Weitere Artikel dieser Ausgabe durch Wischen aufrufen
The aims of the current study were to examine the effects of various safety leader behaviors on safety motivation. In addition, this study investigated the role of attitudes, norms, and perceived control toward safety behaviors as mediating mechanisms in the relationship between safety-specific leader behaviors and safety motivation. The sample for this study consisted of 168 members from Amazon’s Mechanical Turk who were employed in high-risk industries and occupations. The current study utilized a prospective design, whereby participants completed the survey at two points in time, separated by 3 months. While safety-specific transformational, contingent reward, and management-by-exception active leader behaviors were positively related to safety motivation, management-by-exception passive and laissez-faire behaviors did not exhibit any relationship with safety motivation. Furthermore, safety attitudes and safety norms mediated the relationship between active leader behaviors and safety motivation. Perceived safety control did not mediate the leader behavior–safety motivation relationship for any of the five leader behaviors. The findings of this study expand our understanding of the different processes through which active and passive/avoidant leader behaviors impact safety motivation, as well as provide directions for leadership development and occupational safety interventions. This is the first study to explore the impact of a range of active and passive/avoidant safety-specific leader behaviors on safety motivation through attitudes, norms, and perceived control toward safety behaviors.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Ajzen, I. (n.d.). Constructing a theory of planned behavior questionnaire. Retrieved from http://people.umass.edu/aizen/pdf/tpb.measurement.pdf.
Ajzen, I. (1991). The theory of planned behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50, 179–211. CrossRef
Ajzen, I., & Madden, T. J. (1986). Prediction of goal-directed behavior: Attitudes, intentions, and perceived behavioral control. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 22, 453–474. CrossRef
Antonakis, J., Avolio, B. J., & Sivasubramaniam, N. (2003). Context and leadership: An examination of the nine-factor full-range leadership theory using the multifactor leadership questionnaire. The Leadership Quarterly, 14, 261–295. CrossRef
Avolio, B. J., Bass, B. M., & Jung, D. I. (1999). Re-examining the components of transformational and transactional leadership using the multifactor leadership questionnaire. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 72, 441–462. CrossRef
Barger, P., Behrend, T. S., Sharek, D. J., & Sinar, E. F. (2011). IO and the crowd: Frequently asked questions about using mechanical Turk for research. The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist, 49, 11–17.
Bass, B. M. (1985). Leadership and performance beyond expectations. New York, NY: The Free Press.
Bass, B. M. (1991). From transactional to transformational leadership: Learning to share the vision. Organizational Dynamics, 18, 19–31. CrossRef
Bass, B. M. (1997). Does the transactional–transformational leadership paradigm transcend organizational and national boundaries? American Psychologist, 52, 130–139. CrossRef
Bass, B. M. (1999). Two decades of research and development in transformational leadership. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 8, 9–32. CrossRef
Bass, B. M., & Avolio, B. J. (1997). The full range leadership development manual for the multifactor leadership questionnaire. Menlo Park, CA: Mind Garden.
Bentler, P. M. (1995). EQS structural equations program manual. Encino, CA: Multivariate Software.
Bernhard, F., & O’Driscoll, M. P. (2011). Psychological ownership in small family-owned businesses: Leadership style and nonfamily-employees’ work attitudes and behaviors. Group & Organization Management, 36, 345–384. CrossRef
Bommer, W. H., Rich, G. A., & Rubin, R. S. (2005). Changing attitudes about change: Longitudinal effects of transformational leader behavior on employee cynicism about organizational change. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 26, 733–753. CrossRef
Boseman, G. (2008). Effective leadership in a changing world. Journal of Financial Service Professionals, 62, 36–38.
Breivik, E., & Olsson, U. H. (2001). Adding variables to improve model fit: The effect of model size on fit assessment in LISREL. In R. Cudeck, S. Du Toit, & D. Sorbom (Eds.), Structural equation modeling: Present and future (pp. 169–194). Lincolnwood, IL: Scientific Software International.
