I came upon the history of Gorizia entirely by chance in 2007, despite my interest in alternative psychiatric movements of the 1960s. Gorizia was the first city in Italy where, in 1961, psychiatrist Franco Basaglia began to implement features of British therapeutic communities (Jones, 1952). This work paved the way toward the national abolition of psychiatric hospitals in 1978, with Law 180. However, Basaglia’s approach clashed with the local provincial administration, and in 1968 he moved his work to the nearby city of Trieste, which became internationally associated with his practice (Cohen and Saraceno, 2002; World Health Organization, 2010, 1978). As a consequence, Gorizia is usually given the role of a pilot, juxtaposed to the model of Trieste, and it is often granted only a marginal role in the national history of psychiatry (see Donnelly 1992).
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