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2024 | Buch

Exploring the Dynamics of Renewable Energy and Sustainable Development in Africa

A Cross-Country and Interdisciplinary Approach

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Über dieses Buch

This book explores the potential of renewable energy sources to promote sustainable development in Africa, with a specific focus on Cameroon, Nigeria, Uganda, South Africa, and Algeria. It delves into the challenges and opportunities presented by various renewable and clean energy technologies, including nuclear power, liquefied petroleum gas, bamboo biomass gasification, and geothermal energy, in addressing the energy needs of African nations. Additionally, the book assesses the socioeconomic and environmental impacts of renewable energy projects and evaluates their alignment with the African Union's Agenda 2063 and the Sustainable Development Goals.

Using a combination of theoretical and empirical methods, such as scenario-based modeling, techno-economic feasibility analysis, stakeholder theory, and panel data analysis, the book provides a comprehensive assessment of the renewable energy sector in Africa. Its interdisciplinary and cross-country approach, as well as its incorporation of innovative concepts like social innovation and bamboo-based development, makes it a unique resource.

This book is valuable for undergraduate and graduate students, researchers, policymakers, practitioners, university research libraries, research centers, and anyone interested in understanding how renewable energy can contribute to a more resilient and prosperous Africa.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Frontmatter
Chapter 1. Introduction—Exploring the Dynamics of Renewable Energy and Sustainable Development in Africa
Abstract
Renewable energy (RE) is a key solution to address the energy challenges and aspirations of the African people, who still suffer from low access to electricity and high dependence on traditional biomass. However, RE in Africa faces many technical, economic, social, environmental, institutional, and policy barriers that need to be overcome. This book provides a comprehensive and multidisciplinary perspective on RE in Africa, covering various aspects such as drivers, impacts, and solutions for RE in Africa. The book also presents various case studies from different African countries and regions, using various methods and tools for data collection and analysis. The book aims to fill the gaps in the existing literature and practice on RE in Africa and to contribute to the advancement of knowledge and practice on RE in Africa.
Hassan Qudrat-Ullah
Chapter 2. Improving Rural Electrification Access in Cameroon: A Qualitative Study
Abstract
Cameroon's Vision 2035 aims to become an emergent economy, and energy is a crucial resource for achieving this goal. However, only 20% of the rural population has access to electricity, which limits their economic opportunities. This study investigates the reasons for the slow progress of rural electrification in Cameroon since the establishment of the Rural Electrification Agency in 1998. The study also aims to identify the challenges and propose a model for rural electrification. The study uses the stakeholder theory as a framework and adopts a survey research design with a qualitative approach. Data is collected from primary and secondary sources, using semi-structured interviews and personnel as data collection instruments. The study samples 10 key institutions and selects 7 respondents for data analysis, which is done through in-depth content analysis. The study finds that corruption and poor coordination of the rural electrification sector are the main barriers to rural electrification in Cameroon. The study recommends a bottom-up policy-making process for rural electrification and suggests a model for implementation.
Hassan Qudrat-Ullah
Chapter 3. Exploring the Energy Transition to LPG in the Nigerian Household Sector: A Scenario-Based Modeling Approach
Abstract
Scenario-based models based on plausible and acceptable descriptions of the future have time and again been employed to study the effect of an evolving energy system. This study employed scenario-based modeling using the Long-Range Energy Alternatives Planning System (LEAP) to explore the dynamics of the energy transition to cleaner energy in the Nigerian household sector. Our analysis showed that the household sector has and will continue to contribute the largest share to the overall energy demand in Nigeria within the period under study (2010–2030). To achieve sustainable development and eradicate energy poverty within the Nigerian household sector an alternative energy transition scenario was explored. This scenario identified bottlenecks that could hinder the mainstreaming of Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) to substitute traditional fuelwood in the household sector and modeled a possible future where these bottlenecks are tackled, and LPG becomes the fuel of choice within the household sector in Nigeria.
Hassan Qudrat-Ullah
Chapter 4. Bamboo Gasification for Sustainable Energy and Rural Development in Uganda
Abstract
