Weitere Artikel dieser Ausgabe durch Wischen aufrufen
The use of an effective supervision mechanism is crucial between a student and supervisor. The essential knowledge shared and transferred between these two parties must be observed and understood very well in order to ensure that students are produced at good level of quality for future professional knowledge workers. The aim of this study was to conduct an assessment of the impact of individual, organisational and technical factors on knowledge sharing in a research supervision domain. In order to achieve this aim, a specific research model was developed. This model was based on systematically analysing and extracting all the knowledge-sharing impact factors and then choosing the more iterative and adaptable ones, according to research supervision models. These factors categorized to individual, organizational and technological factors. To effectively evaluate the research model, a quantitative research method was adopted. Data was collected by a survey of 150 students from the Faculty of Computing at Universiti Teknologi Malaysia. The Smart PLS tool was used for data analysis. In sum, the results of this research show that the individual factor in the research supervision domain – namely, the ability of students to share knowledge – in addition to technological factors – specifically, IT systems – have the greatest impact on knowledge sharing in the supervision process. In addition, it was shown that organisational factors including the culture of the university, social networks, and supervisor support have a positive impact on knowledge sharing in research supervision. However, when compared with individual and technical factors, the effect of organisational factors on knowledge sharing in research supervision was not particularly strong in the case of this study. A positive relationship did not exist between the learning strategy and knowledge sharing in research supervision. This study is among the first of its kind to empirically examine the antecedent factors of knowledge sharing in the context of research supervision.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Agarwal, P. D., Kiran, R., & Verma, A. K. (2012). Knowledge sharing for stimulating learning environment in institutions of higher technical education. African Journal of Business Management, 6(16), 5533–5542.
Babbie, E. R. (2012). The practice of social research: Wadsworth Publishing Company.
Bharadwaj, A. S. (2000). A resource-based perspective on information technology capability and firm performance: an empirical investigation. MIS Quarterly, 169–196.
Boden, A., Avram, G., Bannon, L., & Wulf, V. (2012). Knowledge sharing practices and the impact of cultural factors: reflections on two case studies of offshoring in SME. The Journal of Software: Evolution and Process, 24(2), 139–152.
Chang, L.-M., Chang, S.-I., Ho, C.-T., Yen, D. C., & Chiang, M.-C. (2011). Effects of IS characteristics on e-business success factors of small-and medium-sized enterprises. Computers in Human Behavior, 27(6), 2129–2140. CrossRef
Chen, I. Y. (2007). The factors influencing members' continuance intentions in professional virtual communities—a longitudinal study. Journal of Information Science, 33(4), 451–467. CrossRef
Chen, I. Y. L., & Chen, N. S. (2009). Examining the Factors Influencing Participants' Knowledge Sharing Behavior in Virtual Learning Communities. Educational Technology & Society, 12(1), 134–148.
Chen, W. J., & Cheng, H. Y. (2012). Factors affecting the knowledge sharing attitude of hotel service personnel. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 31(2), 468–476. CrossRef
Chen, N.-S., Kinshuk, C.-W. W., & Yang, S. J. (2008). Designing a self-contained group area network for ubiquitous learning. Educational Technology and Society, 11(2), 16–26.
Chen, C. W., Chang, M. L., and Tseng, C. P. (2012). Human factors of knowledge‐sharing intention among taiwanese enterprises: A model of hypotheses. Human Factors and Ergonomics in Manufacturing & Service Industries
Cheng, M. Y., Ho, J. S. Y., & Lau, P. M. (2009). Knowledge sharing in academic institutions: a study of Multimedia University Malaysia. Electronic Journal of Knowledge Management, 7(3), 313–324.
Chin, W. W., & Newsted, P. R. (1999). Structural equation modeling analysis with small samples using partial least squares. Statistical Strategies for Small Sample Research, 1(1), 307–341.
Cho, N., Li, G., & Su, C. J. (2007). An empirical study on the effect of individual factors on knowledge sharing by knowledge type. Journal of Global Business and Technology, 3(2), 1–15.
Chow, W. S., & Chan, L. S. (2008). Social network, social trust and shared goals in organizational knowledge sharing. Information & Management, 45(7), 458–465. CrossRef
Connelly, C. E., & Kelloway, E. K. (2003). Predictors of employees’ perceptions of knowledge sharing cultures. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 24(5), 294–301. CrossRef
Davenport, T. H., & Prusak, L. (1998). Working knowledge: Managing what your organization knows. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press.
David, W., Long, D., & Fahey, L. (2000). Diagnosing cultural barriers to knowledge management. The Academy of Management Executive, 1993–2005, 113–127.