Burns, J. M. (1978). Leadership. New York, NY: Harper and Row.
Cheung, G., & Rensvold, R. (2002). Evaluating goodness-of-fit indexes for testing measurement invariance. Structural Equation Modeling, 9, 233–255. CrossRef
Chiaburu, D. S., Diaz, I., & Pitts, V. E. (2011). Social and economic exchanges with the organization: Do leader behaviors matter? Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 32, 442–461. CrossRef
Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Cohen, J., Cohen, P., West, S. G., & Aiken, L. S. (2003). Applied multiple regression/correlation analysis for the behavioral sciences (3rd ed.). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Conway, J. M., & Lance, C. E. (2010). What reviewers should expect from authors regarding common method bias in organizational research. Journal of Business and Psychology, 25, 325–334. CrossRef
Dal Corso, L. (2008). Mediation effects of safety climate and safety motivation on the relation between organizational climate and safety performance in the workplace. Testing, Psychometrics, Methodology in. Applied Psychology, 15, 77–90.
Feldman, D. C. (1984). The development and enforcement of group norms. Academy of Management Review, 9, 47–53. CrossRef
Ford, M. T., & Tetrick, L. E. (2008). Safety motivation and human resource management in North America. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 19, 1472–1485. CrossRef
Friedkin, N. E. (2001). Norm formation in social influence networks. Social Networks, 23, 167–189. CrossRef
Fugas, C. S., Silva, S. A., & Meliá, J. L. (2012). Another look at safety climate and safety behavior: Deepening the cognitive and social mediator mechanisms. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 45, 468–477. CrossRef
Goldberg, L. R. (1992). The development of markers for the big-five factor structure. Psychological Assessment, 4, 26–42. CrossRef
Graham, J. W. (1988). Transformational leadership: Fostering follower autonomy, not automatic followership. Emerging Leadership Vistas, 73–79.
Groves, K. S., & LaRocca, M. A. (2011). An empirical study of leader ethical values, transformational and transactional leadership, and follower attitudes toward corporate social responsibility. Journal of Business Ethics, 103, 511–528. CrossRef
Henning, J. B., Stufft, C. J., Payne, S. C., Bergman, M. E., Mannan, M. S., & Keren, N. (2009). The influence of individual differences on organizational safety attitudes. Safety Science, 47, 337–345. CrossRef
Hetland, H., Skogstad, A., Hetland, J., & Mikkelsen, A. (2011). Leadership and learning climate in a work setting. European Psychologist, 16, 163–173. CrossRef
Hoffmeister, K., Gibbons, A. M., Johnson, S. K., Cigularov, K. P., Chen, P. Y., & Rosecrance, J. C. (2014). The differential effects of transformational leadership facets on employee safety. Safety Science, 62, 68–78. CrossRef
Howell, J. M., & Avolio, B. J. (1993). Transformational leadership, transactional leadership, locus of control, and support for innovation: Key predictors of consolidated-business-unit performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 78, 891–902. CrossRef
Huang, Y.-H., Chen, P. Y., Krauss, A. D., & Rogers, D. A. (2004). Quality of the execution of corporate safety policies and employee safety outcomes: Assessing the moderating role of supervisor safety support and the mediating role of employee safety control. Journal of Business and Psychology, 18, 483–506. CrossRef
Ishikawa, J. (2012). Transformational leadership and gatekeeping leadership: The roles of norm for maintaining consensus and shared leadership in team performance. Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 29, 265–283. CrossRef
Kelloway, E. K , Francis, L., Schat, A. & Iverson, R. (2005a). Family socialization of young workers’ safety attitudes. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Los Angeles, CA.
Kelloway, E. K., Sivanathan, N., Francis, L., & Barling, J. (2005b). Poor leadership. Handbook of work stress, 89–112.
