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2021 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Evaluation of Stripping Resistance of Organoclay-Modified Asphalt Binder and Aggregate Systems Using an Optical Contact Angle Analyzer

verfasst von: Zahid Hossain, Biswajit Bairgi, Musharraf Zaman, Rifat Bulut, Bobby Sumpter

Erschienen in: Developments in Sustainable Geomaterials and Environmental Geotechnics

Verlag: Springer International Publishing

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Abstract

Organoclays, often referred to as nanoclays (NCs), are organically modified phyllosilicates. They are derived from naturally occurring clay minerals and possess unique characteristics in improving the physical and mechanical properties of polymers and rubbers. Recently, NCs have drawn interest in the modification of asphalt binders as micro-scale fillers. A few recent studies have revealed that the addition of NCs in asphalt binders improved binders’ stiffness, aging characteristics, and fatigue resistance. This study aims to evaluate the changes in moisture resistance of different NC-modified asphalt binders through the surface free energy (SFE) technique. This technique estimates SFE properties of binders and aggregates from static contact angle (SCA) data measured from an optical contact angle analyzer (OCA). Further, this study examines the changes in chemical compositions (functional groups) of binders due to the addition of selected NCs by using the Fourier Transformation Infrared (FTIR) technique. To this end, a commonly used performance grade (PG) binder (PG 64-22) modified with four different types (shape and size) of NCs, namely, Cloisite® 15 (C-15), Cloisite® 20 (C-20), Cloisite® Na+ (C-Na), and Cloisite® Ca++ (C-Ca) were evaluated in this study. The SFE data of five different types of aggregates from Oklahoma, namely, Davis Limestone (DL), Snyder Granite (SG), Dolese-Cooperton Limestone (DCL), Hanson-Davis Rhyolite (HDR), and Martin-Marietta-Mill-Creek Granite (MMMG), were used to perform their compatibility with the aforementioned NC-modified binders. The FTIR spectra revealed the presence of various alcohols, ethers, and esters in NC-modified asphalt binders. The moisture susceptibility analysis shows that the addition of NC results in an increase of SFE and cohesive energy of an asphalt binder, which are desired for improved moisture resistance. The addition of NC also shows improved compatibility in cases of all aggregates. Among the five aggregates, MMMCG showed the highest compatibility with all binders, followed by DCL, HDR, DL, and SG. In regard to NCs, the C-15 sample showed the highest compatibility followed by C-20, C-Na, and C-Ca.
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Metadaten
Titel
Evaluation of Stripping Resistance of Organoclay-Modified Asphalt Binder and Aggregate Systems Using an Optical Contact Angle Analyzer
verfasst von
Zahid Hossain
Biswajit Bairgi
Musharraf Zaman
Rifat Bulut
Bobby Sumpter
Copyright-Jahr
2021
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-79647-1_5