De Beer, M., & Mason, R. B. (2009). Using a blended approach to facilitate postgraduate supervision. Innovations in Education and Teaching International, 46(2), 213–226. CrossRef
Gatfield, T., & Alpert, F. (2002). The supervisory management styles model. Paper presented at the ANNUAL INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE HIGHER EDUCATION RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT SOCIETY OF AUSTRALASIA (HERDSA). Perth, Australia: HERDSA.
Hansen, M. T., Mors, M. L., & Løvås, B. (2005). Knowledge sharing in organizations: Multiple networks, multiple phases. Academy of Management Journal, 48(5), 776–793. CrossRef
Hassandoust, F., Logeswaran, R., & Kazerouni, M. F. (2011). Behavioral factors influencing virtual knowledge sharing: theory of reasoned action. Journal of Applied Research in Higher Education, 3(2), 116–134. CrossRef
Huang, Y., Hsu, M., Basu, C., & Huang, F. (2009). Toward developing a social network site-based model for knowledge sharing in the travel industry. Issues and Innovation, 3(1), 57–73.
Hulland, J. (1999). Use of partial least squares (PLS) in strategic management research: a review of four recent studies. Strategic Management Journal, 20(2), 195–204. CrossRef
Ifinedo, P. (2011). Examining the influences of external expertise and in-house computer/IT knowledge on ERP system success. Journal of Systems and Software, 84(12), 2065–2078. CrossRef
Jackson, D. L. (2001). Sample size and number of parameter estimates in maximum likelihood confirmatory factor analysis: A Monte Carlo investigation. Structural Equation Modeling, 8(2), 205–223. CrossRef
Jackson, S. E., Chuang, C. H., Harden, E. E., and Jiang, Y. (2006). Toward developing human resource management systems for knowledge-intensive teamwork. Research in personnel and human resources management(25), 27–70.
Kankanhalli, A., Tan, B. C., & Wei, K.-K. (2005). Contributing knowledge to electronic knowledge repositories: An empirical investigation. MIS Quarterly, 113–143.
Khosravi, A., & Ahmad, M. N. (2013a). Knowledge Sharing Framework For Research Supervision. International Journal of Scientific Knowledge, 2(2), 2305–1493.
Khosravi, A., & Ahmad, M. N. (2013b). Knowledge Sharing Impact Factors Selection for Research Supervision. Journal of Basic and Applied Scientific Research, 3(6).
Khosravi, A., Nazir Ahmad, M., and Sedera, D. (2014). Antecedent factors of knowledge sharing in research supervision. PACIS 2014 Proceedings, Paper 176.
Kim, S., & Lee, H. (2006). The Impact of Organizational Context and Information Technology on Employee Knowledge‐Sharing Capabilities. Public Administration Review, 66(3), 370–385. CrossRef
Klein, J. H. (2008). Some directions for research in knowledge sharing. Knowledge Management Research & Practice, 6(1), 41–46. CrossRef
Ko, D.-G., Kirsch, L. J., & King, W. R. (2005). Antecedents of knowledge transfer from consultants to clients in enterprise system implementations. MIS Quarterly, 59–85.
Krejcie, R. V., and Morgan, D. W. (1970). Determining sample size for research activities. Educ Psychol Meas
Lin, T. C., Wu, S., & Lu, C. T. (2012). Exploring the affect factors of knowledge sharing behavior: The relations model theory perspective. Expert Systems with Applications, 39(1), 751–764. CrossRef
Matzler, K., & Mueller, J. (2011). Antecedents of knowledge sharing–Examining the influence of learning and performance orientation. Journal of Economic Psychology, 32(3), 317–329. CrossRef
McEvily, B., Perrone, V., & Zaheer, A. (2003). Trust as an organizing principle. Organization Science, 14(1), 91–103. CrossRef
McNeish, J., & Mann, I. J. S. (2010). Knowledge sharing and trust in organizations. The IUP Journal of Knowledge Management, 8(1&2), 18–38.
Nonaka, I., & Takeuchi, H. (1995). The knowledge-creating company: How Japanese companies create the dynamics of innovation. USA: Oxford University Press.
Orlikowski, W. J. (1992). The duality of technology: Rethinking the concept of technology in organizations. Organization Science, 3(3), 398–427. CrossRef
Piry, S., Luikart, G., & Cornuet, J. (1999). Computer note. BOTTLENECK: a computer program for detecting recent reductions in the effective size using allele frequency data. Journal of Heredity, 90(4), 502–503. CrossRef
Primer, A. P. (1992). Quantitative methods in psychology. Psychological Bulletin, 112(1), 155–159. CrossRef
Rad, G. P., Alizadehl, N., Miandashti, N. Z., & Fami, H. S. (2011). Factors Influencing Knowledge Sharing among Personnel of Agricultural Extension and Education Organization in Iranian Ministry of Jihad-e Agriculture. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology, 13(4), 491–501.