LeBreton, J. M., Hargis, M. B., Griepentrog, B., Oswald, F. L., & Ployhart, R. E. (2007). A multidimensional approach for evaluating variables in organizational research and practice. Personnel Psychology, 60, 475–498. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-6570.2007.00080.x. CrossRef
Lee, J.-E., Almanza, B. A., Jang, S. S., Nelson, D. C., & Ghiselli, R. F. (2013). Does transformational leadership style influence employees’ attitudes toward food safety practices? International Journal of Hospitality Management, 33, 282–293. CrossRef
Liberty Mutual Research Institute for Safety. (2016). 2016 Liberty Mutual workplace safety index. Hopkinton, MA.
Loughlin, C., & Frone, M. (2004). Young workers’ occupational safety. In J. Barling & M. Frone, Psychology of workplace safety . Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Masi, R. J., & Cooke, R. A. (2000). Effects of transformational leadership on subordinate motivation, empowering norms, and organizational productivity. The International Journal of Organizational Analysis, 8, 16–47. CrossRef
Mayer, D. M., Kuenzi, M., Greenbaum, R., Bardes, M., & Salvador, R. B. (2009). How low does ethical leadership flow? Test of a trickle-down model. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 108, 1–13. CrossRef
McCabe, B., Loughlin, C., Munteanu, R., Tucker, S., & Lam, A. (2008). Individual safety and health outcomes in the construction industry. Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, 35, 1455–1467. CrossRef
McColl-Kennedy, J. R., & Anderson, R. D. (2005). Subordinate–manager gender combination and perceived leadership style influence on emotions, self-esteem and organizational commitment. Journal of Business Research, 58, 115–125. CrossRef
Mullen, J. E., & Kelloway, E. K. (2009). Safety leadership: A longitudinal study of the effects of transformational leadership on safety outcomes. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 82, 253–272. CrossRef
Mullen, J. E., & Kelloway, E. K. (2011). Occupational health and safety leadership. In J. C. Quick & L. E. Tetrick (Eds.), Handbook of occupational health psychology (2nd ed., pp. 357–372). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Muthén, L. K., & Muthén, B. O. (1998–2015). Mplus User’s Guide (7th ed.). Los Angeles, CA: Muthén & Muthén.
Muthén, L. K., & Muthén, B. O. (2002). How to use a Monte Carlo study to decide on sample size and determine power. Structural Equation Modeling, 9(4), 599–620. CrossRef
Nunnally, J. C., & Bernstein, I. H. (1994). Psychometric theory (3rd ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
O’Connor, P. J., Jimmieson, N. L., & White, K. M. (2017). Too busy to change: High job demands reduce the beneficial effects of information and participation on employee support. Journal of Business and Psychology, 1–15.
Paolacci, G., & Chandler, J. (2014). Inside the Turk: Understanding mechanical Turk as a participant pool. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 23, 184–188. CrossRef
Paolacci, G., Chandler, J., & Ipeirotis, P. G. (2010). Running experiments of Amazon mechanical Turk. Judgment and Decision making, 5, 411–419.
Pierce, J. L., Kostova, T., & Dirks, K. T. (2001). Toward a theory of psychological ownership in organizations. Academy of Management Review, 26, 298–310. CrossRef
Pihie, Z. A. L., Sadeghi, A., & Elias, H. (2011). Analysis of head of departments leadership styles: Implication for improving research university management practices. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 29, 1081–1090. CrossRef
Podsakoff, P. M., Bommer, W. H., Podsakoff, N. P., & MacKenzie, S. B. (2006). Relationships between leader reward and punishment behavior and subordinate attitudes, perceptions, and behaviors: A meta-analytic review of existing and new research. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 99, 113–142. CrossRef
Podsakoff, P. M., MacKenzie, S. B., Moorman, R. H., & Fetter, R. (1990). Transformational leader behaviors and their effects on followers’ trust in leader, satisfaction, and organizational citizenship behaviors. The Leadership Quarterly, 1, 107–142. CrossRef
Ryan, A. M., Chan, D., Ployhart, R. E., & Slade, L. A. (1999). Employee attitude surveys in a multinational organization: Considering language and culture when assessing measurement equivalence. Personnel Psychology, 52, 37–58. CrossRef
Sawhney, G., & Cigularov, K. P. (2014). Measurement equivalence and latent mean differences of personality scores across different media and proctoring administration conditions. Computers in Human Behavior, 36, 412–421. CrossRef
Sheehan, K., & Pittman, M. (2016). Amazon’s mechanical Turk for academics: The HIT handbook for social science research. Irvine, CA: Melvin & Leigh.