Bamboo gasification is a promising social innovation for sustainable energy and rural development in Uganda. Bamboo is a fast-growing and versatile plant that can provide a renewable and reliable source of biomass for gasification. Bamboo gasification can generate electricity and heat, as well as other valuable products, such as biochar, bio-oil, or bio-fertilizer. Bamboo gasification can also contribute to various Sustainable Development Goals, such as poverty reduction, climate change mitigation, forest conservation, and job creation. However, bamboo gasification faces many challenges and barriers in Uganda, such as a lack of awareness, research, investment, and support. This chapter aims to explore the potential and challenges of bamboo gasification in Uganda and to propose a conceptual and methodological framework for its promotion and commercialization. The chapter reviews the literature and case studies on biomass gasification, bamboo cultivation, and utilization, technical and environmental performance of gasification technologies, applications and markets for syngas and its derivatives, socio-economic and policy aspects of bamboo gasification, and sensitivity analysis of feasibility assessment. Based on the review, the chapter presents a conceptual model that depicts the main components and relationships of the bamboo gasification system and its environment. The chapter also proposes a 5-step approach that guides the decision makers to apply the conceptual model to any region or country that has bamboo resources. The chapter concludes with some limitations of the conceptual model and some directions for future research.
Hassan Qudrat-Ullah
Chapter 5. Renewable Energy and Sustainable Development in South Africa: Challenges, Barriers and Solutions
Abstract
This chapter explores how renewable energy can support sustainable development in South Africa. It reviews the literature on four topics: the current and future trends of renewable energy use and production; the factors that influence renewable energy adoption and diffusion; the effects of renewable energy on different aspects of sustainability; and the policy and technical measures to enhance the role of renewable energy in achieving sustainability goals. The chapter shows that South Africa has made considerable progress in using and producing renewable energy, but still faces some obstacles and challenges that need to be addressed. The chapter proposes some potential policy and technical solutions to create a favorable environment for renewable energy transition in South Africa. The chapter also acknowledges some research gaps and limitations and suggests some areas for further research. The chapter aims to enrich the knowledge of renewable energy and sustainability and provide useful insights and lessons for policymakers, investors, developers, and users of renewable energy technologies in South Africa and other countries.
Hassan Qudrat-Ullah
Chapter 6. Renewable Energy Dynamics in the North Africa: A System Thinking Approach with the Algerian Case Study
Abstract
This chapter examines the dynamics of renewable energy (RE) in the North African electricity market, focusing on the Algerian case. The North African countries of Africa, namely Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia, have a high potential for solar and wind power generation, which could meet their electricity demand and reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. However, they also face various challenges and barriers for RE investment and development, such as policy, technology, economics, behavior, and sustainability. The chapter aims to answer the following questions: What are the policies that support or hinder the development of RE in North Africa? How do they affect the supply and demand of electricity from RE sources? How do they influence regional integration and cooperation in the electricity sector? To answer these questions, the chapter conducts a literature review of articles and journals on this topic and then designs a conceptual model to analyze the dynamics of RE in the Algerian electricity market using system thinking and causal loop diagrams.
Hassan Qudrat-Ullah
Chapter 7. Future Research Directions
Abstract
This final chapter suggests some policy implications and recommendations that can promote and speed up the deployment of renewable energy sources in Africa. Moreover, it identifies some research gaps that remain to be addressed by future studies on renewable energy and sustainable development in Africa and proposes some possible research questions that future researchers could address to advance our knowledge and practice in this field. The chapter aims to contribute to the understanding of the dynamics of renewable energy in Africa, as well as to the policy design and implementation for renewable energy development and integration in the continent.
Hassan Qudrat-Ullah
Backmatter
Metadaten
Titel
Exploring the Dynamics of Renewable Energy and Sustainable Development in Africa
verfasst von
Hassan Qudrat-Ullah
Copyright-Jahr
2024
Electronic ISBN
978-3-031-48528-2
Print ISBN
978-3-031-48527-5
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-48528-2