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This chapter proposes a way of explaining the informal economy in post-communist economies. Drawing upon evidence from 1,027 face-to-face interviews conducted in Romania during 2013, using an ordinal logistic regression analysis this chapter reveals that participation in the informal economy arises when there is asymmetry between the norms, values and beliefs of citizens (informal institutions) and the codified laws and regulations (formal institutions), and that tackling the informal economy thus needs to focus upon changing not only informal institutions but also formal institutions in order to reduce this institutional asymmetry. How to achieve this in post-communist societies is then discussed.
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- Explaining the Informal Economy in Post-Communist Societies: A Study of the Asymmetry Between Formal and Informal Institutions in Romania
Colin C. Williams
Ioana A. Horodnic
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