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01.03.2015 | Ausgabe 5/2015

Water Resources Management 5/2015

Evaluation of Nonstationarity in Annual Maximum Flood Series and the Associations with Large-scale Climate Patterns and Human Activities

Zeitschrift:
Water Resources Management > Ausgabe 5/2015
Autoren:
Jianzhu Li, Xueyang Liu, Fulong Chen

Abstract

Recent evidences of the impact of regional climate variability, coupled with the intensification of human activities, have led hydrologists to study flood regime without applying the hypothesis of stationarity. In this study, identification of nonstationarity was conducted in the form of both trend and change point in the mean of the annual maximum flood magnitudes, using Mann-Kendall and Pettitt test, respectively in Wangkuai reservoir watershed, China. The annual maximum flood series exhibited a significant decreasing trend, and the timing of change point was detected in 1979, which was consistent with the construction of large numbers of check dams and small hydraulic structures. A correlation test (Pearson correlation test) between large-scale oceanic-atmospheric patterns (El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO), Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO), North Pacific Oscillation (NPO), North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO), Atlantic Oscillation (AO)) and annual maximum flood peaks was adopted to assess the climatic causes of nonstationary flood series. It was found that NPO, NAO and AO had significant correlations with flood peak, but ENSO and PDO could not explain the variations of flood peak. In the case of human-induced nonstationarity, we proposed 2 new indices to represent the effect of human activities on flood. The new indices were proposed based on the storage capacity and drainage area of the large numbers of check dams and small hydraulic structures which were estimated with no observed data. The identification of nonstationarity for flood series and the climatic and human-induced causes could provide useful information in nonstationary flood frequency analysis.

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