Raisinghani, M. S. (2000). Knowledge management: A cognitive perspective on business and education. American Business Review, 18(2), 105–112.
Reagans, R., & McEvily, B. (2003). Network structure and knowledge transfer: The effects of cohesion and range. Administrative Science Quarterly, 48(2), 240–267. CrossRef
Rhodes, J., Hung, R., Lok, P., Lien, B. Y. H., & Wu, C. M. (2008). Factors influencing organizational knowledge transfer: implication for corporate performance. Journal of Knowledge Management, 12(3), 84–100. CrossRef
Riege, A. (2005). Three-dozen knowledge-sharing barriers managers must consider. Journal of Knowledge Management, 9(3), 18–35. CrossRef
Rubio, D. M., Berg-Weger, M., Tebb, S. S., Lee, E. S., & Rauch, S. (2003). Objectifying content validity: Conducting a content validity study in social work research. Social Work Research, 27(2), 94–104. CrossRef
Schouten, L. M., Grol, R. P., & Hulscher, M. E. (2010). Factors influencing success in quality-improvement collaboratives: development and psychometric testing of an instrument. Implementation Science, 5(1), 1–9. CrossRef
Sekaran, U. (2006). Research methods for business: A skill building approach: John Wiley & Sons.
Sohail, M. S., & Daud, S. (2009). Knowledge sharing in higher education institutions: Perspectives from Malaysia. Vine, 39(2), 125–142. CrossRef
Szulanski, G. (1996). Exploring internal stickiness: Impediments to the transfer of best practice within the firm. Strategic Management Journal, 17, 27–43. CrossRef
Teo, T. S. H. (2005). Meeting the challenges of knowledge management at the housing and development board. Decision Support Systems, 41(1), 147–159. CrossRef
Tsai, M. T., Chen, K. S., & Chien, J. L. (2012). The factors impact of knowledge sharing intentions: the theory of reasoned action perspective. Quality & Quantity, 1–13.
Turner, K. L., & Makhija, M. V. (2006). THE ROLE OF ORGANIZATIONAL CONTROLS IN MANAGING KNOWLEDGE. Academy of Management Review, 31(1), 197–217. CrossRef
Uit Beijerse, R. (2000). Knowledge management in small and medium-sized companies: knowledge management for entrepreneurs. Journal of Knowledge Management, 4(2), 162–179. CrossRef
Van Den Brink, P. (2001). Measurement of conditions for Knowledge Sharing. Paper presented at the Proceedings 2 nd European Conference on Knowledge Management, Bled.
Van den Hooff, B., Elving, W., Meeuwsen, J. M., and Dumoulin, C. (2003). Knowledge sharing in knowledge communities. Paper presented at the Communities and technologies, 119–142.
Wahlroos, J. (2010). Social media as a form of organizational knowledge sharing. A case study on employee participation at Wärtsilä. Master thesis: Department of Social Research, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki.
Wang, S., & Noe, R. A. (2010). Knowledge sharing: A review and directions for future research. Human Resource Management Review, 20(2), 115–131. CrossRef
Wangpipatwong, S. (2009). Paper presented at the Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Computers in Education [CDROM], Asia-Pacific Society for Computers in Education. Hong: Kong. Factors influencing knowledge sharing among university students.
Willem, A., & Scarbrough, H. (2006). Social capital and political bias in knowledge sharing: An exploratory study. Human Relations, 59(10), 1343–1370. CrossRef
Wong, K. Y., & Aspinwall, E. (2005). An empirical study of the important factors for knowledge-management adoption in the SME sector. Journal of Knowledge Management, 9(3), 64–82. CrossRef
Yang, J.-T. (2009). Individual attitudes to learning and sharing individual and organisational knowledge in the hospitality industry. The Service Industries Journal, 29(12), 1723–1743. CrossRef
Yang, C., & Chen, L. C. (2007). Can organizational knowledge capabilities affect knowledge sharing behavior? Journal of Information Science, 33(1), 95–109. CrossRef
Yue Wah, C., Menkhoff, T., Loh, B., & Evers, H. D. (2007). Social capital and knowledge sharing in knowledge-based organizations: An empirical study. International Journal of Knowledge Management (IJKM), 3(1), 29–48. CrossRef
Zhao, F. (2001). Postgraduate research supervision: A process of knowledge management. UltiBASE: E-journal.
Zhao, F. (2003). Transforming quality in research supervision: A knowledge-management approach. Quality in Higher Education, 9(2), 187–197. CrossRef
- Examining antecedents of knowledge-sharing factors on research supervision: An empirical study
Mohammad Nazir Ahmad
- Springer US
Neuer Inhalt/© ITandMEDIA