Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
The controversy about the relation between trade and economic growth that roots deeply in questions of efficient allocation, specialisation and knowledge flows is presumably one of the oldest issues in the economics discipline and during the centuries almost every outstanding and all common economists have expressed their opinion on the topic. The trade and growth nexus was, is and will be of utmost relevance as it concerns both developed countries as well as developing countries, and as people around the world are directly affected by the influences of trade policy on individual income and on income distribution. In Chaps. 2 and 3 it is elaborated that most of this discussion is concerned with the short- and medium-run effects and that only with the emergence of New Growth Theory a persuasive intellectual support for possible long-run growth implications was delivered. In recent years economic theory has enhanced these approaches by accounting for firm-heterogeneity and strategic interaction between firms. While with these improvements the actual channels and mechanisms of how trade (liberalisation) may influence economic growth and technological change are better understood, the main conclusion that can be drawn is that there are long-run growth and welfare effects of trade, but the sign of these effects is ambiguous. It depends for example on the technology gap between leader and follower country, on an individual firm’s distance to the industry frontier, on the share of frontier firms within an industry or on the share of frontier industries within a country. It might as well depend on the degree of prevailing product market competition before liberalisation or it depends on the degree of possible inter-temporal and international knowledge spillovers. In sum, the ball is once again passed to the empirical study of actual growth experiences in face of trade liberalisation.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Albornoz -Crespo , F., Calvo Pardo , H. F., Corcos , G., & Ornelas, E. (2010). Sequential exporting. CEPR Discussion Papers 8103, Centre for Economic Policy Research (C.E.P.R.).
Arrow, K. J. (1962). The economic implications of learning by doing. The Review of Economic Studies, 29, 155–173. CrossRef
Bernard , A. B., & Jensen, J. B. (1995). Exporters, jobs, and wages in U.S. manufacturing: 1976–1987. Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Microeconomics, 67–119.
Bernard, A. B., & Jensen, J. B. (2004). Exporting and productivity in the USA. Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 20, 343–357. CrossRef
Bernard, A. B., & Wagner, J. (1997). Exports and success in German manufacturing. Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), 133, 134–157. CrossRef
Bia, M., & Mattei, A. (2008). A Stata package for the estimation of the dose–response function through adjustment for the generalized propensity score. Stata Journal, 8, 354–373.
Buono , I., Fadinger , H., & Berger, S. (2008). The micro dynamics of exporting: Evidence from French firms. MPRA Paper 12940, University Library of Munich.
Castellani, D. (2002). Export behavior and productivity growth: Evidence from Italian manufacturing firms. Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), 138, 605–628. CrossRef
Crinò , R., & Epifani, P. (2010). Productivity, quality, and export intensities. UFAE and IAE Working Papers 824.10, Unitat de Fonaments de l’Analisi Econamica (UAB) and Institut d’Analisi Econamica (CSIC).
De Loecker , J. (2010). A note on detecting learning by exporting. NBER Working Papers 16548, National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER), Inc.
Eaton, J., Eslava, M., Kugler, M., & Tybout, J. (2008). The margins of entry into export markets: Evidence from Colombia. In E. Helpman, D. Marin, & T. Verdier (Eds.), The organization of firms in a global economy. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Fernandes , A. M., & Isgut, A. E. (2005). Learning-by-doing, learning-by-exporting, and productivity: Evidence from Colombia. Policy Research Working Paper Series 3544, The World Bank.
Fryges, H., & Wagner, J. (2008). Exports and productivity growth: First evidence from a continuous treatment approach. Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), 144, 695–722.
Hirano, K., & Imbens, G. W. (2004). The propensity score with continuous treatments. In A. Gelman & X.-L. Meng (Eds.), Applied Bayesian modelling and causal inference from incomplete-data perspectives (pp. 73–84). West-Sussex: Wiley InterScience.
Kraay, A. (1999). Exportations et Performances Economiques: Etude d’un Panel d’Entreprises Chinoises (Exports and economic performance: Evidence from a panel of Chinese enterprises). Revue d’Economie du Developpement, 2, 183–207.
Levinsohn, J., & Petrin, A. (2003). Estimating production functions using inputs to control for unobservables. Review of Economic Studies, 70, 317–341. CrossRef
Lopez, R. A. (2005). Trade and growth: Reconciling the macroeconomic and microeconomic evidence. Journal of Economic Surveys, 19, 623–648. CrossRef
Malchin, A., & Voshage, R. (2009). Official firm data for Germany. Journal of Applied Social Science Studies, 3, 501–513.
Olley, G. S., & Pakes, A. (1996). The dynamics of productivity in the telecommunications equipment industry. Econometrica, 64, 1263–1297. CrossRef
Rodriguez, F., & Rodrik, D. (2001). Trade policy and economic growth: A sceptic’s guide to the cross-national evidence. In B. S. Bernanke & K. Rogoff (Eds.), NBER macroeconomics annual 2000 (Vol. 15, pp. 261–338). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
The International Study Group on Exports and Productivity. (2007). Exports and productivity: Comparable evidence for 14 countries. Discussion Papers 07/41, University of Nottingham, GEP.
Wagner, J. (2007). Exports and productivity: A survey of the evidence from firmlevel data. The World Economy, 30, 60–82. CrossRef
Wagner , J. (2009). The research potential of new types of enterprise data based on surveys from official statistics in Germany. IZA Discussion Papers 4364, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- Export-Intensity and Productivity Growth: Evidence from German Firm-Level Data
Dr. Patricia Hofmann
- Springer Berlin Heidelberg
- Chapter 7
Neuer Inhalt/© Stellmach, Neuer Inhalt/© BBL, Neuer Inhalt/© Maturus, Pluta Logo/© Pluta, Neuer Inhalt/© hww, Voraussetzungen für wirtschaftliche additive Fertigung/© Marco2811 | Fotolia