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The world has developed from primitive conditions to present day income levels. The chapter sketches two different approaches to explain development. Fukuyama and others adopted a biological evolutionary approach while others contend that development depends on men made institutions. The two views collide on the role of the state in economic development. A strong state bureaucracy should organize development in one view, while the other puts enterprise and market competition central. Post Mao China figures as a successful example of authoritarian transition, but many autocracies in past and present were stagnant or experienced decline. Biological evolution makes the fittest survive and dominate others. But, Darwinian competition impedes development, if the fittest do not recognize some others as equal. Development depends on voluntary acts of recognition of human potential. A central plan based on blue-prints of an ideal society did not turn out as expected.
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- Evolution and Economic Development
- Chapter 1
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