963). Peddlers and princes. Chicago: University Chicago Press.
Gilbertson, G. A. (1995). Women’s labor and enclave employment: The case of Dominican and Colombian women in New York City. International Migration Review,29(3), 657–670. CrossRef
Gilbertson, G. A., & Gurak, D. T. (1993). Broadening the enclave debate: the labor market experiences of Dominican and Colombian men in New York City. Sociological Forum,8(2), 205–220. CrossRef
Hout, M., & Rosen, H. (2000). Self-employment, family background, and race. Journal of Human Resources,35(4), 670–692. CrossRef
Hum, T. (2000). A protected niche? Immigrant ethnic economies and labor market segmentation. In L. D. Bobo, M. L. Oliver, J. H. Johnson Jr., & A. Valenzuela Jr. (Eds.), Prismatic metropolis: Inequality in Los Angeles (pp. 279–313). New York: Russell Sage.
Jensen, L., & Portes, A. (1992). Comments and replies: The enclave and the entrants: patterns of ethnic enterprise in Miami before and after Mariel. American Sociological Review,57(3), 411–414. CrossRef
Kim, D. Y. (1999). Beyond co-ethnic solidarity: Mexican and Ecuadorean employment in Korean-owned businesses in New York City. Ethnic and Racial Studies,22(3), 581–605. CrossRef
Light, I. (1972). Ethnic enterprise in America. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Light, I., & Gold, S. J. (2000). Ethnic economies. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
Light, I., & Karageorgis, S. (1994). The ethnic economy. In N. J. Smelser & R. Swedberg (Eds.), The handbook of economic sociology (pp. 647–671). Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Olson, P., Zuiker, V. S., & Montalto, C. P. (2000). Self-employed Hispanics and Hispanic wage earners: Differences in earnings. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences,22(1), 114–130. CrossRef
Portes, A. (1998). Social capital: Its origins and applications in modern sociology. Annual Review of Sociology 24, 1–24
Portes, A., & Bach, R. (1985). Latin journey: Cuban and Mexican immigrants in the United States. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Portes, A., & Jensen, L. (1987). What’s an ethnic enclave? The case for conceptual clarity. American Sociological Review,52(6), 767–771.
Portes, A., & Jensen, L. (1989). The enclave and the entrants: Patterns of ethnic enterprise in Miami before and after Mariel. American Sociological Review,54, 929–949. CrossRef
Portes, A., & Jensen, L. (1992). Comments and replies: Disproving the enclave hypothesis. American Sociological Review,57(3), 418–420. CrossRef
Portes, A., & Landolt, P. (1996). The downside of social capital. American Prospect,94(26), 18–21.
Portes, A., & Zhou, M. (1996). Self employment and the earnings of immigrants. American Sociological Review,61, 219–230. CrossRef
Raijman, R. (2001). Mexican immigrants and informal self-employment in Chicago. Human Organization,60(1), 47–55.
Raijman, R., & Tienda, M. (2000). Immigrant pathways to business ownership: A comparative ethnic perspective. International Migration Review,34, 682–706. CrossRef
Raijman, R., & Tienda, M. (2003). Ethnic foundations of economic transactions: Mexican and Korean immigrant entrepreneurs in Chicago. Ethnic and Racial Studies,26(5), 783–801. CrossRef
Sanders, J. M., & Nee, V. (1987). Limits of ethnic solidarity in the enclave economy. American Sociological Review,52, 745–773. CrossRef
Sanders, J. M., & Nee, V. (1992). Comments and replies: Problems in resolving the enclave economy debate. American Sociological Review,57(3), 415–418. CrossRef
Sanders, J. M., Nee, V., & Sernau, S. (1994). Job transitions in an immigrant metropolis: Ethnic boundaries and the mixed economy. American Sociological Review,59(8), 49–72.
Tienda, M., & Raijman, R. (2000). Immigrants’ income packaging and invisible labor force activity. Social Science Quarterly,81(1), 291–310.
U.S. Census Bureau (2000) Twenty-second census of the United States. Suitland, MD: U.S. Census Bureau.
Waldinger, R. (1986). Through the eye of the needle: Immigrants and enterprise in New York’s garment trades. New York: New York University Press.
Wilson, K. L., & Martin, A. W. (1982). Ethnic enclaves: A comparison of the Cuban and Black economies in Miami. American Journal of Sociology,88(1), 135–160. CrossRef
Wilson, K. L., & Portes, A. (1980). Immigrant enclaves: An analysis of the labor market experiences of Cubans in Miami. American Journal of Sociology,86(2), 295–319. CrossRef
Yoon, I. (1995). The growth of Korean immigrant entrepreneurship in Chicago. Ethnic and Racial Studies,18(2), 215–235.
Yoon, I. (1997). On my own: Korean businesses and race relations in America. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Zhou, M., & Logan, J. (1989). Returns on human capital in ethnic enclaves: New York City’s Chinatown. American Sociological Review,54, 809–820. CrossRef
Zsembik, B. (2000). The Cuban ethnic economy and labor market outcomes of Latinos in metropolitan Florida. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences,22, 223–236. CrossRef
- Ethnic enclaves and the earnings of self-employed Latinos
Michael Bernabé Aguilera
- Springer US
Neuer Inhalt/© Stellmach, Neuer Inhalt/© BBL, Neuer Inhalt/© Maturus, Pluta Logo/© Pluta, Neuer Inhalt/© hww, Best Practices zu agiler Qualität