Soil contamination arises at the site of the industrial installation and its vicinity in many industrial processes by the process itself, or the intermediate storage of products, or has arisen owing to the often careless disposal of waste products in the past. For example, in the last 100 years, soil contamination occured in many places in the Ruhr area from byproducts of coal and tar processing. It corresponded to the state of technology to allow tar residues, acids and alkalis to seep away either in pits or in artificially set up earth basins on the works grounds. Special methods to seal off the waste were not applied. In an alteration of the use of the grounds and the movement of large masses of soil often accompanying this, release of the toxic potential of these accumulations and danger to human health may occur. A prerequisite of such a danger is that the substances in the soil pass into the human body.
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- Experience in the Appraisal of Health Risks Owing to Soil Contamination
- Springer Netherlands
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