Singleton, R., & Straits, B. C. (1999). Approaches to social research (3rd ed.). New York, NY: Oxford Press.
Skogstad, A., Aasland, M. S., Nielsen, M. B., Hetland, J., Matthiesen, S. B., & Einarsen, S. (2015). The relative effects of constructive, laissez-faire, and tyrannical leadership on subordinate job satisfaction. Zeitschrift für Psychologie.
Smith-Crowe, K., Burke, M. J., & Landis, R. S. (2003). Organizational climate as a moderator of safety knowledge–safety performance relationships. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 24, 861–876. CrossRef
Smith, N. A., Sabat, I. E., Martinez, L. R., Weaver, K., & Xu, S. (2015). A convenient solution: Using MTurk to sample from hard-to-reach populations. Industrial & Organizational Psychology, 8, 220–228. CrossRef
Snyder, L. A., Krauss, A. D., Chen, P. Y., Finlinson, S., & Huang, Y.-H. (2011). Safety performance: The mediating role of safety control. Work: A Journal of Prevention, Assessment and Rehabilitation, 40, 99–111.
Taggar, S., & Ellis, R. (2007). The role of leaders in shaping formal team norms. The Leadership Quarterly, 18, 105–120. CrossRef
Terry, D. J., & Hogg, M. A. (1996). Group norms and the attitude-behavior relationship: A role for group identification. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 22, 776–793. CrossRef
Thompson, C. A., & Prottas, D. J. (2005). Relationships among organizational family support, job autonomy, perceived control, and employee well-being. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 11, 100–118. CrossRef
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. (n.d.). Incidence rates of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses by industry and case types, 2015. Retrieved from https://www.bls.gov/iif/oshwc/osh/os/ostb4732.pdf.
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2016). Employer-reported workplace injuries and illnesses—2015. Retrieved from https://www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/osh.pdf
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2017). National census of fatal occupational injuries in 2016. Retrieved from https://www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/cfoi.pdf.
Vandenberghe, C., Stordeur, S., & D’hoore, W. (2002). Transactional and transformational leadership in nursing: Structural validity and substantive relationships. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 18, 16–29. CrossRef
Williams, L. J., Cote, J. A., & Buckley, M. R. (1989). Lack of method variance in self-reported affect and perceptions at work: Reality or artifact? Journal of Applied Psychology, 74, 462–468. CrossRef
Yoon, J., Han, N.-C., & Seo, Y.-J. (1996). Sense of control among hospital employees: An assessment of choice process, empowerment, and buffering hypotheses. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 26, 686–716. CrossRef
Zhu, W., Sosik, J. J., Riggio, R. E., & Yang, B. (2012). Relationships between transformational and active transactional leadership and followers’ organizational identification: The role of psychological empowerment. Journal of Behavioral and Applied Management, 13, 186–212.
Zohar, D. (2011). Safety climate: Conceptual and measurement issues. In J. Quick & L. Tetrick (Eds.), Handbook of occupational health psychology (2nd ed., pp. 141–164). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
- Examining Attitudes, Norms, and Control Toward Safety Behaviors as Mediators in the Leadership-Safety Motivation Relationship
Konstantin P. Cigularov
- Springer US
Neuer Inhalt/© Stellmach, Neuer Inhalt/© Maturus, Pluta Logo/© Pluta