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02.08.2017 | Original Article | Ausgabe 5/2017 Open Access

Chinese Journal of Mechanical Engineering 5/2017

Experimental Dynamic Analysis of a Breathing Cracked Rotor

Zeitschrift:
Chinese Journal of Mechanical Engineering > Ausgabe 5/2017
Autoren:
Chao-Zhong Guo, Ji-Hong Yan, Lawrence A. Bergman
Wichtige Hinweise
Supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51505099).

Abstract

Crack fault diagnostics plays a critical role for rotating machinery in the traditional and Industry 4.0 factory. In this paper, an experiment is set up to study the dynamic response of a rotor with a breathing crack as it passes through its 1/2, 1/3, 1/4 and 1/5 subcritical speeds. A cracked shaft is made by applying fatigue loads through a three-point bending apparatus and then placed in a rotor testbed. The vibration signals of the testbed during the coasting-up process are collected. Whirl orbit evolution at these subcritical speed zones is analyzed. The Fourier spectra obtained by FFT are used to investigate the internal frequencies corresponding to the typical orbit characteristics. The results show that the appearance of the inner loops and orientation change of whirl orbits in the experiment are agreed well with the theoretical results obtained previously. The presence of higher frequencies 2X, 3X, 4X and 5X in Fourier spectra reveals the causes of subharmonic resonances at these subcritical speed zones. The experimental investigation is more systematic and thorough than previously reported in the literature. The unique dynamic behavior of the orbits and frequency spectra are feasible features for practical crack diagnosis. This paper provides a critical technology support for the self-aware health management of rotating machinery in the Industry 4.0 factory.

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